Soma Kolin power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Soma Kolin power station, previously known as the Kolin Yırca power station, is a 510-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Manisa province, Turkey.


The undated satellite photo below shows the plant in Soma, Manisa province.

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Background on plant

In 2012, Hidro-Gen Enerji (a subsidiary of the Kolin Group) won a TKI auction for a $1.6-billion project to build a coal mine and a 460-MW mine-to-mouth coal-fired power plant in Manisa province.[1][2][3]

In October 2012, Reuters reported that financing for Soma Kolin was to be provided by unspecified Turkish banks.[4]

In January 2013, it was announced that the plant would be built on the site of Deniş, a 400-year-old village with 265 residents, which would be relocated as part of the project's cost. Residents expressed anger about the plan.[5] In July 2013, the chairman of Kolin Construction met with local political officials in Soma to discuss the project, and move it forward.[6]

In January 2014, the EPDK gave Kolin the preliminary environmental permit for the project; Kolin contracted Chinese company Harbin Power Equipment to build the plant.[7] The project broke ground in March 2014, with Energy Minister Taner Yildiz laying the plant's cornerstone.[8][9]

On October 21, 2014, Yirca villagers and Greenpeace Mediterranean activists were attacked for trying to prevent construction of the power station, including the cutting down of 6,000 olive trees. On November 7, a Turkish court ruled the company's attempt to expropriate the land for the power station was without legal basis, stating that Turkey's national olive grove protection law forbids the company from building at the proposed site. The court also ruled that the decision cannot be appealed under current regulations. Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bülent Arinç said the country "cannot forsake the environment for the rules of wild capitalism", adding that "while the country needs energy, it also needs the trees."[10]

In April 2015 it was announced that the proposed power station would be constructed at a new site somewhere in between Türkpiyale and Kayrakaltı, about 15 kilometers away from Yırca. The Kolin Group was awaiting approval from authorities for the site change. The same article reported that the Kolin Group had been tipped off that the originally proposed construction site would be ruled unsuitable for construction, but had torn down the olive trees anyway. A new EIA is needed for construction at the new site.[11]

In October 2015 the project was issued a new production license.[12]

Based on satellite imagery from Planet, construction began before 2016 at the new location of Türkpiyala village. The power station is planned for operation in 2018. It is reported to be 2 x 255 MW.[13][14] In January 2018 a construction worker was killed in an accident.[15] The company claims the plant will meet the 2020 emission norms of the EU.[16]

In April 2018, a dispute between Kolin and Efor Industrial, a subcontractor on the project, resulted in the dismissal of two thousand subcontract workers.[17]

In January 2019 Unit 1 entered commercial operation.[18] In June 2019 Unit 2 entered commercial operation.[19]

In May 2022, it was announced that a 76.5 MW solar array would be developed at the site of the Soma Kolin plant. The addition would bring the facility to 586.5 MW of total energy generation.[20]

Construction accidents

The construction of the plant has been marked by a series of fatal accidents. On August 1, 2017, a worker named Yasin Adsiz suffered a fatal fall; on November 6, 2017, 18-year-old Mehmet Doğru fell to his death from a high of 15 meters. On January 26, 2018, a worker was killed and another worker was injured in an accident involving scaffolding and iron pilings.[17]

Workers protest

In March 2019 workers at the plant complained about health and safety problems at the plant, including unsanitary food and living conditions.[21]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Hidro-Gen Enerji
  • Parent company: Kolin Group
  • Location: Türkpiyala village, Soma, Soma district, Manisa province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 39.3166082, 27.7488988 (exact)
  • Status: Unit 1: Operating; Unit 2: Operating
  • Gross capacity: 510 MW (Units 1 & 2: 255 MW)
  • Type: CFB
  • In service: 2019
  • Coal type: Lignite,[9] 1600 kcal/kg with 43% ash and 23% moisture[22]
  • Coal source: Manisa Soma coal mine, Turkey[9]
  • Source of financing: Unspecified Turkish banks[4]

Articles and resources


  1. Kolin Grubu'ndan Soma'ya 1 milyar dolarlık santral, Star Gazete, Oct. 8, 2012.
  2. Soma Kolin Termik Enerji Santrali, Kara Atlas, accessed May 2014.
  3. "SOMA KOLİN TERMİK," 3.10.2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 Turkey's Kolin to invest $1 bln in coal power plant, Reuters, Oct 8, 2012.
  5. 400 asırlık köy haritadan silinecek, Akşan, Jan. 30, 2013.
  6. Termik Santral'in Temeli Mart Ayında Atılacak, Karaelmas Gazetesi, July 17, 2013.
  7. Kolin'in Soma Termik Santrali için önlisans, Enerji Günlüğü, Jan. 21, 2014.
  8. Kolin Soma Termik Santrali'nin temeli atıldı, Enerji Günlüğü, Mar. 19, 2014.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Soma Kolin Termik Santrali Temel Atma Töreni, Haberler, Mar. 19, 2014.
  10. Deniz Bayram, "Sadness turns to joy as Turkish coal project halted," Greenpeace, November 12, 2014
  11. "Yırca Village Ecstatic At Kolin Decision To Relocate Proposed Power Plant," Haberler, Apr 22, 2015
  12. "EU / 5906-18 / 03 394," Turkey EPDK, Oct 12, 2015
  13. "Soma Kolin Power Plant," Sumitomo SHI FW, July 2, 2017
  14. "Ongoing Projects," Kolin Group, accessed Dec 2017
  15. "Termik santral inşaatında iş cinayeti," evrensel, Jan 26, 2018
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Soma’daki Kolin Termik Santrali inşaatında iki bin işçi işten atıldı,", 13 April 2018
  18. China can build Hunan Thermal Power to build a commercial unit of Turkey Speedmaster 2×255MW subcritical coal-fired power station project,, Jan. 25, 2019
  19. 一带一路 | 土耳其速马项目2号机组正式进入商业运行, Harbin International, Jun. 24, 2019
  20. Soma Kolin Termik Santrali sahasına güneş santrali kurulacak Kaynak: Hidro-Gen Enerji, Soma Kolin Termik Santrali hibrit santrale dönüştürecek , Enerji Gunlugu, May 16, 2022
  21. Kolin Termik Santrali işçileri: Tahtakurularından uyuyamıyoruz, Evrensel, Mar. 13, 2019
  22. "Soma Kolin Power Plant," Sumitomo fact sheet, accessed June 2018

Related articles

External resources

Europe Beyond Coal plant ID: TR-29