Saryarka Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
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Saryarka Gas Pipeline (also referred to as the Saryarqa Gas Pipeline; Russian: Магистральный газопровод "Сарыарка"; Kazakh: "Сарыарқа") is an operating gas pipeline in Kazakhstan[1] with three additional proposed expansion phases.[2]

Location

The operating pipeline starts in Karaozek, Kyzylorda Region, Kazakhstan, and runs by Zhezkazgan, Temirtau, to Astana (renamed to Nur-Sultan), Kazakhstan.[1] When complete, the gas pipeline will run along the route Kyzylorda - Zhezkazgan - Karaganda - Temirtau - Astana - Kokshetau-Petropavlovsk.[2][3]

Phase I

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Phase II

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Phase III

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Project details

Phase I

  • Operator: AstanaGaz KMG JSC[4][5]
  • Parent company: Samruk-Kazyna JSC[6][7]
  • Capacity: 2.2 bcm/year[8]
  • Length: 1,061 km[9]
  • Diameter: 820 mm / 32.28 inches[10]
  • Status: Operating[9]
  • Start year: 2020[9]
  • Cost: USD $867.63 million[2]
  • Financing: Samruk Kazyna Sovereign Wealth Fund,[7] Baiterek National Management Holding,[11] Unified National Pension Fund JSC[2], Eurasian Development Bank,[11] Kazakhstan Development Bank JSC[4][5]
  • Associated infrastructure:

Phase II

  • Operator: AstanaGaz KMG JSC[4][5]
  • Parent company: Samruk-Kazyna JSC[12][7]
  • Capacity: 2.2 bcm/year[13]
  • Length: 276 km[2]
  • Diameter: 820 mm / 32.28 inches[10]
  • Status: Proposed[2]
  • Start year:
  • Cost: USD $113.03 million[2]
  • Financing: Samruk Kazyna Sovereign Wealth Fund,[7] Baiterek National Management Holding,[11] Unified National Pension Fund JSC[2], Eurasian Development Bank,[11] Kazakhstan Development Bank JSC[4][5]
  • Associated infrastructure:

Phase III

  • Operator: AstanaGaz KMG JSC[4][5]
  • Parent company: Samruk-Kazyna JSC[14][7]
  • Capacity: 2.2 bcm/year[15]
  • Length: 177 km[2]
  • Diameter: 820 mm / 32.28 inches[10]
  • Status: Proposed[2]
  • Start year:
  • Cost: USD $44.32 million[2]
  • Financing: Samruk Kazyna Sovereign Wealth Fund,[7] Baiterek National Management Holding,[11] Unified National Pension Fund JSC[2], Eurasian Development Bank,[11] Kazakhstan Development Bank JSC[4][5]
  • Associated infrastructure:

Phase IV

  • Operator: AstanaGaz KMG JSC[4][5]
  • Parent company: Samruk-Kazyna JSC[16][7]
  • Capacity: 3 bcm/year (additional 0.8 bcm/year)[17]
  • Length: Capacity expansion only[2]
  • Status: Proposed[2]
  • Start year:
  • Cost: USD $83.25 million[2]
  • Financing: Samruk Kazyna Sovereign Wealth Fund,[7] Baiterek National Management Holding,[11] Unified National Pension Fund JSC[2], Eurasian Development Bank,[11] Kazakhstan Development Bank JSC[4][5]
  • Associated infrastructure: Zhezkazgan and Temirtau compressor stations[2]

Background

The project is proposed to be implemented in four phases. According to the feasibility study, the total cost of the project is 370 billion tenge (USD $867.63 million). The gas pipeline route will run along the route Kyzylorda - Zhezkazgan - Karaganda - Temirtau - Astana - Kokshetau-Petropavlovsk.[2]

  • Phase I will take place along the route Kyzylorda - Zhezkazgan - Karaganda - Temirtau - Astana, with the length of 1,061.3 km. The cost is reportedly 267.3 billion tenge (USD $626.80 million).[2] This section of the gas pipeline will provide natural gas to the population of the cities of Astana, Karaganda, Temirtau, Zhezkazgan and nearby settlements along the route of the main gas pipeline.[2]
  • Phase II. At the second stage, the construction of the Astana-Kokshetau gas pipeline worth 48.2 billion tenge (USD $113.03 million), with a length of 276 km, is envisaged, which will allow gasification of the Akmola region, including Kokshetau and the Shchuchinsko-Borovsk resort zone.[2]
  • Phase III. At the third stage, it is planned to build the main gas pipeline Kokshetau-Petropavlovsk worth 18.9 billion tenge (USD $44.32 million), with a length of 177 km, which will allow gasification of the northern region of the country.[2]
  • Phase IV. At the 4th stage, taking into account the projected increase in gas consumption from this gas pipeline, it is planned to build the Zhezkazgan and Temirtau compressor stations worth 35.5 billion tenge (USD $83.25 million) to increase the throughput of the main gas pipeline to 3 bcm/year.[2]


The pipeline will be supplied by gas from the Beineu-Bozoy-Shymkent Gas Pipeline[10]

As of November 2020, the Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nurlan Nogayev stated that construction of Phase II and III of the pipeline is still being planned.[18][19]

Financing

To implement the project, the company AstanaGaz KMG was created. Its shareholders are Samruk-Kazyna Sovereign Wealth Fund and Baiterek National Management Holding. The financing scheme and conditions were approved by the State Commission for the Modernization of the Economy in August 2018. 80.3 billion tenge were provided through the formation of the authorized capital of the project company AstanaGaz KMG JSC, 85 billion tenge are a bond loan of Unified National Pension Fund JSC and 102 billion tenge are a bond loan of the Eurasian Development Bank and Kazakhstan Development Bank JSC. The general contractor for the construction is KazStroyService.[4][5]

Environmental concerns

The pipeline is constructed on the Kazakh Uplands, also known as SaryArga, or "yellow ridge" in Kazakh, a steppe in central Kazakhstan with small hills. On this territory, there are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Korgalzhyn and Naurzum nature reserves. The wetlands of nature reserves may be affected by the construction of the pipeline. This is a resting place for the red-breasted goose and 13 other threatened birds included in the IUCN Red List.[20]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "About the project". Saryarqa. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 "Строительство газопровода Сарыарка пройдет в 4 этапа". Kapital.kz. Dec 11, 2018. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  3. tengrinews.kz (2019-08-23). "Газопровод "Сарыарка" доведут до столицы в октябре". Главные новости Казахстана - Tengrinews.kz (in русский). Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 "Saryarka gas pipeline to be completed Dec. 31 in Kazakhstan". Aki Press. Nov 21, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 "Saryarqa gas pipeline construction in Nur-Sultan to be completed in December". The Astana Times. Dec 6, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  6. "Connection Has Been Achieved. Implementation of 'Saryarka' Gas Pipeline Phase One Has Been Completed". Baiterek.gov.kz. Nov 10, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 "About SK". Samruk Kazyna. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  8. "Kazakhstan energy profile". IEA. 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Kazakh government commissions Saryarka gas pipeline". The Astana Times. Jan 13, 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "Магистральный газопровод «Сарыарка»". Chelpipe.ru. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 "Eurasian Development Bank to provide 102 billion tenge to build Saryarka gas pipeline". The Astana Times. May 4, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  12. "Connection Has Been Achieved. Implementation of 'Saryarka' Gas Pipeline Phase One Has Been Completed". Baiterek.gov.kz. Nov 10, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  13. "Kazakhstan energy profile". IEA. 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  14. "Connection Has Been Achieved. Implementation of 'Saryarka' Gas Pipeline Phase One Has Been Completed". Baiterek.gov.kz. Nov 10, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  15. "Kazakhstan energy profile". IEA. 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  16. "Connection Has Been Achieved. Implementation of 'Saryarka' Gas Pipeline Phase One Has Been Completed". Baiterek.gov.kz. Nov 10, 2019. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  17. "Kazakhstan energy profile". IEA. 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  18. "Газопровод «Сарыарка»: на каком этапе строительство газораспределительных сетей". Kazinform. Nov 24, 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  19. "Как будут проводить газ в восемь регионов Казахстана". Zakon.kz. Nov 24, 2020. Retrieved Sep 7, 2021.
  20. "Казахстан нашел инвестора для газопровода Сарыарка, несмотря на экологические риски". Neftegaz.ru. Jul 11, 2018. Retrieved Sep 8, 2021.

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