Afşin-Elbistan coal mines

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The Afşin-Elbistan coal mines are a network of opencast and underground mines, operated by Afşin- Elbistan Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Afşin Elbistan Electricity Production and Trade inc.) and owned by Electricity Generation Company (Elektrik Üretim A.Ş, EÜAŞ) with a capacity of 14 million tonnes per annum, in Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.[1]

The mines provide fuel to the proposed Afşin-Elbistan power complex. The complex includes the Afşin-C, Afşin-D, Afşin-E, and Kışlaköy mines.


The map below shows the exact location of the Afşin-Elbistan mines in Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

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27% of Turkey proven lignite reserves are situated in the Afşin-Elbistan coalfield.[2] The coalfield is divided into six sectors; A, B, C, D, E and G. Among these, sector A is also known as Kışlaköy, and sector B as Çöllolar.

Kışlaköy Mine

The only operational mine in the coalfield is situated in the Kışlaköy (A) sector. [3] In Kışlaköy, coal production started in 1984. To operate the mine TKI (Turkey Coal Operations Authority) established the the Afşin-Elbistan Linyit İşletmeleri Müesseseliği(Afşin-Elbistan Lignite Operations Company) or AELI in 1975. [4] In 1995 AELI was given under the authority of another government body, TEAŞ (Turkey Electricity Production and Distribution). In 2004, when TEAŞ was re-organized as three different public sector companies, the mine's control was passed on to EÜAŞ.[5] In December 2018, the Kışlaköy mine's operation was passed on to a private company, Afşin- Elbistan Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş. (Afşin Elbistan Electricity Production and Trade inc.),[3] a subsidiary of Çelikler Holding.[6] However, the ownership of the mine remains in EÜAŞ.[3]

The Kışlaköy site is an open-pit mine.[4] The mine was built to feed the Afşin-Elbistan A power plant, which started operations in the same year as the mine, 1984.[5]

Çöllolar Mine

A second mine was established in sector B (Çöllolar) in 2007 to feed the Afşin-Elbistan B power plant. The mine was a joint project of EÜAŞ and Park Teknik, a private company. However, a landslide in 2011 destroyed the mine, and it was not rebuilt. Since then, the coal for the Afşin-Elbistan B coal plant is acquired from the Kışlaköy Mine.[3]

Plans for Additional Mines

As of 2019, EÜAŞ completed multiple feasibility studies for potential coal mines in Afşin C, E and G sectors. [3]

Mine Details

  • Owner: Euas Electricity Generation Company (Elektrik Üretim A.Ş, EÜAŞ)
  • Operator: Afşin Elbistan Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş.
  • Parent company of the operator: Çelikler Holding
  • Location: Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
  • GPS coordinates: 38.340685, 37.082979 (exact)
  • Mine status: operating[7]
  • Production: 14 million tonnes per annum[7]
  • Reserves: 3400 million tonnes resources in basin[7]; with 4840 million tonnes (2013)[8]
  • Start year: 1984
  • Coal type: lignite
  • Mine type: surface and underground
  • Power station: Afşin-Elbistan power complex

Articles and resources


  1. Philip M. Mobbs, "2010 Minerals Yearbook: Turkey", United States Geological Survey, April 2012, page 56.7
  2. Türkiye'nin Işığı: 2018 Faaliyet Raporu . Elektrik Üretim Anonim Şirketi. Report.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Türkiye'ye Güç Veriyoruz: 2019 Faaliyet Raporu . Elektrik Üretim Anonim Şirketi. Report.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Yörükoğlu, Mustafa (September 1991). "Afşin-Elbistan Projesi ve TKİ Kurumu AELÎ Müessesesinde Madencilik Çalışmaları(Afşin-Elbistan Mining Project and Mining Activities at AELl Establishment of TKİ)" (PDF). Madencilik. 30 (3): 13–29. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Muzaffer Basaran Afşin Elbistan Havzasında Yeni Yatırım Yapmanın Sorunları ve Öneriler . Chamber of Electrical Engineers. Report.
  6. "Afşin Elbistan Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret A.Ş." Çelikler Holding. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ABMEC
  8. Prospects for coal and clean coal technologies in Turkey, IEA Clean Coal Center], July 2014

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