Transalpine Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Transalpine Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline in Italy and Germany.
The pipeline originates in Trieste, Italy, crosses through Austria, and terminates in Karlsruhe, Germany.
- Operator: OMV (25%), Royal Dutch Shell (24%), ExxonMobil (16%), Rosneft (5.5%), Eni S.p.A. (10%), BP (14.5%), ConocoPhillips (3%), Total S.A. (2%)
- Current capacity: 850,000 barrels per day
- Length: 753 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1967
The Transalpine Pipeline (TAL) is a crude oil pipeline, which connects Italy, Austria and Germany. The feasibility study of the pipeline was carried out by Bechtel in 1963. The pipeline was commissioned in 1967, at a cost of around US$ 192 million.
The pipeline starts from the marine terminal in Trieste. From Trieste, the pipeline runs through the Alps to Vohburg, where it connects with the Ingolstadt Kralupy Litvínov Oil Pipeline, which supplies oil refineries in the Czech Republic. It could be used to reverse the southern branch of the Druzhba Oil Pipeline to supply Slovakia. In Würmlach, Austria, the Adria-Wien Oil Pipeline (AWP) branches off from the Transalpine Pipeline. It supplies the OMV refinery in Schwechat, Austria.
The pipeline is owned by the consortium of eight oil companies. The current shareholders are:
- OMV (25%)
- Royal Dutch Shell (24%)
- ExxonMobil (16%)
- Ruhr Oel (a joint venture of Rosneft and BP)(11%)
- Eni (10%)
- BP (9%)
- ConocoPhillips (3%)
- Total SA (2%)
In 2008, the Czech unit of PKN Orlen, Unipetrol, was negotiating to buy a 2% interest in the pipeline.
In August 1972, four explosions -- at least one of which was caused by an explosive charge -- resulted in three oil reservoirs catching fire near Triste. The incident resulted in about 150,000 tons of oil spilling and 18 firefighters were injured.
Articles and resources
- Transalpine Oil Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
- "Czech Republic negotiating for 2 pct stake in Tal oil pipeline". Forbes. 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "Route". Retrieved 2020-09-23.
- "Slovakia in talks on reversing flow of Druzhba oil pipeline". Government of Croatia. 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- "Ministerial declaration on pan-European oil pipeline signed in Zagreb". Forbes. 2007-03-04. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- Bogdan Preda (2004-11-09). "New Pipeline to Pump Caspian Oil to Europe". Neftegaz. Retrieved 2008-05-25.
- 3 Oil Reservoirs Near Trieste Burn After 4 Explosions, The New York Times, 5 Aug. 1972