Transalpine Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Transalpine Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline in Italy and Germany.
The main pipeline (known as TAL-IG) originates in Trieste, Italy and travels north through Austria to the Ingolstadt refinery outside Lenting, Germany. At Lenting, the TAL-NE spur pipeline branches east to the Bayernoil refinery in Neustadt, Germany, while the TAL-OR branch continues west to the MiRO refinery in Karlsruhe, Germany.
- Parent company: OMV (25%), Royal Dutch Shell (24%), ExxonMobil (16%), Rosneft (5.5%), Eni S.p.A. (10%), BP (14.5%), ConocoPhillips (3%), Total S.A. (2%)
- Current capacity: 850,000 barrels per day
- Length: 753 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1967
The Transalpine Pipeline (TAL) is a crude oil pipeline, which connects Italy, Austria and Germany. The feasibility study of the pipeline was carried out by Bechtel in 1963. The pipeline was commissioned in 1967, at a cost of around US$ 192 million.
The pipeline starts from the marine terminal in Trieste. From Trieste, the pipeline runs through the Alps to Vohburg, where it connects with the Ingolstadt Kralupy Litvínov Oil Pipeline, which supplies oil refineries in the Czech Republic. It could be used to reverse the southern branch of the Druzhba Oil Pipeline to supply Slovakia. In Würmlach, Austria, the Adria-Wien Oil Pipeline (AWP) branches off from the Transalpine Pipeline. It supplies the OMV refinery in Schwechat, Austria.
In May 2022, the Czech Republic noted it was in negotiations to increase its investment and possibly raise its steak in TAL, in order to decrease the nation's dependence on Russian oil via the Druzhba Oil Pipeline. Czech Republic Industry and Trade Minister Jozef Sikela also noted the desire for a capacity expansion of the pipeline, if other shareholders agreed, to be in place by 2024.
The pipeline is owned by the consortium of eight oil companies. The current shareholders are:
- OMV (25%)
- Shell (24%)
- ExxonMobil (16%)
- Ruhr Oel (a joint venture of Rosneft and BP)(11%)
- Eni (10%)
- BP (9%)
- ConocoPhillips (3%)
- Total SA (2%)
In 2008, the Czech unit of PKN Orlen, Unipetrol, was negotiating to buy a 2% interest in the pipeline.
In August 1972, four explosions -- at least one of which was caused by an explosive charge -- resulted in three oil reservoirs catching fire near Triste. The incident resulted in about 150,000 tons of oil spilling and 18 firefighters were injured.
Articles and resources
- Transalpine Oil Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
- "Route". Retrieved 2020-09-23.
- "Czech Republic negotiating for 2 pct stake in Tal oil pipeline". Forbes. 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "Slovakia in talks on reversing flow of Druzhba oil pipeline". Government of Croatia. 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "Ministerial declaration on pan-European oil pipeline signed in Zagreb". Forbes. 2007-03-04. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- Bogdan Preda (2004-11-09). "New Pipeline to Pump Caspian Oil to Europe". Neftegaz. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "Czechs ready to invest in upgrading key pipeline to replace Russian oil". euronews. 2022-05-06. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
- 3 Oil Reservoirs Near Trieste Burn After 4 Explosions, The New York Times, 5 Aug. 1972