Vinh Tan power station

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Vietnam and coal
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Vĩnh Tân power station is a proposed 6,225-megawatt (MW) coal power plant complex under development in Bình Thuận province, Vietnam.


The map below shows the location where the plant is being built, in Vĩnh Tân commune, Tuy Phong district, Bình Thuận province. The sites of Vĩnh Tân-1, 2, 3, and 4 are arrayed in order from east to west.

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The Vĩnh Tân power station complex is made up of four separate plants.

Vĩnh Tân-1

In July 2007, a consortium of Vinacomin and China Southern Power Grid Company received financing from the Asian Development Bank to build the two-unit, 1,200-MW Vĩnh Tân-1. Vinacomin signed a deal with two Indonesian coal mining companies in July 2008.[1]

In December 2012, the consortium — now also joined by the China Power Investment Corporation — finally signed an deal with the Vietnamese government for the plant's construction; the plant is scheduled to come online in 2018.[2][3] The two Chinese firms are providing 95% of the $1.6-$1.7 billion in capital for the plant's construction.[4] The three companies signed a construction contract in March 2014; the two Chinese companies are apparently going to serve as the construction contractors.[5]

At the end of 2014, financial close was reached for Vĩnh Tân-1. The overall debt package involves a loan of US$1.404 billion provided in equal tranches by Bank of China, China Construction Bank, China Development Bank Corporation, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited, Sinosure and The Export-Import Bank of China.[6]

Construction began on Vĩnh Tân-1 in July 2015. Unit 1 is scheduled to be completed in late 2018, and Unit 2 in early 2019.[7] As of August 2016, construction was 23% complete.[8]

In November 2017, the plant operators told the government that the plant would be completed 11 months ahead of schedule, with Unit 1 going into operation in 2018 and Unit in 2019.[9]

In April 2018 unit 1 was connected to the grid and undergoing testing.[10] Unit 1 was commissioned on June 5, 2018.[11] Unit 2 was commissioned according to one report in November 2018.[12] GreenID reports that Unit 2 was commissioned in 2018.[13]

Vĩnh Tân-2

In October 2009, Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) signed a construction contract with Shanghai Electric Group for the construction of the two-unit, 1,245-MW, $1.3 billion Vĩnh Tân-2.[14] Construction work began in August 2010.[15]

The first unit of the plant came online in January 2014, and the second in September 2014.[16][17][18]

Vĩnh Tân-3

In October 2008, OneEnergy, a partnership of China's CLP Group and Japan's Mitsubishi Corporation, announced that it would be partnering with Electricity of Vietnam to build the three-unit, 1,980-MW, $1.1 billion Vĩnh Tân-3, planning on beginning construction in 2010.[19] The project is being created by the Vinh Tan 3 Energy Joint Stock Company (VTEC), which is owned by OneEnergy Ventures Limited (a subsidiary of CLP Holdings), EVN, and Pacific Group Corporation.[20]

In October 2013, the consortium signed a construction agreement with the Harbin Power Equipment Company; construction would begin in 2014, and the plant would go online in 2018.[21] As of April 2015, the project's sponsors had reportedly still not yet reached final agreement with the Ministry of Industry & Trade on several issues.[22] In October 2015 the China Development Bank reached an MoU with CLP Holdings' Vinh Tan 3 Energy Joint Stock Company on investment and financial arrangements for the Build-Operate-Transfer thermal power plant project Vinh Tan 3.[23] Commercial operation of the first unit is planned for 2020.[24]

According to a July 2017 report, as part of a larger restructuring of the company, EVN plans to divest ownership of Vinh Tan-3 after the project is completed.[25]

In June 2019 the completion date for Unit 1 was delayed to 2024 and the completion date for Units 2-3 was delayed to 2025 in the Ministry Of Industry And Trade's report on the implementation of the revised seventh Power Development Plan (PDP7).[26]

In December 2019 CLP announced that it would no longer invest in new coal-fired power plants.[27] Whether Vĩnh Tân-3 and another CLP project Vũng Áng-2 will reach completion without CLP’s involvement will depend on the projects’ other sponsors, according to Julien Vincent, Executive Director of the NGO Market Forces. These other sponsors include Japanese bank Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group (MUFG) and Singapore-headquartered DBS Bank.[28] Mitsubishi has categorized Vĩnh Tân-3 as "under development" and stated that its ban on funding new plants does not therefore apply.[29] In February 2020 the National Steering Committee on power development stated that Unit 1 was scheduled to be commissioned in Q2 2024, Unit 2 in Q4 2024, and Unit 3 in Q3 2025.[30] According to GreenID the commissioning date for Units 1-2 is 2025, and for Unit 3 is 2026.[31]

Vĩnh Tân-4

In December 2013, Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) signed a construction agreement with the Mitsubishi Corporation and Doosan Heavy Industries (a subsidiary of the Doosan Group) to build the two-unit, 1,200-MW, $1.4 billion Vĩnh Tân-4. Construction is slated to begin in early 2014, and the plant would come online in 2017-18.[32][33][34]

Construction began in March 2014, with Unit 1 scheduled to go online in 2017 and Unit 2 in 2018. The project is financed by both Korea Export-Import Bank and Japan Bank of International Cooperation.[35] Toshiba Corporation won the contract to provide the plant's turbines and generators in July 2014.[36] Construction was 30% complete as of June 2015.[37] As of July 2016, completion of Unit 1 was scheduled for Q4 2017, and Unit 2 for Q2 2018.[38]

In March 2017, with construction still ongoing, welders working near the flue-gas desulphurization system accidentally ignited insulation, causing a large fire that injured two workers and damaged the plant.[39][40] A June 2017 EVN press release seemed to indicate that, despite the fire, construction continued to be on track to be completed according to schedule.[41]

As of July 2017, commercial operations were expected for Unit 1 in December 2017, for Unit 2 in June 2018, and for the Extension in April 2019.[42]

Unit 1 was completed on December 26, 2017.[43] Unit 2 was operating and online as of October 2018.[44]

Vĩnh Tân-4 mở rộng (Vĩnh Tân-4 Extension)

The Revised Power Development Plan VII lists a 600 MW extension unit for Vinh Tan-4, scheduled for 2019.[45] A ground-breaking ceremony on the new unit was held in April 2016.[46] The unit is being built by EVN, with Doosan and Mitsubishi Corporation serving as construction contractors.[47] Generators and turbines are being built by Toshiba.[48] In April 2019 it was reported that construction was 97.6% complete and that the plant was scheduled to be commissioned in December 2019.[49] In April 2019 the plant conducted successful test operations and is scheduled to be commissioned in October 2019.[50] GreenID reported that Vĩnh Tân-4 Extension was operating as of September 2019.[51]

Environmental Issues and Protests

In mid-April 2015 thousands of local residents blocked the National Highway No 1A in protest against coal dust pollution from the plant. Initial media reports in English gave few details of the cause of the dust pollution. However, in a statement EVN said that it would cease dumping any coal dust for the next 10 days while discussions are held with local residents.[52] A later report stated that on the afternoon of April 14 thousands of residents blocked the highway "to protest the plant after strong winds blew an unusually large amount of coal dust into the neighborhood that day." On the first night of the protests, a police riot squad tried to remove what had been a peaceful protest. Police fired tear gas canisters into the protestors, and some in the crowd threw rocks and petrol bombs at the police. Dozens of protesters were injured.[53]The protest ran for 30 hours and the highway was not cleared until 9 a.m. on April 16.[54]

In December 2016, a trial of 12 people began in connection with the disturbances, and the group was sentenced to between six and nine months in jail. Of those sentenced, the sentences of five people were suspended.[55]

It was reported that since the commissioning of the second unit in September last year the plant has been generating 1500 tonnes of coal ash (referred to in the article as 'slag') a day, with the transport of the waste by truck from the plant to the landfill resulting in air pollution along the way. Between the dust pollution and air pollution from the plant, residents complained of the health impacts, especially on children. The Vietnam Environment Administration fining the plant operator VND1.5 billion (US$69,510) in December 2014 for environmental violations. However, pollution problems remained. Following the protest, the company has changed the routing of the trucks, wet the loads before transport and said it would investigate using the coal ash wastes in cement.[54]

Asiaone reported that EVN had "covered its 6,000sq.m cinder dumping ground with canvas and watered it, fully covered all its trucks carrying cinder, and began to clean the roads regularly pending construction of dedicated roads for the trucks. It had improved water supply in the dumping area and poured water on the cinder to prevent it from flying and made sure all necessary equipment to limit pollution was in working order." Asiaone reported that Deputy Prime Minister Hoang Trung Hai "stressed that the Government constantly reminded all thermal power producers to limit pollution, and criticised Vinh Tan Thermal Plant No 2 for ignoring all such instructions." Hai was reported as stating that all the coal ash should be used in cement instead of being dumped. "If we can manage to collect cinder for cement production, it will both bring financial benefit and resolve the pollution problem," he said.[56]

In January 2016, local officials complained that ash and coal dust from the plant are blowing into their communities.[57] In late 2016, the news media published concerns about plans for Vĩnh Tân-1 to dredge a navigable channel for barges transporting waste, with local fishery management officials arguing that the dredging and dumping of dredged soil could harm corals and other marine life in the area.[58]

In June 2017, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment approved the dumping of a million cubic meters of mud and sand removed to deepen the dock area of the plant. Marine scientists expressed concerns over the effect of the sludge on marine ecosystems. According to the scientists, the government's assurance that the sludge would not contain toxins or radioactive materials was beside the point, since the real hazard from dumping such large amounts of sludge would be the the muddying of large areas of ocean and the effect of that muddying on photosynthesis in areas populated by 1 million organisms per square meter. Of particular concern was the 12,500 hectacre Hon Cau Marine Reserve, a spawning ground for shrimp, fish, and sea turtles, and home to 34 rare and endangered species.[59]

In July 2017, after reports that the names of three scientists had been "impersonated" on the environmental evaluation for the sludge dumping, the Vietnam Fisheries Association submitted a written request for the dumping permit to be suspended.[60]

In August 2017, The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment cancelled the dumping and instead came to an agreement with the Binh Thuan People's Committee to use the sludge as fill to prevent coastal erosion in another local harbor. The decision followed the submittal of thousands of names on a protest petition and an attempted march from Ho Chi Minh City to the plant site by concerned citizens.[61]

In July 2017, EVN GENCO submitted a request for an even larger 2.4-million-cubic-meter dumping of sludge into the sea, raising further concerns of environmental impacts.[62]

On December 15, 2017, Deputy Prime Minister Trinh Dinh Dung visited Vinh Tan port and expressed concern over the effect of the sludge dumping on the Hon Cau Marine Reserve and the Vinh Tan shrimp breeding grounds, which play a major role in Vietnam's fishing industry. The Deputy Prime Minister called for the creation of a new joint management board to better control the project.[63]

In June 2018, faced with ongoing opposition to the plant by local residents, EVN proposed to the Government and the Ministry of Public Security to bring Vinh Tan Thermal Power Center into special security protection.[64]

In March 2019, Vietnam’s State Audit Agency found that the 1200 MW Vinh Tan 1 plant had violated environmental laws. Violations included discharging cooling water into the sea without approval from the Environment Ministry, poor monitoring of wastewater, and nitrogen oxide emissions in excess of permit limits. It also found that the plant had limited coal ash storage capacity. The audit also criticised the Binh Thuan provincial government and the ministries of environment, industry and trade for inadequate supervision of the project and lack of proper assessment of environmental impacts.[65]

Project Details

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Vinacomin signs up Vinh Tan coal", (Coal) gossip (blog), July 11, 2008.
  2. BOT Contract Signed for Vinh Tan 1 Thermoelectric Plant, talkvietnam, Dec. 27, 2012.
  3. Signing BOT Contract for Vinh Tan 1 Thermal Power Plant, Vietnam Ministry of Industry & Trade press release, Dec. 12, 2013.
  4. Chinese Plug Into Local Power, Indochina Energy, 21 June 2013.
  5. EPC Contract signing ceremony of Vinh Tan 1 BOT Coal-fired power plant project, Binh Thuan, 28 Mar. 2014.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Vinh Tan 1 Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plant (1200MW), IJGlobal, last updated 24 Oct 2017.
  7. Work starts on $1.75bn Chinese-owned thermal power plant in Vietnam, Tuoi Tre News, 19 July 2015.
  8. Kiểm tra tiến độ xây dựng Dự án BOT Nhà máy nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 1, Tong Cuc Nang Luong website, 23 Aug. 2016.
  9. "Electricity Sector Gets BOT Boost," Vietnamnet, 2 November 2017
  10. "Power project to begin operations ahead of schedule," Vietnam News, April, 24, 2018
  11. "Tổ máy 1 - Nhà máy nhiệt điện BOT Vĩnh Tân 1 hoàn thành thử nghiệm chạy đầy tải," Baodautu, June 5, 2018
  12. Vận hành thương mại Tổ máy 2 Nhà máy Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 1,, Dec. 13, 2018
  13. [Communication with GreenID, June 2020
  14. 14.0 14.1 Shanghai Electric to Help Build Vietnam Power Plant, China Daily, Oct. 24, 2009.
  15. Construction of 1,240MW Vinh Tan 2 Thermo-Electric Power Plant Commences in Vietnam, PennEnergy, Aug. 10, 2010.
  16. Vinh Tan 2 Thermo-Power Plant Up and Running Next Year, Saigon Times, July 24, 2012.
  17. "Vinh Tan 2 Plant Generates Power to National Grid", Vinacomin press release, January 21, 2014.
  18. "Second turbine at Vinh Tan power plant generates power", Vietnam+, 9 September 2014.
  19. Vietnam Electricity Established its First IPP Partnership with OneEnergy, CLP Group press release, Oct. 9, 2008.
  20. "CLP’s Vietnamese Power Project Signs MoU for Investment and Financing," CLP Media Release, 5 November 2015
  21. Vietnamese, Chinese Companies Build Coal-Fired Power Plant, Viêt Nam News, Oct. 16, 2013.
  22. New regulations cloud BOT power plant deals,, 17 Apr. 2015.
  23. "Vietnam, China ink myriad of cooperation documents," Vietnam Net, June 11, 2015
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 "CLP’s Vietnamese Power Project Signs MoU for Investment and Financing," CLP Holdings, Nov 5, 2015
  25. "Tái cơ cấu EVN: Thoái hết vốn tại Tài chính Điện lực, Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 3," NDH, 16 June 2017
  26. Implementation of Power Projects iIn the Revised Power Development Plan 7, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Republic of Vietnam, Jun. 4, 2019
  27. StanChart stops funding three S-E Asia coal plants worth US$7b, The Business Times, Dec. 19, 2019
  28. Hong Kong power giant CLP quits coal, Eco-Business, Dec. 19, 2019
  29. NGO Joint Statement on Mitsubishi Corporation’s Coal Policy, Friends of the Earth Japan, Oct. 21, 2019
  30. Tình hình thực hiện các dự án điện theo hình thức BOT ở Việt Nam, Feb. 14, 2020
  31. [Communication with GreenID, June 2020
  32. 32.0 32.1 Vinh Tan Power Plant Receives Funding Injection, Nhân Dân, Dec. 24, 2013.
  33. Vinh Tan 4 Thermal Power Plant's Contract Inked, talkvietnam, Dec. 24, 2013.
  34. Doosan to Construct Coal-fired Power Plant in Vietnam, BusinessKorea, 7 Feb. 2014.
  35. Beginning the construction of Vinh Tan 4 Thermal power Plant, Vietnam Energy, 13 Mar. 2014.
  36. Toshiba Wins Major Order in Vietnam for Coal-Fired Power Generation Project, Toshiba press release, 17 July 2014.
  37. Successful Installation of Boiler Main Girder of Vinh Tan 4 Power Plant, Vietnam Energy, 18 June 2015.
  38. Máy biến áp chính Tổ máy 1 Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4 vừa đóng nhận điện thành công, EVN press release, 20 July 2016.
  39. Hỏa hoạn ở nhà máy Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4, VN Express, 7 Mar. 2017.
  40. Cháy nhà máy nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4: Triệu tập nhà thầu Hàn Quốc, 24Gio, 8 Mar. 2017.
  41. Đốt than lần đầu thành công Tổ máy số 2 - Dự án Nhà máy Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4, EVN Genco 3 press release, 27 June 2017.
  42. 42.0 42.1 "Vinh Tan 4 Thermal Power Plant Under Construction In Binh Thuan, Vietnam," Global Power Journal, 12 July 2017
  43. "Nghiệm thu dự án Nhà máy Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân," Nang Luong, 20/04/2018
  44. Vinh Tan Thermal Power Company welcomes visitors, Năng Lượng, Oct. 31, 2018
  45. DANH MỤC CÁC DỰ ÁN NGUỒN ĐIỆN VÀO VẬN HÀNH GIAI ĐOẠN 2016 - 2030, Ban hành kèm theo Quyết định số 428/QĐ-TTg ngày 18 tháng 3 năm 2016 của Thủ tướng Chính phủ (LIST OF POWER PROJECT IN OPERATION PERIOD 2016 - 2030, Issued together with Decision No. 428 / QD - TTg of March 18, 2016 by the Prime Minister)
  46. "Groundbreaking Vinh Tan 4 Thermal Power Project Extension," Vietnam Energy, 26/04/2016
  47. Dự án Nhà máy nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4 mở rộng], EVN Genco 3 website, accessed June 2017.
  48. Toshiba cấp thiết bị cho nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4 mở rộng], Tien Phong, 3 June 2016.
  49. Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 4 Mở rộng có thể phát điện sớm hơn kế hoạch, EVN, Apr. 3, 2019
  50. Nhà máy nhiệt điện mở rộng Vĩnh Tân 4 kết nối thành công với lưới điện, Nhân Dân, Apr. 23, 2019
  51. Communication with GreenID, December 2019
  52. "Vietnam orders power plant to clean up after angry protest", theSundaily, April 16, 2015.
  53. Bob Burton, "What big coal’s happy-clappers missed about Vietnam’s growing coal headache," RenewEconomy, Apr 27, 2015
  54. 54.0 54.1 "Vietnam orders coal power plant to reduce pollution following 30-hour protest", Thanh Nien News, April 23, 2015.
  55. "Cháy tại Nhà máy Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân," RFA, 3 July 2017
  56. "Vietnam's deputy PM cracks whip at high pollution thermal plant", Asiaone, April 23, 2015.
  57. Nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 2 “trêu ngươi” tỉnh Bình Thuận, Lao Dong, 26 Jan. 2016.
  58. Nhà máy nhiệt điện Vĩnh Tân 1 xin đổ 1,5 triệu m3 chất thải ra biển, Lao Dong, 3 Nov. 2016.
  59. Lan Huong, "The risk of damaging the marine environment from the sludge of Vinh Tan 1," RFA, 1 July 2017
  60. " "Hồ sơ nhận chìm 1 triệu m3 bùn thải: Mạo danh nhiều nhà khoa học," Thanh Niên, 22 July 2017
  61. "Vietnam Scraps Controversial Plan to Dump Sediment in Sea Off Binh Thuan," Radio Free Asia, 9 August 2017
  62. "Vietnam Electricity subsidiary asks to dump 2.4 million m³ of ‘matter’ into sea," Tuoi Tre News, 9 July 2017
  63. "Dân hi sinh cho dự án Vĩnh Tân cần được hỗ trợ tương xứng," Tuổi Trẻ online, 15 December 2017
  64. Binh Thuan Province proposed not to sink mud into the sea, Đài Á Châu Tự Do, Jul. 2, 2018
  65. Vinh Tan 1 thermo-electric discharged into the sea without permission, Tuoi Tre, Mar. 9, 2019
  66. 66.0 66.1 KÝ THỎA THUẬN XÂY DỰNG NHÀ MÁY NHIỆT ĐIỆN VĨNH TÂN 3,, Oct. 17, 2013
  67. EVN Inks $120 Million Loan Deal for Two Power Plants, Tuoi Tre News, Jan. 8, 2013.

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