Welzow-Süd Coal Mine

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Welzow-Süd Coal Mine is an operating coal mine in Welzow, Brandenburg, Germany.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Mine Name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Welzow-Süd Coal Mine Welzow, Brandenburg, Germany 51.599444, 14.278889 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the coal mine:

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Project Details

Table 2: Project status

Status Status Detail Opening Year Closing Year
Operating[1] 1959[1]

Table 3: Operation details

Note: The asterisk (*) signifies that the value is a GEM estimated figure.
Capacity (Mtpa) Production (Mtpa) Year of Production Mine Type Mining Method Mine Size (km2) Mine Depth (m) Workforce Size
10.4[2] 2022[2] Surface Open Pit 108[1] 120[1] 837*

Table 4: Coal resources and destination

Total Reserves (Mt) Year of Total Reserves Recorded Total Resources (Mt) Coalfield Coal Type Coal Grade Primary Consumer/ Destination
Lignite Thermal

Table 5: Ownership and parent company

Owner Parent Company Headquarters
Lausitz Energie Bergbau AG[3] Energetický a průmyslový holding AS [50.0%]; PPF Investments Ltd [50.0%] Czech Republic

Note: The above section was automatically generated and is based on data from the GEM April 2024 Global Coal Mine Tracker dataset.


The Welzow-Süd coal mine is an open-cast mine near Wezlow, Brandenburg, Germany.[4][5]

The first Lusatian seam in the Welzow area was mined as early as the 19th century, usually in small pits. The Clara I Welzow mine began lignite mining on the Welzower plateau in 1866. In 1957, the first clearing and grading work began for today's open-cast mine.[6]

In August 2020, Germany passed a coal phaseout act which aims to gradually reduce and eventually end the use of coal-powered energy in the country by 2038.[7] According to the Oeko-Institut, a nonprofit environmental research institute, the shutdown of the Welzow-Süd open-cast mine is planned for 2031.[8] However, due to Russia's war in Ukraine, Germany is considering delaying the closure of some lignite power plants and is also considering bringing some recently closed lignite plants back online.[9]

  • Owner: Lausitz Energie Bergbau AG (LEAG)
  • Parent Company: Energetický a průmyslový holding AS [50.0%]; PPF Investments Ltd [50.0%]
  • Location: near Boxberg in Saxony, Germany
  • GPS Coordinates: 51.599444, 14.278889 (exact)
  • Mine Status: Operating
  • Production: 16.3 Mt (2021)[5], 10.4 Mt (2022)[10]
  • Total Resource:
  • Total Reserves:
  • Coal Type: Lignite
  • Mine Size: 108 km2
  • Mine Type: Surface
  • Start Year: 1959
  • Retirement Year: 2031 (expected)[8]


On May 13, 2016, more than 1,600 people occupied the open-cast mining site under the motto "End of the terrain" and blocked coal production.

In June 223, several hundred people demonstrated at the Welzone mine calling for the call phase-out by 2030. [11]

Articles and Resources

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of world coal mines, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Mine Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 https://web.archive.org/web/20240209182038/https://www.cleanenergywire.org/factsheets/germanys-three-lignite-mining-regions. Archived from the original on 09 February 2024. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://web.archive.org/web/20240208194454/https://www.leag.de/de/geschaeftsfelder/bergbau/. Archived from the original on 08 February 2024. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20240125040724/https://www.leag.de/en/company/. Archived from the original on 25 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. Germany's Three Lignite Mining Regions, Clean Energy Wire, 2018.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Business Fields: Mining", LEAG website, accessed June 2022.
  6. Tagebau Welzow-Süd auf Ostkohle.de
  7. "Germany: Law on Phasing-Out Coal-Powered Energy by 2038 Enters into Force", US Library of Congress website, August 31, 2020.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Analysis of power plant closure plans for Germany’s Lusatian mining district, The Oeko-Institut, accessed June 2022.
  9. "Germany to demolish village for coal, despite phaseout plans", E&E News, April 13, 2022.
  10. "Die Lausitzer Tagebaue". /www.leag.de. Retrieved February 2024. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. "Hunderte demonstrieren für raschen Kohleausstieg in der Lausitz". www.mdr.de. June 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)