Skanled Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Skanled Gas Pipeline was a proposed natural gas pipeline.
The proposed pipeline would run from Kårstø, Norway through Rafnes, Norway, Lysekil and Vallby Kile, Sweden to Bua, Sweden and Jutand, Denmark.
- Operator: Gassco
- Parent Company: Petoro, Statkraft, E.ON, PGNiG, Verbundnetz Gas AG (VNG), Government of Denmark
- Current capacity:
- Proposed capacity: 7 billion cubic meters per year
- Length: 530 miles / 853 kilometers
- Status: Cancelled
- Start Year:
Skanled was a planned natural gas offshore pipeline connecting Norway to Sweden and Denmark.
The submarine pipeline was to start at the Kårstø natural gas processing plant in western Norway, where it was to be connected with the Europipe II. It was to run to eastern Norway, western Sweden and Denmark with exit points in Rafnes (Norway), Lysekil, Vallby Kile, Bua (Sweden) and Jutland (Denmark). It consisted of:
- A 24-in (610-mm) or 26-in (660-mm) gas pipeline from Kårstø to Rafnes
- Ethane injection facilities at Kårstø
- Ethane extraction facilities at Rafnes
- A 20-in (510-mm) or 22-in (560-mm) gas pipeline from Rafnes with branches to pressure reduction stations in Sweden and Denmark.
As part of the project, the pipeline was to transport ethane, which would be injected into the natural gas at Kårstø and transported with it to Rafnes, where it would separated and extracted from the gas. The separation facilities at Rafnes and the installations downstream the reduction stations in Sweden and Denmark were not part of the project.
The originally planned capacity of the pipeline was 6 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year. The plans were upgraded to 7 bcm. The likelihood of greater future demand from Denmark and Poland, which plan to connect Skanled through Denmark with another planned pipeline, the Baltic Pipe between Denmark and Poland, may lead to widen the diameter of the pipe from the initial design.
The final investment decision depended on decisions by Yara International and Ineos, major potential consumers of gas provided by Skanled. In April 2009, the Skanled Project Group announced that they had decided to suspend the project "due to increased commercial risk combined with the global economic developments that have given an uncertain view on future gas demand."
The IKM Gruppen was selected for design activities related to the pipeline system with associated subsea structures, landfalls, and receiving and metering stations.
The project was developed by the Skanled Project Group. Shareholders of the consortium were:
Articles and resources
- Skanled, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
- "Polish Oil and Gas Company Joins SKANLED Consortium". Rigzone. PGNiG. 2007-06-22. Retrieved 2007-09-15.
- "Information concerning the planning of Skanled gas pipeline" (PDF). Energinet.dk. June 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2007-09-15.
- Herron, James (2007-09-07). "Expansion Likely on Norway-Denmark Gas Pipeline". Downstream Today. Dow Jones Newswires. Retrieved 2007-09-15.
- "Skanled contract for IKM Gruppen". Gassco. 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Moskwa, Wojciech (2009-03-17). "Norway Gas Pipeline Plan Hit By Yara Pullout". Downstream Today. Reuters. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Wojciech Moskwa (2009-01-05). "Ineos doubts risk Norway gas pipeline plans-paper". Forbes. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Skanled project suspended, The Skanled Project Group, Apr. 29, 2009
- "Norway's Petoro Taking Up To 30% In Skanled". Downstream Today. AFX News Limited. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Moskwa, Wojciech (2009-03-17). "Dutch Gasunie joins Skanled pipeline project". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Skanled Group invites Gasunie to aid in Skanled project investment decision". Offshore. PennWell Corporation. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
Related GEM.wiki articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Skanled (Skanled). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].