Pan-European Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Pan-European Oil Pipeline, also known as the Constanta Trieste Oil Pipeline, was a proposed oil pipeline in Southern Europe and the Balkans.
The pipeline would run from Constanţa in Romania via Serbia and Croatia to Rijeka, Croatia, and from there through Slovenia to Trieste, Italy.
- Operator: Conpet Ploiești, Oil Terminal Constanța, Transnafta, JANAF
- Capacity: 1,800,000 barrels per day
- Length: 1,856 kilometers
- Status: Cancelled
- Cost: US$2–3.5 billion (US$2.75 billion midpoint)
The Pan-European Oil Pipeline (PEOP) is a proposed oil pipeline from Constanţa in Romania via Serbia and Croatia to Rijeka and from there through Slovenia to Trieste in Italy. The aim of the pipeline is to bypass Turkish straits in the transportation of Russian and Caspian oil to Central Europe. In Trieste the pipeline will be connected with the Transalpine Oil Pipeline, running to Austria and Germany. The 1,856 kilometres (1,153 mi) long pipeline is expected to cost about €3.5 billion. The capacity of the pipeline will be 1.2 million and 1.8 million barrels per day (~6.0×107 and ~9.0×107 t/a). It is planned to be operational by 2012.
In 2016, Serbia Energy reported that the proposal "has been effectively abandoned." As of 2020, plans for the project have not materialized.
The project was originally proposed in 2002. Signing of the memorandum of understanding on the construction of the pipeline was several times delayed until on 3 April 2007 it was signed by officials of Croatia, Italy, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia during an energy forum in Zagreb. On 22 April 2008 Romanian, Serbian and Croatian companies signed an agreement establishing the Pan-European Oil Pipeline Project Development Company (PEOP PDC). On 10 July 2008 Shareholders adopted the Statute and appointing the Managing Board of the PEOP PDC Plc.
The national governments of Romania, Serbia and Croatia are favorable about the project. Most engaged is the President of Romania, Traian Băsescu, who has cited a study estimating the benefits of the project for Romania over 20 years of operation in the range between US$2.27 to 4.39 billion. The Government of Serbia is also politically motivated so as to decrease its dependence on crude oil supply from Croatia.
In 2006, the Government of Slovenia did not support the project because the 29-km long stretch would pass the environmentally sensitive Karst terrain and no national interest exists regarding oil supply. Nevertheless, Slovenian representatives in 2009 expressed support for the project.
On January 15, 2010, JANAF decided to freeze its involvement in PEOP. The Romanian and Serbian companies responded by saying they would still build the pipeline from the Black Sea to the Pančevo refinery.
The pipeline project is developed by the London-registered Pan-European Oil Pipeline Project Development Company, comprising Romanian companies Conpet Ploiești and Oil Terminal Constanța, Serbian company Transnafta and Croatian company JANAF. One of the main purposes of the company is promotion of the Pan European Oil Pipeline and subsequently attracting new investors. Italian and Slovenian companies are invited to participate in the project.
Articles and resources
- Pan-European Oil Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
- Sekularac, Ivana (2008-06-04). "Funds still short for Pan-European Oil Pipeline". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-05-30.
- Ivana Sekularac (2008-06-04). "Funds still short for Pan-European Oil Pipeline". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- "Serbia, Croatia, Romania: Will Gazprom push PEOP oil pipeline East-West connection - Serbia SEE Energy Mining News". Serbia SEE Energy Mining News. 2016-04-05. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
- "Pan-European Oil Pipeline Agreement Signed". Environment News Service. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2007-04-06.
- "Romania, Croatia, Serbia Sign Oil Pipeline Deal". AFP. 2008-04-22. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- "Meeting of PEOP project development company shareholders held in Zagreb". AFP. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2008-08-22.
- Pan European Oil Pipeline
- "Romania halts construction of PanEuropean pipeline". ACT Media News Agency. 2006-04-13. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
- "Beograd: Potpora izgradnji PEOP-a". Poslovni dnevnik (in Croatian). 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2010-12-03.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
- "PEOP se neće graditi bez Janafa". Poslovni dnevnik (in Croatian). 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2010-12-03.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)