Tata Steel Port Talbot steel plant

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Tata Steel Port Talbot is a steel plant in Port Talbot, South Wales, UK.[1] Over 4,000 people work at the plant.[2]

Location

The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Port Talbot, South Wales, UK.

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Background

In January 2020, Natarajan Chandrasekaran, chairman of the Tata Sons group that owns the Port Talbot plant, said the plant needs to be "self-sustaining." Tata Steel's 2017-2018 pre-tax losses were £371 million, up from £222 million in 2017-18.[3] A planned merger between Tata and German steel company Thyssenkrupp was blocked by the European Commission over competition concerns in June 2019.[3]

History

Port Talbot works

The original works were built by Gilbertson, and situated south of Port Talbot railway station. Constructed in 1901–5, the works was named after Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot of Margam Castle, the principal sponsor of the developments at Port Talbot docks, which had opened in 1837.[4] The site was closed in 1961 and demolished in 1963.[4] The General Offices housed Port Talbot magistrates' court until 2012, but the rest of the site is an industrial estate.[4]

Margam works

Steelmaking at the Port Talbot complex began with the Margam Iron and Steel Works, completed between 1923 and 1926.[5][6]

Abbey works

Abbey Steelworks was planned in 1947 and is believed to be named after the Cistercian Margam Abbey that used to be on the site – a small amount of the original building still stands (protected) within the site that survived the dissolution of the monasteries. Several steel manufacturers in South Wales pooled their resources to form the Steel Company of Wales, to construct a modern integrated steelworks on a site then owned by Guest, Keen and Baldwins (GKN).[5] However, political manoeuvring led to tinplate production being retained in its original heartland further west, at two new works in Trostre and Felindre.[5] Opened in 1951, it was fully operational by 1953.[5]

Once the new No.4 and 5 furnaces began production, the older furnaces (No. 1 and 2) built in the 1920s, were demolished.[7] No.3 furnace, built in 1941, was retained as a stand-by, where it stood disused until demolished in the mid-2000s.[7]

Divestment

Tata Steel announced on March 30, 2016 it is to pull out of its UK operations, including Port Talbot.[8] It provided as reasons "imports of Chinese steel, high energy costs and weak demand ".[8] Plans to save the steelworks were put on hold when potential buyers indicated their intention to withdraw from the bidding process due to the UK voting in favor of withdrawing from the EU.[9]

Plant Details

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Tata Steel in South Wales, Tata Steel, Retrieved on: Mar. 12, 2020
  2. "Tata Steel Thyssenkrupp merger: Safeguard Welsh jobs call". BBC News. 20 September 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Port Talbot: Tata Steel bosses 'can't keep funding losses'. BBC. 5 Jan 2020
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Port Talbot steelworks". coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "ABBEY WORKS, MARGAM STEEL WORKS, MARGAM". coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  6. Port Talbot Historical Society. "Time Line 20th C". Archived from the original on 19 April 1998. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Margam Steel Works (Abbey Works) for The Steel Company of Wales Limited, Port Talbot, West Glamorgan: the number 5 blast furnace, Architectural Press Archive / RIBA Collections, Retrieved on: Mar. 12, 2020
  8. 8.0 8.1 Graham Ruddick, Heather Stewart (30 March 2016). "Tata Steel to sell off entire British business". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 March 2016. Tata blames cheap imports of Chinese steel, high energy costs and weak demand
  9. correspondent, Brian Meechan BBC Wales business. "Brexit stalls Tata Steel's UK operations sale plans". BBC News. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Tata Steel in the UK, Tata Steel, Retrieved on: Mar 11, 2020
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Operations, Tata Steel, Retrieved on: Mar. 12, 2020

External resources

External articles

This page uses material from the Wikipedia page Port Talbot Steelworks under the provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.