Abayskaya Coal Mine

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Abayskaya Coal Mine (Абайская, Абай) is a mothballed coal mine in Volny, Abay, Karaganda, Kazakhstan.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Mine Name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Abayskaya Coal Mine Volny, Abay, Karaganda, Kazakhstan 49.68629, 72.75919 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the coal mine:

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Project Details

Table 2: Project status

Status Status Detail Opening Year Closing Year
Mothballed Care and Maintenance 1954

Table 3: Operation details

Note: The asterisk (*) signifies that the value is a GEM estimated figure.
Capacity (Mtpa) Production (Mtpa) Year of Production Mine Type Mining Method Mine Size (km2) Mine Depth (m) Workforce Size
0.31[1] 2021[1] Underground Longwall 500* *

Table 4: Coal resources and destination

Total Reserves (Mt) Year of Total Reserves Recorded Total Resources (Mt) Coalfield Coal Type Coal Grade Primary Consumer/ Destination
14[2] 222[2] Karaganda Bituminous Met ArcelorMittal Temirtau steel plant

Table 5: Ownership and parent company

Owner Parent Company Headquarters
ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC NUH Baiterek JSC Kazakhstan

Note: The above section was automatically generated and is based on data from the GEM April 2024 Global Coal Mine Tracker dataset.


The Abayskaya Coal Mine (шахта Абайская) is an UNDERGROUND coal mine in Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan.

The Abayskaya coal mine is an underground coal mine. It is operated by ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC, the Kazakh subsidiary of ArcelorMittal. It is part of ArcelorMittal's Karaganda Mine Complex, which supplies coal to the ArcelorMittal Temirtau steel plant.[3][4][5]

In January 2008, an explosion at the mine killed 30 miners.[6]

In November 2021, operations at Abayskaya mine were suspended due to a methane blast accident which killed six miners and injured two. Operations were meant to remain suspended until the state commission completes its investigation into the incident's causes.[7] In June 2022 it was reported that following an investigation, 200 cases of non-compliance with industrial safety procedures by the company were uncovered.[8] However, later in 2022, the criminal investigation into the incident was closed.[9]

According to S&P Global, the suspension of operations should not have affected the 2021-22 production of the mine. Abayskaya has already delivered the volume planned for the full year (2021) of 0.31 million tonnes as of November 2021.[10]

Later source from September 2022 referred to the mine as non-producing as production preparation was not carried out in time.[11] Another media source from August 2023 stated that the mine was undertaking installation and dismantling work and was planning to commission a new longwall in October 2023.[12] It therefore appeared that indeed the mine was not producing, as of August 2023.

A media report from June 2023 stated that coal production by ArcelorMittal's eight underground mines in Kazakhstan declined from 11 million tonnes in 2015 to 7 million tonnes in 2022, and 4 out of 8 mines are planned for closure (Abayskaya was not one of them).[13]

Following the tragic accident at Kostenko coal mine on 28 October 2023 killing 45 people, Kazakh President ordered his cabinet to stop investment cooperation with ArcelorMittal Temirtau.[14] Arcelor Mittal confirmed on October 28th that they have been in discussions with the government and recently signed a preliminary agreement for a transaction that will transfer ownership of ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC to the Republic of Kazakhstan.[15] The sale was completed in December 2023. Under the terms of the transaction, on closing ArcelorMittal has received consideration of $286 million and a further $250 million as repayment of outstanding intra-group dues. ArcelorMittal will also receive an additional sovereign-fund guaranteed payment of $450 million, paid in four equal annual instalments, as repayment of an intra-group loan. The new owners is Qazaqstan Investment Corporation, as state-owned direct investment fund which is owned by the national holding Baiterek.[16][17]

  • Owner: ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC
  • Parent: NUH Baiterek JSC
  • Location: Volny, Abay District, Karaganda (Qaraǵandy) Region, Kazakhstan
  • GPS Coordinates: 49.686290, 72.759190 (exact)
  • Status: Mothballed
  • Production: 0.31 Mt (2021)[10]
  • Total Resource: 222 million tonnes (2021)[18]
  • Total Reserves: 14 million tonnes (2021)[18]
  • Coal Type: Bituminous (Met)[19][20]
  • Mine Type: Underground
  • Start Year: 1954
  • Workforce: 2,000
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and Resources

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of world coal mines, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Mine Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.


  1. 1.0 1.1 https://www.spglobal.com/commodityinsights/en/market-insights/latest-news/metals/110921-activities-at-arcelormittals-abayskaya-coal-mine-in-kazakhstan-halted-until-probe-over. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20240121011955/https://corporate.arcelormittal.com/media/r4wjndhb/arcelor-mittal-annual-report-2021.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. Угольный департамент, ArcelorMittal Temirtau website, accessed Apr. 2021.
  4. Абайская (шахта), Wikipedia (Russian), accessed Apr. 2021.
  5. Шахта «Абайская», MiningWiki.ru, accessed Apr. 2021.
  6. Авария на шахте «Абайская», MiningWiki.ru, accessed Apr. 2021.
  7. "Activities at ArcelorMittal's Abayskaya coal mine in Kazakhstan halted until probe over", S&P Global, November 9, 2021.
  8. "В гибели горняков на шахте "Абайская" 100% вина предприятия". https://inbusiness.kz/. June 2022. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. "Гибель шахтеров на шахте «Абайская»: уголовное дело закрыто". https://rus.azattyq.org/. November 2022. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Activities at ArcelorMittal's Abayskaya coal mine in Kazakhstan halted until probe over". https://www.spglobal.com/. November 2021. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. "Правительство полностью потеряло контроль над развитием угольных шахт Караганды – депутат". kazpravda.kz. September 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. "Победы к профессиональному празднику – Дню шахтера". /inkaraganda.kz. August 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. "Казахстан в отношениях с Митталом выступает в роли терпилы". novoetv.kz. June 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. "At least 32 dead, 14 missing after ArcelorMittal mine fire in Kazakhstan". www.reuters.com. October 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. "ArcelorMittal can confirm that earlier on the 28th October, a tragic accident occurred at its Kostenco coal mine". arcelormittal.com. 28 October 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. "Arcelor Mittal completes sale of Temirtau". corporate.arcelormittal.com. December 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. "О Корпорации". qic.kz. December 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Annual Report 2021, ArcelorMittal, accessed July 2022.
  19. Mining, AcelorMittal website, accessed July 2022.
  20. "Угольный департамент". https://www.arcelormittal.kz/. Retrieved January 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help); External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)