Mugardos LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Mugardos LNG Terminal, also called the Reganosa Ferrol LNG Terminal, is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Galicia, Spain.


The terminal is located in Mugardos, La Coruña, Galicia, Spain.

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Project Details

  • Owner: Tojeiro Group (51%), Sojitz (15%), Sonatrach (10%), the Government of Galicia (24%)[1]
  • Location: Mugardos, La Coruna, Galicia, Spain
  • Coordinates: 43.4613, -8.2395 (exact)
  • Capacity: 2.6 mtpa[2]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2007

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


Mugardos LNG Terminal is an LNG terminal in Galicia, Spain. It commenced operations in November 2007.[3]

Mugardos LNG Terminal includes two storage tanks, each with a capacity of 150,000 m3, a berth capable of accepting vessels up to 140,000 m3, and two seawater vaporizers, as well as shipping and trucking loading facilities.[3][4][5] The total project cost was approximately €400 million.[5]

Between November 2007 and April 2015, Mugardos LNG Terminal loaded 26,000 trucks and had received 265 LNG carriers, providing 185 unloading operations and 80 loading operations.[6]

In July 2016, Mugardos LNG Terminal received its first shipment of LNG from the United States. [7] The 138,000 m3 capacity Sestao Knutsen delivered its shipment from the Sabine Pass liquefaction terminal in Louisiana.

In April 2017, the LNG terminal received its first Q-Flex carrier, the Al Utoriya, which has a capacity of 216,203 m3.[8]

As of December 2018, Mugardos LNG Terminal was one of Spain's three busiest LNG terminals, along with the Bilbao LNG Terminal and the Huelva LNG Terminal.[9] The trend has continued, with Mugardos operating at 32% of its capacity in 2019, ranking third in the nation behind Bilbao (76%) and Huelva (38%).[10]

In January 2021 terminal operator Reganosa (Regasificadora del Noroeste) announced that 100% of the terminal's electricity needs would be supplied from certified renewable sources starting in 2021.[11]


In June 2012, Spain's Supreme Court ruled in favor of citizens' groups, upholding a 2008 ruling by the Galicia Superior Court, which found that the city impermissibly changed its zoning code before completing an environmental impact statement.[12] The lawsuit was filed by San Esteban Neighbours Association, the Grouping of Ferrol Urban Zone Neighbours Associations and the Cruceiro de Meha.[12]

In response to the Supreme Court ruling, environmental group Ferrol Estuary Citizens Emergency Committee stated, “This ruling confirms, just as we have been arguing, that the Mugardos LNG Terminal is an installation that has been operating illegally for more than four years.”[12] It argued the LNG terminal was a threat to residents and the estuary ecosystem.

Mugardos city officials were expected to quickly issue a revised permit for the Mugardos LNG Terminal, preventing any impact to its operations.[12]

Opposition groups have also cited the low utilization rates among Spain's LNG terminals to call into question the necessity of such extensive LNG infrastructure. According to Food and Water Europe, "Since 2008, all LNG terminals (except for Mugardos) have been expanded and the total regasification capacity has increased by 8%, despite a decline in gas demand...even though the utilisation rate of Spain’s LNG regasification capacity was at only ~23% on average between January 2012 and March 2019, same as the low EU average during the same time period! The need to have so much LNG regasification capacity is questionable and best illustrated with the El Musel LNG Terminal (7bcm/y and a 300,000m³ storage capacity) which was completed in 2012 and then directly put into 'hibernation', 'until demand picks up'. The terminal has not been used since then. Despite large under-utilization, Spain was the 5th biggest LNG importer with the 5th biggest liquefaction capacities worldwide in 2018, and for both cases number 1 in Europe (followed by France). Since at least 2016, Spain repeatedly imported cargoes of fracked US gas through its LNG terminals."[13]

Expansion Projects

There are three proposed projects with operational start dates in 2020, 2022, and 2023. Only the third project will expand the gas processing capacity of the terminal.[14]

Expansion Project Details

  • Owner: Endesa (21%), Gasifica (21%), Tojeiro Group (18%), Sonatrach (10%), the Galician government (10%), Caixa Galicia (10%), Banco Pastor (5%), Caixanova (5%)
  • Location: Mugardos, La Coruna, Galicia, Spain
  • Coordinates: 43.4613, -8.2395 (exact)
  • Capacity: 3.6 bcm/y[14]
  • Status: Proposed
  • Type: Import
  • FID Status: Pre-FID[15]
  • Start Year: 2023

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Articles and resources


  1. Sojitz buys Spanish LNG terminal owner, Riviera Maritime Media, Oct. 30, 2017
  2. 2019 World Gas Report International Gas Union, accessed August 2019
  3. 3.0 3.1 LNG Terminal, Reganosa, accessed August 2017
  4. Reganosa Ferrol LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, 10 Jun. 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 Reganosa LNG Terminal - La Coruna - Spain, Tractebel Gas Engineering GMbH, accessed August 2017
  6. LNG Market in Spain, Spring Seminar of the Finnish Gas Association, 23 Apr. 2015.
  7. Spain receives at Reganosa's Terminal the first ship with LNG from US, Reganosa, 22 Jul. 2016
  8. Mugardos LNG terminal to receive first Q-Flex carrier, LNG World News, 21 Apr. 2017
  9. "La regasificadora de Sagunto alcanza un mínimo de utilización del 0% tras una inversión de 500 millones". El Diario. December 25, 2018.
  10. "La terminal de GNL de Mugardos es la tercera más utilizada del sistema español en 2019 | Revista Ingeniería Naval". Sector Marítimo. January 17, 2020.
  11. "Reganosa's Mugardos LNG terminal to run on green power". LNG Industry. January 6, 2021.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Short-lived victory in Reganosa court fight, Trade Winds, 8 Jun. 2012
  13. Spain Food and Water Europe, accessed December 6, 2019
  14. 14.0 14.1 LNG Database Gas Infrastructure Europe, accessed December 6, 2019
  15. TYNDP - Annex A - Projects Tables ENTSOG, accessed February 4, 2021

Related articles

External resources

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