ArcelorMittal Gent steel plant
|This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
ArcelorMittal Gent steel plant (also known as ArcelorMittal Ghent) is a 5000-thousand tonnes per annum (ttpa) blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) steel plant in Vlaanderen, in Belgium. ArcelorMittal Gent steel plant operates a blast furnace (BF) and basic oxygen furnace (BOF).
The map below shows the exact location of the steel plant in Gent, in Belgium.
Traditionally the steelworks of Belgium had been concentrated in the southern half of the country, in Wallonia, close to the historic coal mining areas at the edge of the Rhenish Massif; which in part defined the area that came to be known as the Sillon industriel including the regions of Liege and Hainaut.
In the 1920s the Luxembourg-based steel company ARBED began buying land next to the Ghent–Terneuzen Canal, and by 1932 the company had acquired 2.11km2. Economic depression in the 1930s, the second world war and its aftermath prevented plans for a new steel plant. However by the 1950s the economic conditions had become favorable again, and the company began exploring the possibility of a plants' construction.
At the beginning of the 1960s preliminary work began towards the construction of a new plant; the canal was to be dredged to enable Panamax size ships to use the canal, Arbed's land holding increased and on 27 April 1962 the European Coal and Steel Community approved the plants construction. The company Siderurgie Maritime NV (Sidmar) was formed on 10 July 1962, with a capital of 4.5 billion Belgian franc, of which 2 billion came from Arbed, as well as 1 billion from Cockerill-Sambre. Schneider, the Société Générale de Belgique, Compagnie Belge de Participations (COBEPA) and Compagnie Financière et Industrielle (COFININDUS) also backed the scheme, and loans were got from state banks.
Amongst the steelworkers of the Walloon region the development was not so well received; in May 1960 union leader André Renaud declared it to be, "La guillotine de la Wallonie."
Construction began in 1964, with a cold rolling mill completed in March 1966, and a hot rolling operational by the end of that year, the first blast furnace in 1967 and a second in 1968. Expansion continued in the early 1970s with a coking factory and second cold rolling mill.
The 1973–75 recession caused a crisis in the global steel market in the mid-1970s. Though the company fared better than the southern Belgian steel producers, investors other than Arbed disposed of their shares; Cockerill sold its 21.9% share to Arbed in 1975 due to its own financial problems, giving Arbed, which had previously increased its holding to 62.2% by 1973 a large majority shareholding of over 80%.
By the beginning of the 1980s some re-investment and expansion started again; a continuous rolling mill in 1981, as well as acquiring stakes in ALZ, and Klöckner Stahl. In 1989 Sidmar's steel capacity represented 30% of total Belgian steel production. In 1994 Sidmar acquired majority share ownership of Stahlwerke Bremen (formerly Klöckner Stahl, currently ArcelorMittal Bremen) from Klöckner.
Further investment in the 1990s and 2000s gave the plant galvanising facilities (through a joint venture Galtec with Dutch steelmaker Hoogovens opened 1998, and renamed Sidgal in 2002, followed by two more lines Sidgal 2 and Sidgal 3 in 2000. and later the ability to continuous cast slab steel, as well as blast furnace expansion.
In 2021, ArcelorMittal Belgium stated that it aims to decarbonize the Gent plant by 2030, and will reduce CO2 emissions by 3.9 million tonnes per year by building a 2.5 million-tonne direct reduced iron (DRI) plant and two electric furnaces at its Gent site, representing a 1.1 billion Euro investment.
- Alternative plant names: ArcelorMittal Ghent
- Location: John Kennedylaan 51, B-9042 Gent, Belgium
- GPS Coordinates: 51.169929, 3.804462 (exact)
- Plant status: operating
- Start year: 1966
- State-owned entity status: N/A
- Parent company: ArcelorMittal SA [100%]
- Parent company PermID: 5000030092 [100%]
- Owner: ArcelorMittal SA
- Owner company PermID: 5000030092
- Crude steel production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum): 5000.0
- Basic oxygen furnace / Blast furnace (BOF/BF): 5000
- Crude iron production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum): 4430
- 2020 production (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Basic oxygen furnace / Blast furnace (BOF/BF): 4100
- Additional proposed (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Steel product category: semi-finished; finished rolled
- Steel products: rail; billet; pipe; panel; slab
- Steel sector end users: automotive; building and infrastructure; energy; steel packaging; transport; tools and machinery
- Workforce size: 1933 (estimated as total ArcelorMittal Belgium workforce divided by 3 plants) 
- ISO14001 certification year: 2020
- ISO50001 certification year: 2021
- Responsible steel certification year: July 2021
- Main production equipment: blast furnace (BF) and basic oxygen furnace (BOF)
- Detailed production equipment: coking plant; 2 sinter plants; 2 BF (BF B relined in 2021); BOF (number unknown)
Articles and Resources
- Pasleau, Suzanne (2002–2003). "Caractéristiques des bassins industriels dans l'Eurégio Meuse-Rhin". Fédéralisme Régionalisme. 3.
- "ArcelorMittal Gent : The history of ArcelorMittal Gent in a nutshell". www.arcelormittal.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- Cohen, M.L. (2006). "Arcelor Gent". International Directory of Company Histories. Gale.
- Mommen, André (1994), The Belgian economy in the twentieth century, Routledge
- Leboutte, René (2008), Histoire économique et sociale de la construction européenne (in French), Peter Lang
- Capron, Michel (1987), "The State, the Regions and Industrial Redevelopment: The Challenge of the Belgian Steel Crisis", in Mény, Yves; Wright, Vincent (eds.), The Politics of steel: Western Europe and the steel industry in the crisis years (1974-1984), Walter de Gruyter, pp. 692–790
- de Jong, H. W. (1993). The Structure of European industry. Springer. p. 73.
- The Mineral Industry of Belgium and Luxembourg, U.S. Geological Survey, 1994, pages 86-7
- Newman, Harold R., The Mineral Industry of the Netherlands (1998), U.S. Geological Survey, 1998
- Barrett, Richard, Sidmar strives to satisfy galvanizing demand, Dec. 4, 2000
- Steel in Progress : Sidmar Annual Report 2002, Sidmar, 2002
- "ArcelorMittal signs letter of intent with the governments of Belgium and Flanders, supporting €1.1 billion investment in decarbonisation technologies at its flagship Gent plant". ArcelorMittal in Belgium. 2021-09-28. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- Contact, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020
- "Factbook 2020" (PDF). ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- This is how ArcelorMittal Gent produces steel, ArcelorMittal, Archived: Jul. 19, 2011, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020
- "Latest Developments in Steelmaking Capacity - 2021" (PDF). OECD. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 27, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- "Map of EU steel production sites" (PDF). Eurofer. 2019-11-13. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- European Plant Tour Investors, M. Jhenl, 2017, Retrieved on: Feb. 28, 2020
- "Applications". ArcelorMittal in Belgium. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- "About us". ArcelorMittal in Belgium. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- "ISO14001 Certification" (PDF). ArcelorMittal in Belgium. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- "ISO50001 Certification" (PDF). ArcelorMittal in Belgium. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- "Issued Certificates". Responsible Steel. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- ArcelorMittal Gent Production Departments, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020
- Fact Book 2018, ArcelorMittal, 2019
- Investor Days, ArcelorMittal Belgium, Sep. 20, 2018, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020