Teruel power station
Teruel power station (also known as Andorra power station) is a retired 1,102-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Andorra-Sierra de Arcos, Teruel, the province of Aragón, Spain.
The map below shows the location of the power station in Andorra-Sierra de Arcos, Teruel, the province of Aragón, Spain.
The Teruel power plant was originally commissioned in 1979, after the oil crisis of the 1970s. To supply the plant with water for cooling, a reservoir was built on the Guadalope River in the municipality of Calanda. Coal for the plant originally came via railway from the Andorran coal mines until they were dismantled in the late 20th century. The Teruel mining basin of the Aragon region was also a prominent source for coal for the Teruel plant.
The Teruel power plant was considered one of Spain's most polluting power plants. It was considered responsible for the acid rain that occurred between 1984-1987 in the provinces of Teruel and Castellón de la Plana, which destroyed around two hundred thousand hectares of forested area.
In 1988, 25 city councils in the Castellón province petitioned against the plant for ecological crimes. 10 of the petitions also requested for Endesa's then-president (Feliciano Fuster) to be punished with a year in prison. Later, the complaint was withdrawn after Endesa agreed with environmentalists, city councils, the Valencian Government and the Ministry of Agriculture to invest in reducing sulfur oxide emissions at the Teruel plant. Endesa, the Valencian government, and the Ministry of Agriculture all contributed a total of five million pesetas to implement desulfurization technology at the plant, which was installed in 1992.
In 2008, a Greenpeace report ranked the Teruel power plant as the 4th most polluting coal plant in Spain, emitting an average of 6.8 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year.
In 2009, the plant emitted 2.61 million tonnes of CO2.
Retirement and Conversion
In 2018, Endesa's general director stated that the new denitrification regulations set by the European Union were too costly for the plant; the renovations for Teruel were estimated to be around 200 million Euros. In December 2018, Endesa filed to close the Teruel plant by 2020. The Spanish government approved Endesa's petition in 2019.
On February 13, 2020, it was disconnected from the electricity grid, and ceased operations. On June 29, 2020, its final closure was authorized, published in the BOE of July 9. According to Endesa, dismantling the plant will cost approximately 60 million Euros; 80% of the workers employed to dismantle the plant will be from Andorra and from towns close to the plant.
The Teruel power plant will be replaced by a 1.725GW renewable energy facility for greener energy production, in line with Spain's 2050 carbon neutrality goal. The total capacity will include 1,585MW of solar-photovoltaic power plants and 140MW of wind turbines. This capacity will be built in three phases; the first two of which have already been approved: the first phase began in early 2021 and will add a 50MW solar field (completion expected for 2022). The second phase will include adding 235MW of solar capacity between March 2022 and June 2023. The last phase will add 1.3GW of solar capacity and 90MW of wind power between May 2023 and early 2026.
- Sponsor: Endesa SA
- Parent company: Enel
- Location: Andorra-Sierra de Arcos, Teruel, the province of Aragón, Spain
- Coordinates: 40.9972, -0.3807 (exact)
- Coal type: Lignite/sub-bituminous
- Coal source: Domestic
- Gross generating capacity (retired): 1,102 MW
- Unit 1: Coal-fired subcritical, 368 MW (start-up in 1979)
- Unit 2: Coal-fired subcritical, 368 MW (start-up in 1979)
- Unit 3: Coal-fired subcritical, 366 MW (start-up in 1980)
Articles and Resources
- "Teruel-Andorra Coal Power Plant Spain - GEO". Global Energy Observatory. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- "Central térmica de Andorra - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre". es.wikipedia.org (in español). Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- "Teruel Thermal Power Plant, Andorra, Aragon, Spain". NS Energy Business. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- Navarro, Santiago (1992-02-28). "El bosque de azufre". EL PAÍS (in español). Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- Miguel Ángel Gallego (2008). "Las centrales eléctricas más contaminantes de España". web.archive.org (in español). Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- Reuters Staff (2018-11-16). "UPDATE 1-Endesa to close two Spanish coal plants in 2020". U.S. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- "Endesa to replace 1.1GW Teruel coal plant with solar, wind and battery storage - Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis". Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis. 2019-12-16. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
- "Futur-e in Teruel". Endesa. Retrieved 2021-07-02.