Soyuz Gas Pipeline
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Soyuz Gas Pipeline, also called the Orenburg Western Border Pipeline, is an operating natural gas pipeline.
The pipeline runs from the Orenberg gas field through Uzhgorod, Ukraine to the Ukrainian/Romanian border.
- Operator: Naftogaz
- Parent Company: Naftogaz
- Current capacity: 32 billion cubic meters per year
- Length: 1,662 miles / 2,675 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1978
The Soyuz Pipeline, also called the Orenburg Western Border Pipeline, originating from the Orenburg gas field, enters Ukraine east of Novopskov through the Sokhranovka gas metering station in Russia. Up to Novopskov, it runs parallel to the Orenburg–Novopskov pipeline. From there, the Soyuz pipeline runs westward until near Bar it joins the corridor of the Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhhorod and Progress pipelines. It leaves Ukraine through the Uzhhorod gas metering and pumping station. The length of the Ukrainian section of the Soyuz pipeline is 1,567 kilometres (974 mi) and it has capacity of 26.1 billion cubic meters (920 billion cubic feet) per year.
In December of 2015, financing was secured for the reconstruction of the BAR compression station. The project is expected to increase the pipeline's capacity by 85 million cubic meters per day and will increase its lifespan by 15 years. It's being financed by Ferrostaal Industrieanlagen GmbH and Deutsche Bank. Combined, they will provide $70.72 million USD of the required $83.2 million USD. The rest will be provided by the State of Ukraine.
In January of 2016, an underground gas leak caused an explosion near the Hungarian border in Transcarpathia. The explosion led to the loss of 809,000 cubic meters of gas. Repairs cost $300,000 USD.
Construction of the pipeline was held up by the USSR as an example of Comecon Cooperation between the USSR and its satellite republics, with a plan for countries to take an equal share in the financing and construction of the line. Part of the payment for future delivers of fuel to Eastern Europe would be participation of workers from those countries in energy projects in the Soviet Union," wrote Jonathan Stern in Soviet Natural Gas In The World Economy. "In any event, the experiment does not seem to have worked particularly well on account of the attitudes of some of the East Europeans towards such exercises in fraternal cooperation."
- Soyuz Pipeline, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2018
- Natural gas transmission system of Ukraine, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
- Situation of the Ukrainian natural gas market and transit system KPMG, October 4, 2017
- Soviet Natural Resources In The World Economy, Robert G. Jensen, ed., 373, University of Chicago, 1983