AMBO Oil Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

AMBO Oil Pipeline was a proposed oil pipeline in the Balkans.[1]


The pipeline would run from the Black Sea Port in Burgas, Bulgaria, to the port of Vlorë, Albania.

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Project Details

  • Operator: AMBO Pipeline Limited[1]
  • Operator: AMBO Pipeline Limited[1]
  • Operator: AMBO Pipeline Limited[1]
  • Proposed capacity: 750,000 barrels per day
  • Length: 816 kilometers[2]
  • Expected cost: $2 million USD[3]
  • Status: Proposed[2]


AMBO was first conceived in the summer of 1993. On 27 December 2004, prime-ministers of Albania, the Republic of Macedonia (now North Macedonia) and Bulgaria, along with the president and CEO of AMBO, signed an MoU for the pipeline.[4] On 31 January 2007, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Albania signed a trilateral convention on the construction of the AMBO pipeline.[5] The pipeline was expected to be operational by 2011,[6] but construction never began.

In 2011 AMBO said the project has kept a low profile in recent years while seeking major investors and waiting for the timing of the project to materialize.[7]

As of 2017 the project has yet to materialize or move forward.

In 2022, the project was taken over by AMBO Pipeline Limited and revived, although the project has yet to ascertain a source of funding.[8]


The aim of the 912 kilometer-long pipeline was to bypass the Turkish Straits in transportation of Russian and Caspian Sea oil. The pipeline was expected to cost about US$1.5 billion and it would have a capacity of 750,000 barrels per day.[9] There would be four pump stations, two in Bulgaria and one each in the Republic of Macedonia and Albania, constructed along the route. A pre-front-end engineering and design study (FEED) was to be prepared by KBR Company.[6]

Project company

The pipeline was to be built and operated by the US-registered Albanian Macedonian Bulgarian Oil Corporation (AMBO). The project was backed by the US government, who financed a feasibility study of pipeline.[10]

Alternative projects

Other pipeline projects were the Burgas-Alexandroupolis Oil Pipeline from Burgas to the Aegean Port Alexandroupoli in Greece, and the Pan-European Oil Pipeline from Constanţa in Romania to Trieste in Italy. Compared with Burgas-Alexandroupoli pipeline, the AMBO pipeline would be longer and more expensive.[11]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 AMBO Oil Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
  2. 2.0 2.1 AMBO Pipeline. "AMBO Pipeline". AMBO Pipeline. Retrieved Jan 30th, 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. AMBO Pipeline. "AMBO Pipeline" (PDF). AMBO Pipeline. Retrieved Jan 30th, 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. "Go-ahead for Balkan oil pipeline". BBC News. 2004-12-28. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  5. Marina Stojanovska (2007-02-14). "AMBO pipeline deal clears another hurdle". Southeast European Times. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Granitsas, Alkman (2007-04-26). "Official: Trans-Balkan Pipeline to Begin Ops by 2011". Downstream Today. Dow Jones Newswires. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  7. "INTERVIEW: Trans-Balkan AMBO oil pipeline still viable project," Platts, 11 Nov 2011
  8. "W e l c o m e t o t h e A M B O P i p e l i n e E x p e r i e n c e" (PDF). AMBO Pipeline. 2022. Retrieved Jan 30th, 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help); line feed character in |title= at position 32 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. Barry Wood (2004-12-30). "Balkan Oil Pipeline Agreement Moves Project Closer to Reality". Voice of America. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  10. "AMBO Pipeline Moves Forward: Interview with Gligor Tashkovich". 2005-01-09. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
  11. "AMBO Trans-Balkan Pipeline Agreement Finally Signed". 2004-12-29. Retrieved 2008-04-05.

Related articles

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on AMBO Oil Pipeline. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.