Son Dong power station

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Son Dong power station is an operating power station of at least 220-megawatts (MW) in Thanh Son, Son Dong, Bac Giang, Vietnam.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Son Dong power station Thanh Son, Son Dong, Bac Giang, Vietnam 21.179288, 106.780143 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 21.179288, 106.780143

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - anthracite 110 circulating fluidized bed 2009
Unit 2 operating coal - anthracite 110 circulating fluidized bed 2009

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Vietnam National Coal and Mineral Industries Holding Corp Ltd (Vinacomin) [100.0%]
Unit 2 Vietnam National Coal and Mineral Industries Holding Corp Ltd (Vinacomin) [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): domestic


Son Dong power station is a 220 MW coal-fired power station.[1]

Construction of the project began in November 2005 and Vinacomin invested nearly VND4 trillion to build the plant. Although archival photography on Google Earth shows that construction on the project was completed before February 2010, an October 2016 news report in 2016 states that the Vinacomin was directed to finish the test run of the plant and generate power for the national grid "by the second quarter" in order to ensure power supply in the dry season. According to the October 2016 article, a "test run" of the generators was begun in "November." The article further stated that the plant would consume 700,000 tons of coal per year from a coal mine in Dong Ri hamlet with a reserve of 100 million tons.[2]

The project was built by Shanghai Electric Power Construction using Chinese credit loan and Chinese equipment.[3]

Two dams and pumping stations on Dong Ri River and Neoc Vang River supply cooling water for the plant.[4]

Environmental Impact

The power station is located in the buffer zone of the Western Yen Tu Conservation Area.

In May 2022, a local TV news story titled "People suffer because they live near Son Dong Thermal Power Plant" (Google translate) was focused on the impacts faced by the communities surrounding the power station. Residents of Dong Ri village reported excessive dust from trucks transporting coal and fog-like air pollution. Doorways in the area must be sealed to protect from dust build up, and food sellers must take extra time to clean produce.[5]


In 2006, China Eximbank signed a $147 million buyer's credit loan (BCL) agreement for this project. The proceeds of the loan were used to partially finance an EPC contract signed in 2005.[6][3]

Articles and Resources


  1. "Coal-Fired Plants Financed by International Public Investment Institutions Since 1994", Appendix to Foreclosing the Future: Coal, Climate and International Public Finance: Investment in coal-fired power plants hinders the fight against global warming, Environmental Defense, April 2009.
  2. Van Nam, "Developer told to operate Son Dong power plant in second quarter," Saigon Times Daily, October 26, 2016
  3. 3.0 3.1 "About Us," Shanghai Electric Power Construction Co., Ltd., accessed June 2017
  4. "Water Conservancy Works: Son Dong Thermal Power Plant in Vietnam," Shanghai Investigation, Design, and Research Institute, accessed June 2017
  5. "Dân khổ vì sống gần Nhà Máy Nhiệt Điện Sơn Động," VTC14 - Thời tiết - Môi trường & Đời sống, May 27, 2022
  6. "China Eximbank provides $147 million buyer's credit loan for 220MW Son Dong Coal-Fired Power Plant Construction Project". /{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.