Sangachal LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Sangachal LNG Terminal is an operating LNG terminal in Sanqaçal, Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea. It also processes oil.[1]


The terminal is in Sanqaçal, Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea.[1]

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Project Details

  • Owner: BP[1]
  • Location: Sanqaçal, Azerbaijan[1]
  • Coordinates: 40.201262, 49.48127 (exact)[1]
  • Capacity: 1.25 billion cubic feet per day (bcf/d)[1]
  • Status: Operating[1]
  • Type: Export[1]
  • Start Year:

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


The Sangachal Terminal is an industrial complex consisting of a natural gas processing plant and oil production plant, located on the coast of the Caspian Sea 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Baku, Azerbaijan. Construction of the terminal began in 1996. Oil was first exported in October 1997.[1]

The terminal has since been expanded to include the ACG Phase 1, Phase 2, Phase 3 Oil Trains, BTC's main pumping station and the Shah Deniz gas plant. Facilities at the oil production plant include separators, coalescers, three new crude oil storage tanks, Export Pumps, gas turbine power generators and a central control room.[1]

The terminal is operated by a BP led consortium and is one of the largest oil and gas facilities in the world. Other partners are from AIOC, Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, Shah Deniz and South Caucasus Pipeline projects. The terminal receives oil from the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli field and natural gas from the Shah Deniz gas field.[1]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Sangachal Terminal Wikipedia, accessed May 6, 2021

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