Ramagundam power station

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of India and coal.

Ramagundam power station is a 2,600 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Telangana, India.

An additional 1,600 MW has been proposed to be added at the same location, known as Ramagundam Stage IV or as the Telangana super thermal power project.


The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in Ramagundam village in the district of Karimnagar.

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Stage IV is located to the east:

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Ramagundam power station is owned and operated by the National Thermal Power Corporation. It consists of the following units:[1]

  • Stage I (3x200MW)
  • Stage II (3x500MW)
  • Stage III (1x500MW)

On July 1, 2011, Singareni Collieries Co. Ltd. (SCCL) started the $190-million construction phase of the Adriyala coal project, in the southern Indian province of Andhra Pradesh. The project would aim to extract some 2.81-million tons a year of coal from estimated reserves of 54.36-million tons, located in the Karimnagar district of the southern state. The entire production from the Adriyala coal mine will be linked to the Ramagundam power station. SCCL and NTPC agreed to a long-term plan under which the coal miner would ensure supplies of five-million tons a year of thermal grade coal to the power producer.[2]

Ramagundam power station Stage IV (Telangana Super Thermal Power Station Phase I)

NTPC originally planned to expand the power station by 1,000 MW. In 2010 NTPC received a terms of reference toward Ramagundam Stage IV, which would consist of two units of 500 MW each.[3]

In January 2014 NTPC said it was planning to take up expansion of Ramagundam project, with potential to set up two projects of 1,320 MW, subject to coal linkages.[4]

In July 2014 NTPC said it planned to commence work on the first unit of a proposed 4,000 MW (5×800) power plant at Ramagundam immediately, with the first unit to be completed within 39 months. The new plant, Telangana power station, was expected to come up adjacent to NTPC’s existing 2,600 mw plant at Ramagundam.[5]

In September 2014 NTPC received a terms of reference for two units of 660 MW each (Stage IV, Phase I).[6] In December 2014 NTPC received a revised terms of reference for a 2 x 800 MW plant.[7]

An EIA was completed in June 2015,[8] and that month NTPC applied for environmental clearance (EC).[9] EC was granted on January 20, 2016.[10]

In February 2016 NTPC said construction would begin soon.[11] However, the October 2016 Broad Status report reported construction would start in March 2017. Commercial operation is planned for 2020-2021.[12]

The foundation stone was laid in August 2016, and in April 2017 concrete work on the coal plant began.[13] In December 2017 boiler erection began on the two units.[14]

Significant rulings

In May 2021, the National Green Tribunal held in abeyance the environmental clearance of the 2 X 800 MW project. NTPC was directed to conduct a slew of fresh studies before it can begin operation of the plant.[15][16]

In July 2021, the Supreme Court of India upheld the National Green Tribunal ruling requiring detailed studies of the environmental impacts of power projects. The most important takeaway from the ruling was that the cumulative impact – i.e. the combined impact of all activities in a given region, including past, present and prospective ones – must be assessed before a new project is approved or during its construction – and not once it has been built. The ruling allowed NTPC to continue construction, but upheld the need for a detailed set of studies. The Supreme Court also directed that the environmental clearance already granted should be kept in abeyance until the mandatory studies are completed and their results have been assessed by an expert committee of the Union environment ministry.[17]

However, in June 2022, the Thermal Expert Appraisal committee recommended the proposal for grant of amendment in environmental clearance for the expansion following additional specific ash pond conditions.[18]

Ramagundam power station Stage V (Telangana Super Thermal Power Station Phase II)

According to a March 2017 report, the NTPC board of directors has approved the feasibility report for TSTPP Phase II (3 x 800 MW).[19]

In May 2019 it was reported that the second phase of Telangana Super Thermal Power Station was on hold. The State Government said it would take an “appropriate decision at the right time” depending on the requirement of power in Telangana and the cost of energy from the plant. According to the statement, the cost of energy from the project would be comparably high since the Government of India had allotted coal from Madakini-B coal block in Odisha to the plant: “As the coal has to be transported for 950 km., the distance between the coal block and the power plant, the cost of power generation would be high,” the officials said.[20]

Coal supply

In September 2015 the coal ministry allocated Mandikini B coal block in Odisha to NTPC for the full 4,000 MW power station.[21]

Public opposition

In May 2015 locals voiced their concerns at the environmental public hearing for the plant conducted by the Telangana State Pollution Control Board. Land oustees of the project – residents of Khajipalli, Mallialpalli, Kundanpalli, Shalapalli, Elkalapali, Medipalli, Laxmipuram, Kannala, Brahmanapalli villages and other adjoining villages - called on NTPC management provide employment to them, saying NTPC had acquired their land 35 years ago and failed to provide employment. They also sought permanent developmental works in their villages such as provision of water, roads, hospitals and other amenities, and urged the NTPC management to accord priority to environmental protection.[22]

Project Details for Stage IV, Phase I expansion

Sponsor: National Thermal Power Corporation
Location: Ramagundam village, Ramagundam taluk, Karimnagar district, Telangana (formerly Andhra Pradesh)
Coordinates: 18.7572, 79.456 (exact) - older units; 18.7510273,79.4721746 (exact) - Stage IV
Status: Construction
Capacity: 1,600 MW (Units 1&2: 800 MW)
Type: Supercritical[8]
Projected in service: 2022-2023[23] Coal Type:
Coal Source: Mandikini B coal block, Odisha
Estimated annual CO2:
Source of financing:
Permits and applications: Terms of Reference, India MoEF, Sep 16, 2014; Revised Terms of Reference, India MoEF, Dec 12, 2014; EIA, NTPC, June 2015; Environmental clearance, India MoEF, Jan 20, 2016

Articles and resources


  1. National Thermal Power Corporation, "Coal Based Power Stations ", National Thermal Power Corporation website, accessed June 2010.
  2. "India’s SCCL stars $190m Adriyala coal mine" Miners Weekly, july 1, 2011.
  3. "2×500 MW for Ramagundam Stage-IV by NTPC Ltd.," Thermal MoEF News, July 1, 2011.
  4. "NTPC seeks to fast track Pudimadaka project," The Hindu Online, Jan 29, 2014.
  5. "NTPC Ready For 4000 MW Plant In Ramagundam; Asks Telangana For Coal," Telangana Talkies, July 8, 2014.
  6. "Terms of Reference," India MoEF, Sep 16, 2014
  7. New Terms of Reference, Stage IV, Units 1 & 2, India MoEF, Dec 12, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 EIA, NTPC, June 2015
  9. Application for form 1," NTPC, June 22, 2015
  10. "Environmental clearance," India MoEF, Jan 20, 2016
  11. "NTPC chairman visits thermal power project site," The Hindu, Feb 19, 2016
  12. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, October 2016
  13. "Telangana: Super Thermal power project launched," The Siasat Daily, Apr 19, 2017
  14. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, December 2017
  15. "Expert Panel Ignored Key Issues in Giving Nod to Telangana’s First Super Thermal Power Project?," News Click, June 8, 2021
  16. "Appeal No.46 of 2016 (SZ)," National Green Tribunal, May 27, 2021
  17. "What the Ramagundam Verdict Portends for Environmental Protection in India," The Wire, August 3, 2021
  18. "26th Thermal EAC Meeting Minutes," MOEF, June 15, 2022
  19. K.M. Dayashankar, "Pace of progress brisk at TPP Ramagundam," The Hindu, 12 March 2017
  20. "NTPC asked to defer phase-II of Telangana power plant," The Hindu, May 19, 2019
  21. Shreya Jai, "NTPC allotted Mandakini B coal block for 4,000-Mw plant," Business Standard, September 19, 2015
  22. "NTPC public hearing passes off smoothly," The Hindu, May 24, 2015
  23. “Broad Status Report of Under Construction Thermal Power Projects,” India Central Electricity Authority, May 2022

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