Pulliam Power Plant
J.P. Pulliam Power Plant was a 430.2-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
The power station is located at the mouth of the Fox River in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
The plant was first built in 1927. At its peak, the power plant was home to eight coal-fueled electric generating units. There is also a 91 MW natural gas fueled combustion turbine at Pulliam that runs during times of peak energy demand and began operating in 2003.
Units 1-2 were retired in 1980, units 3-4 in 2007, and units 5-6 in 2015. Units 3-6 were retired as a result of EPA Clean Air Act enforcement. Units 7-8, the power station's final units, were retired in 2018. Plant owner WEC Energy Group cited lower prices for energy alternatives, including wind power, as the basis for the decision.
The plant was owned by Wisconsin Public Service (WPS) of WPS Resources Corporation (WPSR). On February 21, 2007, WSPR merged with Peoples Energy to become Integrys Energy Group, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. On June 23, 2014, Integrys announced that it was being acquired by Wisconsin Energy (of WEC Energy Group) for US$9.1 billion.
Sierra Club Lawsuit
On October 26, 2006 the Sierra Club and Clean Wisconsin announced a settlement with Wisconsin Public Service Corp. (WPS) to resolve Clean Air Act violations at its Pulliam Power Plant in Green Bay. The groups filed the suit after discovering that air pollution monitoring reports submitted by WPS to the Department of Natural Resources showed that Pulliam had exceeded legal pollution limits. The terms of the settlement include:
- Upgrade air pollution controls on all coal-fired units
- Invest $500,000 in an energy efficiency project in the Green Bay area
- Limit use or shut down the two oldest – and dirtiest – coal-fired electric generating units
- Owner: Wisconsin Public Service
- Parent Company: Wisconsin Energy
- Plant Nameplate Capacity: 430.2 MW (Megawatts)
- Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 1: 10.0 MW (1927), Unit 2: 10.0 MW (1927), Unit 3: 30.0 MW (1943), Unit 4: 30.0 MW (1947), Unit 5: 50.0 MW (1949), Unit 6: 69.0 MW (1951), Unit 7: 81.6 MW (1958), Unit 8: 149.6 MW (1964)
- Location: 1530 North Bylsby Ave., Green Bay, WI 54303
- GPS Coordinates: 44.540114,-88.008646
- Technology: Subcritical
- Coal type: Sub-bituminous
- Coal Consumption:
- Coal Source: North Antelope Rochelle Mine (Peabody Coal)
- Number of Employees:
- Unit Retirements: Unit 1 & 2 retired in 1980, Unit 3 & 4 retired in December 2007, Unit 5 & 6 retired in June 2015, Units 7 & 8 retired in October 2018.
- 2006 CO2 Emissions: 2,988,738 tons
- 2006 SO2 Emissions: 10,869 tons
- 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
- 2006 NOx Emissions: 8,163 tons
- 2005 Mercury Emissions: 150 lb.
Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Pulliam Power Plant
In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.
Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Pulliam Power Plant
|Type of Impact||Annual Incidence||Valuation|
|Asthma ER visits||16||$6,000|
Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011
Articles and Resources
- "Pulliam Power Plant". Wisconsin Public Service Corp. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- Form EIA-860 Data - Schedule 3, Generator Data, US EIA, 2014
- "Wisconsin Public Service Corporation Settlement". EPA. January 4, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Green Bay’s Pulliam Plant Will 'Retire' By End Of 2018," WPR, December 1, 2017
- "Utility firms Wisconsin Energy and Integrys plan merger". Wisconsin Star. Retrieved 23 June 2014. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- Lawsuit Settlement Announced by Clean Wisconsin and Sierra Club Signals Clean Air Victory, Clean Wisconsin, October 25, 2006
- "EIA 923 2018" EIA 923 2018.
- "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
- "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010
- Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005, Energy Information Administration, accessed Jan. 2009.
- Environmental Integrity Project, "Dirty Kilowatts: America’s Most Polluting Power Plants", July 2007.
- Facility Registry System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, accessed Jan. 2009.
- Carbon Monitoring for Action database, accessed Feb. 2009.
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