Skawina power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Skawina power station is a 330-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Kraków, Małopolskie Province, Poland.[1]

Location

The map below shows the location of the power station in Kraków, Małopolskie Province, Poland.

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Background

The Skawina power station is a cogeneration plant that supplies electricity and heating to Skawina and the nearby city of Kraków, Poland.[1] It began operating in 1957; in 2017, Units 1, 2, and 6, which were collectively called "Skawinka," were retired and replaced with a 0.9 MW hydroelectric power plant, named "Skawinka II", which was scheduled to begin operating in 2020. Another 0.855 MW hydroelectric power plant named Borek Szlachecki also operates adjacent to the Skawina coal power plant.[2] Currently, the Skawina power plant is the second largest provider of heat to Krakow and Skawina.[3]

In 2006, the ČEZ Group bought a 75% share in Skawina from the American concern PSEG, making it the majority stakeholder and operator.[1]

In 2020, the ČEZ announced its intentions to sell five companies in Poland, including the Skawina power station, in an attempt to meet their carbon emission targets. This divestment effort is led by ING Bank.[3]

Emissions Controls

In 1993, Skawina was one of the first units to be installed with an advanced flue gas desulfurization unit in Poland. This advanced flue gas desulfurization (FGD) unit was primarily developed by the U.S. Department of Energy to help reduce emissions from power plants in Eastern Europe.[4]

In 2007, the ČEZ Group announced that it would be investing in a second renovation of the desulfurization equipment in the Skawina power plant, which would potentially reduce sulphur oxide emissions by 92%.[5] However, according to a 2017 Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis report, Skawina is still a significant polluter of nitrous oxides and sulfurous oxides.[6]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: ČEZ Polska Sp zoo
  • Parent company: CEZ Group
  • Location: Kraków, Małopolskie Province, Poland
  • Coordinates: 49.9774, 19.8051 (exact)
  • Coal type: Bituminous
  • Coal source: Unknown
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 330 MW
    • Unit 3: Coal-fired subcritical, 110 MW (start-up in 1961)
    • Unit 4: Coal-fired subcritical, 110 MW (start-up in 1961)
    • Unit 5: Coal-fired subcritical, 110 MW (start-up in 1961)
  • Gross generating capacity (retired): 210 MW
    • Unit 1: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1957)
    • Unit 2: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1957)
    • Unit 6: Coal-fired subcritical, 110 MW (start-up in 1961)

Articles and Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Skawina CHP Coal Power Plant Poland - GEO". globalenergyobservatory.org. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  2. "CEZ Group in Poland". CEZ Group. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Balasta, Selene (2020-09-16). "CEZ Group starts divestment process for Polish assets". S&P Global. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  4. SELTZER, RICHARD (1993-12-20). "U.S. unit to cut sulfur pollution at Polish plant". Chemical & Engineering News Archive. 71 (51): 17–18. doi:10.1021/cen-v071n051.p017a. ISSN 0009-2347.
  5. "THE ČEZ GROUP INVESTS IN THE SECOND STAGE OF DESULPHURISATION OF THE POWER PLANT SKAWINA IN POLAND. EMISSIONS OF SULPHUR OXIDE WILL DECREASE BY 92%". CEZ Group. 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  6. Wynn, Gerard (2017). "Europe's Coal-Fired Power Plants: Rough Times Ahead" (PDF). Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis. Retrieved 2021-06-28.