Yayu power station

From Global Energy Monitor

The Yayu Power Station is a proposed 90-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Oromia Region, Ethiopia.

The proposal is related to the Yayu fertilizer complex (Amharic: ያዩ ዩሪያ ማዳበሪያ ኮምፕሌክስ ፕሮጀክት).


The complex is proposed in Yayu, about 530 Kms away from Addis Ababa in Oromiya Regional State, Illubabor Zone, Yayo Woreda.[1] The imagery below shows the site named "Yayo integrated Fertilizer Factory, Witate, Ethiopia" in Google Earth, which is presumably the site of the complex and proposed power station.

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State-owned military-industrial conglomerate Metal and Engineering Corporation (METEC) of Ethiopia signed an agreement in 2011 to build the country's first chemical fertilizer production factory. Plans include a 90 MW thermal power plant. It is to be located about 530 Kms away from Addis Ababa in Oromiya Regional State, Illubabor Zone, Yayo Woreda.[1]

In 2015, a contract was signed with China-based Shandong Runh Power Plant Engineering Technology to build the coal plant.[2]

In April 2019, the Government of Ethiopia cancelled the fertilizer project with METEC over years of construction delays.[3]

Tired of the limited progress of the Yayu fertilizer plant project, the Ethiopian government decided to open an international tender to establish a joint venture to complete the industrial complex. In November 2019, the country’s authorities confirmed that they had received several proposals from European and Asian companies, which had not yet been identified. The announcement suggested that the Cherifian Phosphate Office (OCP) – the Moroccan fertilizer giant – would be out of the game when it had previously been presented as a possible contender. Beyene Gebremeskel, the Minister in charge of Public Enterprises, made it clear that the call for tenders was "a partnership and not a sale": the State was first and foremost seeking financial and technical support to carry out the project. In addition to the fertilizer plant, the complex was still expected to include a coal mine and a 90 MW power plant.[2][4]

Though there appear to be no published updates on the proposed power station, imagery from Planet suggests that progress has been halted as of 2022. With no update since 2019, this project could be considered shelved.[5]

Coal Mine

The Yayu coal mine was expected to produce 300,000 tonnes of coal per annum, from a reserve base of 9 million tonnes.[6]

Environmental impacts

Coffee is an important cash crop in Yayu. Registered in 2010, Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere reserve is one of the five UNESCO registered biosphere reserves in Ethiopia. The Biosphere Reserve Management Plan released in June 2018 discussed the complex and noted that "[t]he emergence and implementation of large-scale development projects have adverse effects on the biodiversity of the area if not properly managed."[7]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: unknown
  • Parent company: unknown
  • Location: Yayu, Illubador Province, Oromia Region, Ethiopia
  • Coordinates: 8.37883, 35.93015 (exact)
  • Status: Shelved
  • Gross Capacity: 90 MW
  • Type:
  • Start date:
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Yayo Coal-Based Urea Fertilizer Complex Project," CIc Ethiopia, accessed November 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Ethiopia awaits proposals for revival of fertiliser complex," Bloomberg, November 4, 2019
  3. "Morocco’s fertilizer giant to take over Yayu fertilizer complex," The Reporter Ethiopia, April 13, 2019
  4. "Fertilizer: Ethiopia ready for joint venture to complete Yayu complex," Resources Magazine, November 2019
  5. "Planet Explorer". Planet. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
  6. Fasika Tadesse, Fertilizer Factory Construction Resumes After 10 Months, Addis Fortune, January 26, 2015
  7. "Yayu Coffee Forest Biosphere Reserve Management Plan," Oromia Environment, Forest and Climate Change Authority and Oromia Forest and WildLife Enterprise, June 2018

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External articles