Angamos power station

From Global Energy Monitor

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This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Chile.
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Angamos is a 545-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Mejillones, II Region, Chile.

Location

The map below shows the plant, which is located in Mejillones' industrial zone.

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Background

Construction began in 2008 for this US$1.3 billion plant, which serves the world's largest copper mine (Escondida).[1] The plant, the first significant addition to northern Chile's SING (Sistema Interconectado del Norte Grande) power grid in the past decade, was completed ahead of schedule, with Unit 1 going online in April 2011 and Unit 2 following six months later.[2] It received widespread recognition within the industry for its modern design, including an advanced air quality control system and seawater cooling towers that were the first of their kind in South America. In 2012, the Angamos facility won Power Magazine's "Plant of the Year" award[3] and the international EEI Edison award.[4]

In mid-2016, the Chilean environmental agency SMA (Superintendencia del Medio Ambiente) charged the Angamos plant with several infractions of environmental regulations, including excessive emissions of pollutants in 2015.[5]

Planned Phase-out

In June 2019, Chilean president Sebastián Piñera released a plan drafted by the Chilean Ministry of Energy detailing the decommissioning schedule for all Chilean coal-fired plants. According to the plan, Angamos power station will cease operations no later than 2040, though the specific decommissioning date is yet to be determined. AES Gener agrees to consult with the government every five years to renew details of the plan, taking into account system stability requirements, energy costs, and environmental goals.[6]

In August 2020, AES Gener signed a US $840.1 million deal with the multinational BHP Group, allowing for the early termination of power purchase agreements with BHP's Chilean copper mines and processing plants, which are switching to cheaper renewables. BHP had been scheduled to purchase power from the Angamos coal plant through 2029, but now will discontinue its energy purchases from AES Gener effective August 8, 2021. AES Gener announced that it would continue to sell power from the Angamos plant on the spot market as long as necessary to stabilise Chile's grid, with an eye to closing the plant thereafter. In the meantime, AES Gener will invest US$200 million from the BHP deal in new renewables capacity.[7][8]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: AES Generation South America
  • Parent company: AES
  • Location: Mejillones, II Region, Chile
  • Coordinates: -23.0662683, -70.3701192 (exact)
  • Status:
    • Unit 1: Operating
    • Unit 2: Operating
  • Gross Capacity:
    • Unit 1: 272.5 MW
    • Unit 2: 272.5 MW
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Projected in service: 2011
  • Coal Type: Bituminous, Subbituminous
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing: Korea Trade Insurance Corporation (US$677 million)[9]

Articles and resources

References

  1. "AES Gener launches construction at Angamos coal-fired plant,", BNAmericas, August 27, 2008.
  2. "AES Gener concreta entrada en operación comercial de unidad II de termoeléctrica Angamos,", Emol Economía, October 14, 2011.
  3. "Plant of the Year: AES Gener’s Angamos Power Plant Earns POWER’s Highest Honor,", Power Magazine, August 1, 2012.
  4. "AES Gener Wins International EEI Edison Award,", EEI, June 4, 2012.
  5. "SMA formula cargos en contra de Central Termoeléctrica Angamos de Mejillonesd,", SMA, June 28, 2016.
  6. "Plan de Descarbonización y Retiro de Centrales Termoeléctricas a Carbón en Chile, Anuncio del gobierno de Sebastián Piñera" (PDF). Chile Sustentable. June 4, 2019.
  7. "BHP's Chilean mines to terminate coal PPAs with AES Gener". Renewables Now. August 10, 2020.
  8. "BNamericas - AES Gener, mining firms sign US$720mn termination of coal-fired PPAs". BNamericas. August 10, 2020.
  9. Joojin Kim and Soyoung Lee, “Financing Dirty Energy: How Korean Public Financial Institutions Support Coal Power,” SFOC, Jan 2018

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External resources