Presidente Vargas Steelworks
|This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Volta Redonda, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.
CSN (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, or National Steel Company) is the largest fully integrated steel producer in Brazil and one of the largest in Latin America in terms of crude steel production, with an annual capacity of 5.8 million tons. Its main plant is located in the city of Volta Redonda, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
CSN was created as a state-owned company on April 9, 1941, during the administration of Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas, with the objective of building a large national steelworks to satisfy growing demand, make use of the country's abundant mineral resources, and strengthen the national economy. In 1946, steelmaking began at the newly constructed Presidente Vargas Steelworks in Volta Redonda, with iron ore for the blast furnace supplied by the Casa de Pedra and Arcos mines recently acquired by CSN.
The Volta Redonda plant significantly expanded its output over the next four decades, with the installation of two new blast furnaces (BF #2 and #3) in 1954 and 1976, respectively; the plant's original blast furnace #1 was decommissioned in 1992. Steel production rose from 680,000 tons per annum in 1954 to 1.3 million tpa in 1963, 2.5 million in 1977, and 4.6 million in 1989.
In 1993 the company was privatized in accordance with Brazil's National Program for Privatization, with the Brazilian government selling 91% of its shares to private investors on the Rio de Janeiro stock exchange. A period of capital improvements and productivity initiatives followed, culminating in 2001 with the revamping of blast furnace #3 and hot strip mill #2 to increase the plant's capacity to 5.6 million tpa of crude steel and 5.1 million tpa of rolled products. In 2003, annual production reached a new high of 5.3 million tons.
In 2013, after more than half a century specializing in flat steel, the Presidente Vargas Steelworks inaugurated a new long steel plant equipped with an electric arc furnace, continuous casting facilities and a hot rolling mill designed to supply up to 500,000 tpa of long steel products for Brazil's civil construction industry.
Today CSN's Volta Redonda steel complex manufactures a broad variety of steel products, including slabs, hot- and cold-rolled steel, galvanized steel, rebar, wire rod, and structural shapes. Its products are used by the automobile, auto parts, civil construction, electrical equipment, and packaging industries.
- Private/State ownership: private
- Parent company: Vicunha Aços S.A. 48.97%, NYSE 20.48%, Rio Iaco Participaçoes S.A. 4.19%, Treasury shares 0.53%, Other shareholders 25.82% 
- Owner: CSN (Companhia Siderurgica Nacional)
- Alternative plant names: CSN Volta Redonda
- Other language plant name: Usina Siderúrgica Presidente Vargas (Portuguese)
- Location: Highway BR393, Lucio Meira Km 5001, Vila Santa Cecilia, Volta Redonda , Rio de Janiero, Brazil
- GPS Coordinates: -22.512631, -44.112870 (exact)
- Plant status: operating
- Start year: 1946 (age 74–75)
- Production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Production (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Crude steel: 3043 (BF-BOF, 2019)
- Steel product category: flat, long
- Steel products: slabs, hot- and cold-rolled steel, galvanized steel, rebar, wire rod, structural shapes
- Steel sector end users: automotive, auto parts, civil construction, electric equipment, packaging industries
- Steelmaking process: integrated, electric
- Primary steel production equipment: 2 blast furnaces (BF): BF #2 (1954), BF #3 (1976); 3 basic oxygen furnaces (BOF) (1977); 1 electric arc furnace (EAF) (2013); 3 sinter plants; 1 coking plant (5 coke batteries: 3 operating, 2 idled; # ovens unknown)
- Power source: captive thermoelectric plant at Volta Redonda steelworks, Itá and Igarapava hydroelectric plants
- Iron ore source: Casa de Pedra mine, Congonhas, Brazil
Articles and resources
- "Manufacturing Units (CSN)". CSN (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional). Retrieved 2020-07-30.
- "CSN, uma decisão política". CPDOC (Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil). Retrieved 2020-09-16.
- "History". CSN (Companhia Siderurgica Nacional). Retrieved 2020-07-30.
- "CSN retoma operação do Alto-Forno 2 e vai abrir 450 vagas até dezembro". Diário do Vale. October 17, 2016.
- "Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional: Form 20-F (pp. 17, 31 & 36)". United States Securities & Exchange Commission. April 27, 2015.
- "Products and Services". CSN. Retrieved 2020-09-16.
- "Cia Siderurgica Nacional SA". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
- "The Group". CSN. Retrieved 2020-09-16.
- "Pocket Yearbook 2020: A Siderurgia em Números" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. 2020.
- "2020 AIST Basic Oxygen Furnace Roundup". AIST (Association for Iron & Steel Technology). Retrieved 2020-09-14.
- "CSN Energia". CSN. Retrieved 2020-09-16.
- "Mining". CSN. Retrieved 2020-07-30.
This page uses material from the Wikipedia page Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional under the provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.