Termobijao power station

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Termobijao power station (Central Térmica Termobijao) is a shelved power station in Puerto Libertador, Córdoba, Colombia.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Termobijao power station Puerto Libertador, Puerto Libertador, Córdoba, Colombia 7.845363, -75.677307 (approximate)

The map below shows the approximate location of the power station.

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Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year
shelved coal: unknown 460 unknown 2024

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Owner Parent
Sator SAS [100%] Grupo Argos SA

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Bijao coal mine


In January 2018 Sator, a subsidiary of the Colombian cement and energy conglomerate Grupo Argos, received the required permit for construction of the 300 MW Termobijao coal plant from Colombia's environmental licensing agency ANLA (Agencia Nacional de Licencias Ambientales).[1][2] Coal for the plant was to be supplied by Sator's adjacent Bijao coal mine,[3] designated as Título Minero 4676 in the environmental permit and described in Grupo Argos company reports as an open-pit mine.[4] The 460 MW Termobijao project was expected to cost US$1.2 billion[5] and begin supplying electricity to Colombia’s national grid by 2023 or 2024.[6][3][2]

As of July 2022, Termobijao's environmental license remained valid, and the project had reportedly secured the necessary financing to move forward.[7] However, Termobijao had not appeared in official Colombian government lists of future power projects since mid-2021[8][9], and Colombia's energy planning agency UPME did not anticipate construction of new coal plant capacity in any of its 15-year scenarios for the 2020-2034 period, so the project was presumed to be shelved.[9][8]

In a 2023 list of registered Colombian power generation projects, a coal-fired power project called "Termobijao" was listed as having a nameplate capacity of 340 MW; However, the document declared the project "invalid."[10] A July 2023 government list of generation projects under development did not include the Termobijao power station, nor any other coal-fired power plants.[11]

The Termobijao power station was not included in a May 2024 list of active power project proposals published by the National Environmental Licensing Authority, nor was the project or any other coal plant proposal included in UPME's updated 2023-2037 Indicative Plan for the Expansion of Power Generation.[12][13]

2023: Colombia joins the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA)

In September 2023, Colombia became a member of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) and thereby committed to "halting the development of new unabated coal power plants and phasing out existing plants to keep the goal of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5-degrees within reach."[14] While the shelved Termobijao power station had not yet been officially cancelled at the time of Colombia's commitment, it appeared unlikely that the project would progress.

Articles and Resources


  1. "Resolución N°00054" (PDF). ANLA (Autoridad Nacional de Licencias Ambientales). January 12, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Las seis generadoras que se harían con subasta de energía". Portafolio. June 7, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "El carbón seguirá mandando en la generación de energía". Portafolio. March 6, 2018.
  4. "2015 Corporate Presentation" (PDF). Grupo Argos. 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Proyectan inversiones por 15.000 millones de dólares para el Caribe". País Minero. September 1, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Con 48 térmicas se reforzará la matriz de generación eléctrica". Portafolio. June 3, 2020.
  7. Alfonso López Suárez (July 8, 2022). "Listas 12 plantas termoeléctricas en caso de que no entre Hidroituango". El Colombiano.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Informe de Registro de Generación de Electricidad: Ubicación de los principales proyectos térmicos vigentes (p 22)" (PDF). SIEL. August 31, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Plan de Expansión de Referencia Generación – Transmisión 2020 – 2034: Volumen 2. Generación" (PDF). UPME. July 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. INFORME DE REGISTRO DE PROYECTOS DE GENERACIÓN; Semana 10 del 2023 Unidad de Planeación Minero ​Energética, Gov. of Colombia, Sept. 1, 2023
  12. Autoridad Nacional de Licencias Ambientales- ANLA –AUTO N° 003076, Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, May 14, 2024
  13. Plan Indicativo de Expansión de la Generación 2023-2037, República de Colombia Ministerio de Minas y Energía, Bogotá D.C. - Colombia, April 2024
  14. Colombia and Panama Join Growing Coalition of Countries Committed to Phasing Out Coal, PPCA, Sept. 19, 2023

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.