Quang Ninh power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Quảng Ninh power station is a 1,200-megawatt (MW) coal plant in Quảng Ninh province, Vietnam. An additional 1,200 MW was proposed and subsequently cancelled.


The undated satellite photo below shows the plant, which is in Hà Khánh ward, Hạ Long city, Quảng Ninh province.

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In November 2018 two of the plant's four units were shut down temporarily due to coal shortages.[1]

Quang Ninh Thermal Power lost VND 311.4 billion in Q3 2018.[1]

Quảng Ninh-1

In 2006, Quang Ninh Thermal Power Joint Stock Company (a partnership that is majority-owned by Electricity of Vietnam) broke ground on the construction of the two-unit, $600 million, 600-MW Quảng Ninh-1 coal-fired power plant near Hạ Long city. The first unit came online in May 2009, and the second in June 2010.[2][3]

Quảng Ninh-2

In May 2007, Quang Ninh Thermal Power JSC broke ground on the two-unit, $600 million, 600-MW Quảng Ninh-2. The first unit of Quảng Ninh-2 (Unit 3 of the entire complex) came online in December 2012, and Unit 4 came online in April 2014.[2][3][4][5]

Quảng Ninh-3

Quang Ninh-3 (2 x 600 MW) was identified in the revised Power Development Plan VII (PDP7) for completion in 2029 and 2030.[6] In June 2019 the Ministry Of Industry And Trade's report on the implementation of PDP7 did not list a completion date for Quảng Ninh-3, effectively shelving the project until after 2030.[7] In November 2020 it was reported that Quảng Ninh-3 and other coal plants whose construction had not yet begun would be cancelled under future development plans for the Mekong Delta and under Vietnam's upcoming Power Development Plan VIII.[8][9] The project does not appear in the September 2021 draft of the Power Development Plan 8 (PDP8).[10] With no progress in more than four years, it appears to be cancelled.

Environmental Impacts

The Quang Ninh power station has caused major environmental degradation to surrounding areas. The station discharges heated water into the nearby Dien Vong river as part of its operations. Local residents say that the heated water from the station has led to mass die-offs of fish, shrimp, and other species. Hundreds of households on the shores of the Dien Vong river, some of whom have lived there for dozens of generations, are no longer able to depend on fishing for sustenance. "Since the full operation of the coal-fired Quang Ninh power plant began in 2014, our lives have totally changed," said Nguyen Van Bao, a local resident. "We don’t need the plant, we need the river." Residents also complain about high levels of pollution in nearby water sources, including wells used for drinking and other household purposes. They describe the water as "black and viscid, with a terrible smell" from mixing with coal dust.[11]

Project Details

  • Owner: Quang Ninh Thermal Power Joint Stock Company
  • Parent company: Electricity of Vietnam (80%), Vinacomin (15%), Vinaconex (5%)
  • Location: Hà Khánh ward, Hạ Long city, Quảng Ninh province, Vietnam
  • Coordinates: 21.01182, 107.12883 (exact)
  • Status: Quang Ninh-1 and Quang Ninh-2: Operating; Quang Ninh-3: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity: Quang Ninh-1: 600 MW (2 x 300 MW); Quang Ninh-2: 600 MW (2 x 300 MW); Quang Ninh-3: 1,200 MW (2 x 600 MW)
  • In Service:
    • Quang Ninh-1 Unit 1: 2009
    • Quang Ninh-1 Unit 2: 2010
    • Quang Ninh-2 Unit 1: 2012
    • Quang Ninh-2 Unit 2: 2014
    • Quang Ninh-3 Unit 1: after 2030
    • Quang Ninh-3 Unit 2: after 2030
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Coal Type: Anthracite
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing: Quảng Ninh-1: US$510 million - China Import-Export Bank, loan; US$90 million - Quang Ninh Thermal Power Joint Stock Company, equity[12]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Đang đau đầu vì thua lỗ, Nhiệt điện Quảng Ninh lại phải dừng tổ máy vì thiếu than], Dantri, Nov. 27, 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 Quang Ninh Thermal Power Plant: Contributing to the Transformation of Growth Model in Quang Ninh, Vinacomin website, Nov. 28, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Turbine Group No. 3 of Quang Ninh Thermal Power Plant to Start Operating Next Month, Quảng Ninh provincial website, Nov. 23, 2012.
  4. Building an Environmentally Friendly Power Plant, Quang Ninh News, Nov. 6, 2013.
  5. Cấp PAC tổ máy số 4 Nhà máy nhiệt điện Quảng Ninh, Power Engineering Consulting JSC 1 website, Apr. 29, 2014.
  6. DANH MỤC CÁC DỰ ÁN NGUỒN ĐIỆN VÀO VẬN HÀNH GIAI ĐOẠN 2016 - 2030, Ban hành kèm theo Quyết định số 428/QĐ-TTg ngày 18 tháng 3 năm 2016 của Thủ tướng Chính phủ (LIST OF POWER PROJECT IN OPERATION PERIOD 2016 - 2030, Issued together with Decision No. 428 / QD - TTg of March 18, 2016 by the Prime Minister)
  7. Implementation of Power Projects in the Revised Power Development Plan 7, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Republic of Vietnam, Jun. 4, 2019
  8. Nhiều dự án nguồn điện trong quy hoạch ‘chưa rõ tiến độ’ vào vận hành, Nang Luong Vietnam, Nov. 25, 2020
  9. Quy hoạch vùng ĐBSCL: Thay thế tất cả nhà máy điện than chưa xây dựng bằng nhà máy LNG và năng lượng tái tạo, Cafe F, Nov. 26, 2020
  10. 2021 Draft PDP 8, vepg.vn, accessed 12-3-2021
  11. Suffering downstream of polluting coal plants, Vietnam Investment Review, Mar. 11, 2018
  12. Morgan Hervé-Mignucci & Xueying Wang, Slowing the Growth of Coal Power Outside China: The Role of Chinese Finance, Climate Policy Initiative, Nov. 2015

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