South Aegean coal mines

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Turkey and coal.


The South Aegean coal mines are operated by South Aegean Lignite Enterprise (Güney Ege Linyitleri İşletmesi Müdürlüğü or GELİ), a subsidiary of TKI, producing 5.3 million tonnes per annum, near Yatağan, Mugla, Turkey.[1]

The operating mines include Tınaz, Bağyaka, Bayır-Salihpaşalar and Eskihisar.[2]


The map below shows the location of the Bağyaka mine in Yatağa, Mugla, Turkey.[1]

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South Aegean Lignite Enterprise (Güney Ege Linyitleri Isletme Muessesesii Mudurlugu or GELİ) was founded in 1983 by TKI to take over the lignite mining activities in the Southern Aegean region from its precursor Aegean Lignite Enterprise (Ege Linyitleri İşletmesi Müessesesi Müdürlüğü or ELİ). Initially GELİ operated in "production sectors"; Yatağan, Tınaz-Bağkaya, and Milas-Sekköy. Mines in these production sectors were; Eskihisar (Yatağan), Tınaz-Bağkaya (Tınaz-Bağkaya), Sekköy(Milas-Sekköy) and İkizköy(Milas-Sekköy). In its first 3 years Eskihisar mine produced 3.5 million tons, Tınaz-Bağkaya 1.85 million tons and Sekköy and İkizköy mines 4.1 million tons per year on average. Whereas Eskihisar and Tınaz-Bağkaya mines were built to feed the Yatağan power station, Sekköy and İkizköy mines were built to feed the Yeniköy power station. In addition to feeding these two plants, the mines were meant to meet the demand of the local industry and household heating.[3] At some point before 2004, Yeniköy Lignite Entreprise (Yeniköy Linyitleri İşletme Müdürlüğü or YLİ) was established to manage the two mines in the Milas-Sekköy sectors that feed the Yeniköy power station. In 2004, the Yeniköy Lignite Entreprise was re-integrated into GELİ as a subsidiary.[4]

In 2014 YLİ and GELİ were privatized. Yeniköy Kemerköy Electricity Generation and Trade Inc received the mines associated with YLİ (Sekköy and İkizköy) that supplied the Yeniköy power station, which they also acquired.[5] Bereket Enerji acquired GELİ and its mines in the sectors of Yatağan and Tınaz-Bağkaya alongside the Yatağan power station that they supplied. Under Bereket Enerji, GELİ was re-organized as Yatağan Termik Enerji Üretim A.Ş. (Yatağan Thermal Energy Production Company). As such, as of 2017 GELİ has the following mines; Eskihisar, Tınaz, Bağkaya and Bayır-Salihpaşalar. These fives mines in total produce 5.2 million tons a year.[6]

Hacıbayramlar Expansion

In 2018, the Ministry of the Environment and Urbanization authorized a project by the Yatağan Termik Enerji Üretim to build a new coalmine in the Hacıbayramlar district of Yatağan. The Ministry declared that an EIA was not necessary for the project because the surface area of the proposed underground mine would not exceed 25 hectares (61 acres).[7] After a local resident took the matter to court, the second administrative court of Muğla decided in 2020 that an EIA was indeed necessary and that the Ministry's 2018 decision to the contrary was against the law.[8] Yatağan Thermal Energy Production Company and the governor of Muğla appealed to the court's decision. However, the 6th chamber of the Council of State rejected the appeal in August 2020, stating that the decision by the administrative court was in accordance with the law. Thus, Yatağan Thermal Energy must secure a positive EIA before they can move ahead with the project. According to the litigator in the case Bora Sarıca, who is also a member of the Muğla Environment Platform, Yatağan Thermal Energy already started the EIA process during the trial. He also stated that because of the expert reports commissioned for the initial lawsuit in 2018 and the following appeal trial both strongly condemned the project as harmful to the environment and that it would be very difficult for the company to secure a positive EIA.[9]

Mine Details

  • Operator: Güney Ege Linyitleri Isletme Muessesesii Mudurlugu[1]
  • Parent company: Bereket Enerji
  • Location: Yatağan, Mugla, Turkey
  • GPS coordinates: 37.263802, 28.108624
  • Mine status: Operating[1]
  • Start year: 1983
  • Mineable reserves: 161 million tons per year[2]
  • Coal type: lignite
  • Mine type: surface
  • Production: 5.2 million tons per year[2]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Philip M. Mobbs, "2010 Minerals Yearbook: Turkey", United States Geological Survey, April 2012, page 56.7
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Association of British Mining Companies, Turkey Mining Overview,2019.
  3. Yıldırım, Naki (September 1988). "TKİ Kurumu GELİ Müessesesinde Linyit Üretim Faaliyetleri" (PDF). Madencilik. XXVII (3): 11–18. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  4. M. Zeki Adlı (May 7, 2004) a)Türkiye Kömür İşletmeleri Kurumu Genel Müdürlüğünün 16/Nisan/2004 tarih, B.15.2.TKİ. sayılı yazısı. b)13/Mayıs/1996 tarih, B021TKG0100001-074/54-1906 sayılı genel emir. . T.C. Bayindirlik Ve İskan Bakanliği Tapu Ve Kadastro Genel Müdürlüğü. Report.
  5. "Yeniköy Kemerköy Termik Santralleri". Limak Enerji. 2015. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  6. "Maden Direktörlüğü". Yatağan Termik Santrali. 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  7. Eroğlu, Doğa (July 18, 2018). "Yatağan'ın altı da üstü de maden olacak: Yeraltı kömür işletmesine de onay". Diken. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  8. "Yatağan'da kömür madeni için 'ÇED gerekli değildir' kararı mahkemece iptal edildi". Ekoloji Birliği. February 14, 2020. Retrieved June 20, 2021.
  9. Akdemir, Özer (August 25, 2020). "Yatağan'daki termik santral Danıştay'a takıldı". Evrensel. Retrieved June 20, 2021.

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External resources

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