Ruby Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Ruby Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline.[1]


The pipeline runs from Opal, Wyoming, to Malin, Oregon.[1]

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Project Details

  • Owners: Global Infrastructure Partners (50.00%), Kinder Morgan Energy Partners (50.00%)[2]
  • Capacity: 1,500 million cubic feet per day[3]
  • Length: 680 miles / 1,094 km[3]
  • Diameter: 42-inches[3]
  • Cost: US$3 billion[3]
  • Status: Operating[3]
  • Start Year: 2011[3]


Ruby Pipeline, owned and operated by Kinder Morgan, is a 680-mile, 42-inch diameter pipeline system that extends from Wyoming to Oregon providing natural gas supplies from the major Rocky Mountain basins to consumers in California, Nevada and the Pacific Northwest.[4] The project began in 2010, and was completed by July 28, 2011.[5] The project, which traverses 368 miles of Federally-owned land, was given a signed Record of Decision and Right-of-Way-Grant by the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management.[6]

The pipeline's route meant the project would cross sensitive sagebrush plains and approximately 1,000 various types of waterways. The Center for Biological Diversity and the Summit Lake Paiute Tribe attempted to stop the pipeline's construction in the courts due its impact on endangered fish and sacred lands.[7] The 9th Circuit ultimately ruled that the environmental assessment by the Federal Fish and Wildlife Service on the pipeline's effect upon nine listed fish species and five designated critical habitats was improperly conducted. While the court did rule against BLM and the FWS, it said the consequences for Kinder Morgan if the company did not carry out a new conservation plan would fall on FERC and the Bureau of Land Management.[8] Despite the court's ruling, the pipeline continued to run and the Bureau of Land Management ultimately reauthorized the project in 2013. The FWS also conducted a new analysis, which found similar results to its flawed original analysis. Environmentalists were unsatisfied with the Bureau of Land Management's reauthorization and were also critical of Kinder Morgan's lack of mitigation to the environmental damage inflicted on acres of sage grouse habitat along the pipeline route.[9]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Ruby Gas Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
  2. Asset Data, IJGlobal, accessed Aug. 27, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Natural Gas Data, Pipeline Projects Energy Information Agency, July 21, 2020
  4. Ruby Gas Pipeline, Kinder Morgan, accessed January 2018
  5. Ruby Pipeline ramps up rapidly to supply natural gas to Northern California, U.S. Energy Information Administration, September 23, 2011
  6. Ruby Pipeline Natural Gas Project, Bureau of Land Management, accessed January, 2018
  7. A pipeline built years ago may start to export Rocky Mountain gas to Asia, High Country News, April 14, 2014
  8. Annie Youderian, FWS Told to Reconsider Pipeline’s Impact on Fish, Courthouse News, October 22, 2012
  9. Scott Streater, BLM reauthorizes completed Wyo.-to-Ore. pipeline without new mitigation, E&E News, November 20, 2013

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