Rockies Express Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Rockies Express Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline system.

Location

The pipeline runs from from the Rocky Mountains of Colorado to eastern Ohio.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Tallgrass Energy, Phillips 66, Sempra Energy, ConocoPhillips
  • Parent Company: Kinder Morgan Energy Partners (51.00%), Sempra Energy (25.00%), ConocoPhillips (24.00%)[1]
  • Capacity: 3,600 million cubic feet per day
  • Length: 1,679 miles / 2,902 km
  • Status: Operating
  • Cost: US$1.3 billion[1]
  • Start Year: 2009

Background

The pipeline system consists of three sections running through eight states.[2][3] It is one of the largest natural gas pipelines ever built in North America.[4][5][6]

The final section of the pipeline was completed on 12 November 2009.[7]

The pipeline raised capital for 'ongoing activities' via a US$550 million bond issue in April 2019, arranged by Barclays, MUFG, Royal Bank of Canada, PNC Bank and TD Securities,[8] and via a US$400 million bond issue in January 2020, arranged by Bank of America, Capital One Bank, Citizens Bank, Credit Suisse, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, MUFG, Scotiabank, Wells Fargo and US Bancorp.[9]

Technical description

The diameter of the 1,679 mile-long pipeline system varies between 36 and 42 inches (910 and 1,070 mm), being primarily 42 inches (1,100 mm).[7] The capacity of the pipeline is 3.6 billion cubic feet per day (37 billion cubic metres per annum). Itoperates at a maximum allowable operating pressure of 1,480 pounds psi. The initial cost of the pipeline was around US$5billion.[2][10][11]

REX — Entrega (Zone 1)

REX — Entrega is the 328 mile-long former Entrega Pipeline between the Meeker Hub in Rio Blanco County, Colorado, and the Cheyenne Hub in Weld County, Colorado. Construction of this pipeline was authorized in August 2005.[12] The pipeline project was acquired by Rockies Express Pipeline, LLC in February 2006. The 136 mile-long segment from the Meeker Hub to the Wamsutter Hub in Sweetwater County, Wyoming, is a 36-mile pipeline, which has been in service since February 2006. The 192 mile-long segment from the Wamsutter Hub to the Cheyenne Hub in Weld County, Colorado, is a 36-inch pipeline, which has been in service since February 2007.[13]

REX — West (Zone 2)

REX — West is a 713 mile-long 42-inch pipeline from Weld County, Colorado, to Audrain County, Missouri.[13] It has a 5 mile-long 24-inch branch connecting pipeline with the Williams Companies|Williams Energy owned Echo Springs Processing Plant.

On 31 May 2006, the Rockies Express Pipeline filed an application to construct and operate this section. The construction approval was issued by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) on 20 April 2007.[14] The first 503 mile-long segment of this pipeline was commissioned on 27 December 2007, and the second 214 mile-long segment was commissioned on 16 May 2008. It is in full service since 16 May 2008.[12][15]

REX — East (Zone 3)

REX — East is a 683 mile-long 42-inch pipeline from Audrain County, Missouri, to Clarington, Ohio|Clarington in Monroe County, Ohio.[13] The Rockies Express Pipeline filed an application to construct and operate this section on 30 April 2007 and the FERC issued approval on 30 May 2008.[12][16]

In June 2014, REX placed the Seneca Lateral into initial service and in January 2015, the Seneca Lateral was placed into full service with the ability to move approximately 0.6 billion cubic feet per day onto the REX mainline in Zone 3. On August 1, 2015, REX placed its Zone 3 East-to-West Project into service, making Zone 3 of the mainline fully bi-directional with the ability to move approximately 1.8 billion cubic feet per day of Appalachian production to Midcontinent markets.Template:Cn

The diameter of the 1,679 mile-long pipeline system varies between 36 inches and 42 inches, being primarily 42 inches}.[12]The capacity of the pipeline is 3.6 billion cubic feet per day. The initial cost of the pipeline was around US$5 billion.[1][8][9]

REX has filed with FERC for a 0.8 billion cubic feet per day expansion of its Zone 3 east-to-west capacity, via compression additions. This project is anticipated to be completed in Q4 2016.

Partnership

The pipeline is operated by Rockies Express Pipeline, LLC, a partnership between Tallgrass Energy Partners, Phillips 66 and Sempra Energy.[17] In February 2006, Kinder Morgan Energy Partners and Sempra Energy acquired Entrega Gas Pipeline Inc., from EnCana Corporation.[10] In June 2006, ConocoPhillips acquired 24% of the project.[18] ConocoPhillips spun off the downstream part of its business in May 2012.

Environmental concerns

The pipeline project has raised some environmental concerns. Ohio officials have asked to avoid crossing the Big Darby Creek in Pickaway County, Ohio|Pickaway County and the Little Miami River in Warren County, Ohio|Warren County within Caesar Creek State Park because of the risk of harming fish and other wildlife posed by drilling the pipeline beneath the rivers.[3]

A Lawsuit by American Energy Corporation was filed against REX over the disruption of coal mine owned by AEC beneath REX. In light of past pipeline accidents, where subsiding abandoned mines have caused pipelines to fail, the wisdom of the location of that part of the REX pipeline is of concern to pipeline industry critics.

Expansion Project

The Cheyenne Hub Enhancement Expansion, an natural gas transportation capacity expansion to the Rockies Express Gas Pipeline (REX), applied for approval with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FER) in 2019. It will effect capacity in Colorado, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, and Illinois adding additional west-to-east capacity on REX in conjunction with the larger Cheyenne Hub Enhancement Project.[19]

Expansion Project Details

  • Operator: Rockies Express Pipeline LLC[19]
  • Parent Company:
  • Capacity: 1,000 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d)[19]
  • Length:
  • Diameter:
  • Cost: US$185 million[19]
  • Status: Operating[20]
  • Start Year: 2020[19]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Asset Data, IJGlobal, accessed Aug. 27, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tallon, Mary (2008-07-25). "Ill. County Board Unanimously Okays Pipeline Resolution". Herald & Review. Retrieved 2008-07-28 – via Downstream Today.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lane, Mary Beth (2008-07-06). "Rockies Express East Must Avoid Creek, Park - Ohio Officials". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2008-07-28 – via Downstream Today.
  4. "Kinder Morgan Energy Partners and Sempra Pipelines & Storage begin open season for Rockies Express Pipeline projects" (PDF). Kinder Morgan Energy Partners. 2005-11-09. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 3, 2009. Retrieved 2008-07-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "Rockies Express Gets OK to Proceed with Entrega Portion of Project". Rigzone. 2006-08-08. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  6. Moustakis, Eileen (2007-11-16). "Dominion sets open season for Rocky Mountain natgas". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  7. Smith, Christopher E. (2009-11-13). "Final leg of Rockies Express line enters service". Oil & Gas Journal. PennWell Corporation. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  8. "Rockies Express Pipeline Bond Facility 2019", IJGlobal, accessed Sep. 17, 2020
  9. "Rockies Express Pipeline Bond Facility 2020", IJGlobal, accessed Sep. 17, 2020
  10. 10.0 10.1 Lusvardi, Chris (2008-07-21). "Rockies Express Construction Hits Union Snag". Herald & Review. Retrieved 2008-07-28 – via Downstream Today.
  11. Davis, Ann (2009-10-03). "Huge Pipeline Delivers Bonanza to Towns on Route". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 "FERC Authorizes REX-East". Downstream Today. 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "Segment of Rockies Express natgas line begins service". Reuters. 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  14. "FERC Gives Nod to Rockies Express Pipeline". Downstream Today. 2007-05-20. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  15. "Rockies Express begins US section service". Upstream Online. NHST Media Group. 2008-05-19. Retrieved 2008-07-28. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  16. Doggett, Tom (2008-05-30). "FERC oks pipeline to move Rocky Mountain natgas". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  17. Sweet, Cassandra (2008-06-16). "Sempra To Acquire Stake In Williams-TransCanada Gas Pipeline". Downstream Today. Dow Jones Newswires. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  18. "ConocoPhillips Completes Rockies Express Acquisition". Rigzone. 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 Natural Gas Data, Pipeline Projects Energy Information Agency, accessed July 21, 2020
  20. Elizabeth Corner, EIA: US natural gas capacity update for first half of 2020, World Pipelines, Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Rockies Express Pipeline (Rockies Express Pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].'