Ternium Brasil steel plant

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This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Ternium Brasil steel plant (Usina siderúrgica Ternium Brasil) is an integrated steel plant in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1]


The map below shows the location of the steel plant in the Santa Cruz Industrial District of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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The Ternium Brasil steel plant was originally a project of the Companhia Siderúrgica do Atlântico Sul (CSA), a joint venture between the German steel group ThyssenKrupp (73% ownership) and the Brazilian mining multinational Vale (27%), which was to supply iron for the plant from its Brazilian mines.[2]

Located in Rio de Janeiro's industrial district between the Santa Cruz Air Base and the Rio São Francisco, the plant was commissioned in 2010[3], with its first and second blast furnaces starting up in July and December, respectively.[4]

The CSA plant was plagued with problems from the beginning, including cost overruns, rising iron ore prices, falling steel prices, and volatile exchange rates. In addition, the plant's owners were cited for numerous environmental violations. By 2012, only two years after the CSA plant's inauguration, ThyssenKrupp announced plans to sell the plant.

In 2016, with steel prices still falling and Brazil in the midst of a deep recession, Vale sold its 27% stake in the plant to ThyssenKrupp while retaining its rights to sell iron ore to the plant.[5] A year later the Ternium group purchased the CSA steel complex for €1.5 billion, reportedly resulting in a loss of €8 billion for ThyssenKrupp.[6][7][8]

The plant, now operating under the name Ternium Brasil, has the capacity to produce 5 million tons of steel per year. It specializes in steel plates for customers in Brazil, Mexico, the United States and Europe, with a special focus on the shipbuilding, automotive, oil and gas, machinery, home appliances and energy industries. The 10 million m² industrial complex surrounding the plant comprises a private port on the Bay of Sepetiba, a railway branch line, and a 490 MW thermoelectric plant fueled with gases from the steelmaking process.[3][1]

Environmental Impact

The plant has been charged with a variety of environmental violations dating back more than a decade.[2]

In 2007, dredging operations associated with the plant's construction dislodged heavy metals from the Bay of Sepetiba, provoking protests from local fishermen. In the same year, Brazil's environmental agency Ibama fined ThyssenKrupp R$100,000 for illegal removal of 2 hectares of mangrove. News of these events created bad public relations for ThyssenKrupp in its home country of Germany.[8]

In 2012, the plant's operators were fined R $ 10.5 million by the State Secretariat for the Environment and the State Environmental Institute after residents of Sepetiba Bay were exposed to toxic particles due to the plant's noncompliance with mandatory regulations. The company was also forced to pay fines of R $ 1.8 million in August 2010 and 2.8 million reais in January 2011, and was required by the government to invest R $ 14 million in the construction of a health clinic, flood control measures, and compensation to local fishermen.[9]

Plant Details

Articles and resources


  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 "Conheça a Ternium Brasil e a nossa produção de aço". Ternium. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Companhia Siderúrgica do Atlântico – Impactos e Irregularidades na Zona Oeste do Rio de Janeiro" (PDF). PACS (Instituto Políticas Alternativas para o Cone Sul). November 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Inaugurada a Companhia Siderurgica do Atlantico em Santa Cruz". Diário do Rio de Janeiro. June 18, 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "CSA inicia pré-operação de 2º alto-forno nesta sexta-feira". Terra. December 17, 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Brazil's Vale to Sell Stake in CSA Steel Plant to ThyssenKrupp". Wall Street Journal. April 4, 2016.
  6. "Thyssenkrupp ends costly Americas venture with CSA sale to Ternium". Reuters. February 22, 2017.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Ternium compra CSA por 1,5 bilhão de euros". Diário do Aço. February 22, 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Como a ThyssenKrupp fez no Brasil um dos piores negócios da indústria alemã". Terra. February 24, 2017.
  9. Ternium Brasil, Wikipedia, Retrieved on: July 18, 2020
  10. "Ternium S.A. Form 20-F (p. 97)" (PDF). United States Securities & Exchange Commission. April 16, 2019.
  11. "Form 6-K Ternium S.A." United States Securities & Exchange Commission. February 14, 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Ternium". Instituto Aço Brasil. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "Pocket Yearbook 2020: A Siderurgia em Números" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. 2020.
  14. "2020 AIST Basic Oxygen Furnace Roundup". AIST (Association for Iron & Steel Technology). Retrieved 2020-09-14.
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Conheça a maior planta industrial do Rio de Janeiro: Visita Técnica". Ternium. Retrieved 2020-09-14.

External resources

External articles

This page uses material from the Wikipedia page Ternium Brasil under the provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.