Republika power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Republika power station is a 105-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Pernik Province, Bulgaria.


The map below shows the location of the power station in Pernik Province, Bulgaria.

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The Republika power station (also known as TPP Republika) began operating in 1951 and is currently Europe's oldest functioning coal plant. The fifth generator (the only still running on coal) has undergone two reconstructions; the first in 2007, and the second in 2012, when an earthquake caused the chimney to partially collapse.[1] Reconstruction in 2012 cost €6.5 million. In 2021, Toplofikacia Pernik Ead, the plant's owner, announced it would invest €4.1 million to convert the plant to run partially to natural gas. The switch will begin the summer of 2021 with the installation of three gas cogeneration units, which will have a combined capacity of 21 MW.[2]

Pollution Concerns & Citizen Action

In 2019, Greenpeace activists from Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Hungary hosted a demonstration at the Republika power plant. They turned the facility into a 'museum' and hung banners with slogans emphasizing on the phase-out of fossil fuels.[3] While they generate more than 40% of the country's electricity, Bulgaria's coal-fueled power plants (of which there are only 8 remaining) emit one-third of the country's total CO2 emissions.[4]

In March 2020, it was revealed that the Bulgarian government was covertly allowing three coal power plants (Bodov Dol, Brikel, and Republika) to burn huge amounts of waste with coal illegally. Pressure from citizens in the area, who were suffering from increased air pollution, quickly arose and civic groups such as ClientEarth and Za Zemiata Access to Justice turned to the European Commission to seek compensation for affected citizens and close down these operations. Citizens organized protests and demonstrations at Bodov Bol and Brikel.[5]

In May 2020, one of Republika's ash ponds burst and released a flood of water which large amounts of coal slag. The wastewater spread to over nine hectares and caused the evacuation of nearby neighborhoods. Greenpeace Bulgaria staged a protest in July in one of the football fields previously covered by the contaminated water.[6]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Toplofikacia Pernik Ead
  • Parent company: Bingham Management
  • Location: Pernik Province, Bulgaria
  • Coordinates: 42.6071, 23.0787 (exact)
  • Coal type: Lignite
  • Coal source:
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 105 MW
    • Unit 5: Coal-fired subcritical, 105 MW (start-up in 1951)

Articles and Resources


  1. (2007-01-30). "ТЕЦ "Република" започна реконструкция на най-мощния си парогенератор". Dnevnik (in български). Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  2. Petrova, Aleksia (February 5, 2021). "Bulgaria's TPP Republika to partially switch to nat gas via 4 mln euro investment - report". SeeNews. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  3. "Greenpeace - Europe's Oldest Operational Coal Power Plant Becomes a "Museum" Web Video (Bulgarian)". Greenpeace Media. October 13, 2019. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  4. "Bulgaria: The Roma community that got trapped in a coal pit | Minority Rights Group". Minority Rights Group. 2019. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  5. Doyle, Dominique (2020-03-02). "Challenging Bulgarian coal plants' new waste burning obsession". Euractiv. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  6. Todorovic, Igor (2020-08-20). "Greenpeace demands coal phaseout in Bulgaria by 2030". Balkan Green Energy News. Retrieved 2021-05-21.

Wikipedia also has an article on the Republika Power Station. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.