Zhiwan Island LNG Terminal
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Zhiwan Island LNG Terminal (直湾岛LNG接收站) was a proposed LNG terminal in Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
- Owner: Macau Natural Gas Co. Shenzhen Energy Group
- Parent: Macau Natural Gas Co.
- Location: Zhuhai, Guangdong, China
- Coordinates: 21.990644, 114.153924 (approximate)
- Capacity: 5 mtpa
- Status: Proposed
- Type: Import
- Start Year: 2025
Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day
Macau Natural Gas Co. planned to develop a LNG terminal in 2006, cooperating with Sinopec, to supply natural gas to Macao and adjacent areas. The location was chosen on Huangmao Island, a territory of Zhuhai City which is 13 km southeast of Macao. The plan has no further news since then, and was apparently dropped.
Since 2015, Macau Natural Gas Co was planning a LNG terminal on Zhiwan Island of Zhuhai, which is 65 km southeast of Macao. The plan was included into Zhuhai's 13th Five-Year Plan. 
On December 2019, Macau Natural Gas Co., Ltd. signed a cooperation framework agreement with Beijing Jingneng Clean Energy Co., Ltd., a listed subsidiary of Beijing Energy Group, to jointly develop the Zhuhai Zhiwan Island LNG terminal and Zhuhai Yuhai Power Station. 
On August 2020, however, Macau Natural Gas Co., Ltd. signed a joint investment agreement to develop Zhuhai Zhiwan Island LNG terminal with China National Reserve Group in Beijing. Beijing Energy Group presumedly no longer involve in the project.
On March 2021, Macau Natural Gas Co., Ltd. signed a letter of intent on natural gas supply with Shenzhen Energy Group. According to the letter of intent, the proposed Zhiwan Island LNG terminal is going to supply natural gas to the Zhuhai Yuhai Gas Power Station, which is currently under-construction.
According to the "Three-year Action Plan for Promoting the Development of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area in Guangdong Province (2018-2020)", the total investment of the project is RMB 16.5 billion ($2.5 billion). The first phase has a designed receiving capacity of 5 mtpa, which will be implemented in two stages, with 3 mtpa and 2 mtpa of each stage respectively. The project is expected to complete in 2025. 
Articles and resources
- "澳門100億珠海建LNG氣站 ｜ 蘋果日報". Apple Daily 蘋果日報 (in 中文). 2006-07-28. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- "共推直湾岛LNG接收站！深圳能源与澳门天然气公司签合作意向！-国际能源网能源资讯中心". www.in-en.com. 2021-03-12. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- "直湾岛LNG接收站将建三条海底管道直通粤港澳 广东省人民政府门户网站". www.gd.gov.cn. 2019-12-23. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
- "珠海直湾岛接收站迎来新玩家！中国国储集团与澳门天然气达成合作-国际燃气网". gas.in-en.com. 2020-08-08. Retrieved 2021-03-29.