Paiton-1 power station

From Global Energy Monitor

The Paiton-1 power station is a 1,230 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Indonesia.[1][2]


The satellite photo below shows the plant, located in Bhinor Village, Paiton District, Probolinggo Regency, East Java Province. Paiton-1 and Paiton-2 are adjacent to the Paiton-3 power station.

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Units 7-8 of the Paiton-1 power station began operations in 1999 and is operated by PT Paiton Energy. Each unit has 615 MW of installed capacity.[3]

The Paiton 1 power station is part of the 4,945-MW Paiton coal-fired power complex, including the two-unit, 800-MW PLN Paiton plant, owned by PLN; the two-unit, 1,320-MW Paiton-2 plant, owned by Siemens AG and YTL Corporation; the single-unit, 825-MW Paiton-3 plant, operated by PT Paiton Energy; and the 660-MW Paiton Baru plant, owned by PLN.


In December 2020, activists with a group called the Blue Sea coalition staged a demonstration to oppose environmental pollution produced by Paiton Units 7-8. The group formed a marine blockade of the power station with 7 boats. According to the group, since it began operating, Paiton Units 7-8 have dumped 19,000 tons of coal into the water near the power station's docks. The group called for a cleanup of the coal spill and enforcement of Indonesia's environmental protection laws.[4]

Environmental Impact

In May 2017 it was reported that the Paiton power complex produces the largest amount of Hazardous and Toxic B3 waste of any facility in East Java, 153 million tonnes a year, a figure that represents 80% of the annual total of 170 million tonnes for East Java.[5] B3 waste is defined by Government Regulation 19 of 1994 as "any waste containing dangerous and/or toxic material, which due to its characteristics and/or concentration and/or amount, either directly or indirectly, may damage and/or pollute the living environment and/or endanger human health."[6]


In June 2021, Mitsui & Co. Ltd. announced that it would sell its majority stake (45.5%) in PT Paiton Energy to RH International (Singapore) Corporation Pte. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the Thai energy company RATCH Group Public Company Limited. Mitsui stated that it was selling its stake in PT Paiton in an attempt to increase the sustainability of its operations. Apart from Mitsui, Paiton Energy is owned by Qatari energy investment company, Nebras Power QSC (35.5%), PT Toba Bara Sejahtra Tbk. (TOBA)(5%), and Jera Co., which is a joint venture between Tokyo Electric Power Co. and Chubu Electric Power Co. (14%).[7]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: PT Paiton Energy
  • Parent company: RATCH Group Public Company Ltd. (45.5%), Nebras Power QSC (35.5%), TEPCO (7%), Chubu Electric Power (7%), PT Toba Bara Sejahtra Tbk (5%)
  • Location: Bhinor Village, Paiton District, Probolinggo Regency, East Java Province, Indonesia
  • Coordinates: -7.715299,113.5857062 (exact)
  • Gross Capacity: Unit 7: 615 MW; Unit 8: 615 MW[8]
  • Type: Subcritical
  • In service: 1999
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources


  1. Paiton I Coal Power Plant Indonesia, Global Energy Observatory, accessed May 2012
  2. "Coal-Fired Plants Financed by International Public Investment Institutions Since 1994", Appendix to Foreclosing the Future: Coal, Climate and International Public Finance: Investment in coal-fired power plants hinders the fight against global warming, Environmental Defense, April 2009.
  3. About Us, Paiton Energy, Accessed June 25, 2021
  4. Kontributor Probolinggo, Ahmad Faisol, Demo di PLTU Paiton, Aktivis Lingkungan Menduga Tumpahan Batu Bara Rusak Ekosistem Laut, Kompas, Dec. 1, 2020
  5. Komplek PLTU Paiton Sumbang Limbah Beracun Terbesar di Jatim, Kompas, May 18, 2017
  6. Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia regarding hazardous and toxic waste management (No. 19 of 1994) Ecolex, accessed December 2017
  7. Denis Riantiza Meilanova, Mitsui Sepakat Lepas Saham Paiton Energy ke Anak Usaha RATCH Group, Bisnis, June 22, 2021
  8. Technical Information, Paiton Energy, accessed September 2020

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External resources

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