Spearhead Oil Pipeline

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Spearhead Oil Pipeline, also called Enbridge Line 55 Oil Pipeline, is a crude oil pipeline in the United States.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs from Enbridge's Flanagan Terminal in Pontiac, Illinois to Ebridge's Cushing Terminal in Cushing, Oklahoma.[2]

Line 51 Location

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Line 55 Location

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Line 59 Location

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Project Details

Line 51 Project Details

  • Operator: Enbridge[1]
  • Capacity: 190,000 barrels per day[2]
  • Length: 443 miles (712.9 kilometers)[2]
  • Diameter: 22-inches, 24-inches[3]
  • Oil source: Edmonton, Alberta[1]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Start Year: 2006, 2018 (after being temporarily offline from 2015-2018)[4]
  • Associated Infrastructure: Enbridge Line 3 Oil Pipeline[1]

Line 55 Project Details

  • Operator: Enbridge[1]
  • Capacity: 190,000 barrels per day[2]
  • Length: 590 miles (949.5 kilometers)[2]
  • Diameter:
  • Oil source: Edmonton, Alberta[1]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Start Year: 2006, 2018 (after being temporarily offline from 2015-2018)[4]
  • Associated Infrastructure: Enbridge Line 3 Oil Pipeline[1]

Line 59 Project Details

  • Operator: Enbridge[1]
  • Capacity: 190,000 barrels per day[2]
  • Length: 592 miles (952.7 kilometers)[2]
  • Diameter:
  • Oil source: Edmonton, Alberta[1]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Start Year: 2006, 2018 (after being temporarily offline from 2015-2018)[4]
  • Associated Infrastructure: Enbridge Line 3 Oil Pipeline[1]

Background

In 2003, Enbridge acquired the pipeline from BP, which had previously delivered crude from Cushing, Oklahoma, to the Chicago, Illinois area.[1]

In 2006, Enbridge renamed the pipeline Spearhead, and reversed and reopened it to deliver Canadian crude oil to the major oil hub at Cushing, Oklahoma. The crude oil delivered to Cushing originates in Edmonton, Alberta, traveling through the Enbridge Pipeline mainline and the Enbridge Line 3 Oil Pipeline system to Chicago, before entering the 650-mile Spearhead Pipeline to Cushing.[1]

In 2007, Enbridge expanded the pipeline to 193,300 barrels per day.[1]

In 2015, the pipeline was shut down following a crude oil spill in northern Missouri[5] It was restarted in 2018.[4]

The system is comprised of three separate pipelines, names Line 51, Line 55, and Line 59.[2]

Articles and resources

References

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External articles