ArcelorMittal Ghent steel plant

From Global Energy Monitor
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ArcelorMittal Ghent or ArcelorMittal Gent (Dutch) is an integrated steel plant in Ghent, Belgium near Zelzate, Flanders.[1] It was founded in 1962 by ARBED as Sidmar; the first maritime steel producer in Belgium.[2]

Location

The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Ghent, Belgium.

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Background

History

Traditionally the steelworks of Belgium had been concentrated in the southern half of the country, in Wallonia, close to the historic coal mining areas at the edge of the Rhenish Massif; which in part defined the area that came to be known as the Sillon industriel including the regions of Liege and Hainaut.[3]

In the 1920s the Luxembourg-based steel company ARBED began buying land next to the Ghent–Terneuzen Canal, and by 1932 the company had acquired 2.11km2. Economic depression in the 1930s, the second world war and its aftermath prevented plans for a new steel plant.[4] However by the 1950s the economic conditions had become favorable again, and the company began exploring the possibility of a plants' construction.[5]

At the beginning of the 1960s preliminary work began towards the construction of a new plant; the canal was to be dredged to enable Panamax size ships to use the canal, Arbed's land holding increased and on 27 April 1962 the European Coal and Steel Community approved the plants construction.[4] The company Siderurgie Maritime NV (Sidmar) was formed on 10 July 1962,[4] with a capital of 4.5 billion Belgian franc, of which 2 billion came from Arbed, as well as 1 billion from Cockerill-Sambre. Schneider, the Société Générale de Belgique, Compagnie Belge de Participations (COBEPA) and Compagnie Financière et Industrielle (COFININDUS) also backed the scheme, and loans were got from state banks.[6]

Amongst the steelworkers of the Walloon region the development was not so well received; in May 1960 union leader André Renaud declared it to be, "La guillotine de la Wallonie."[7]

Sidmar

Construction began in 1964, with a cold rolling mill completed in March 1966, and a hot rolling operational by the end of that year, the first blast furnace in 1967 and a second in 1968. Expansion continued in the early 1970s with a coking factory and second cold rolling mill.[5]

The 1973–75 recession caused a crisis in the global steel market in the mid-1970s. Though the company fared better than the southern Belgian steel producers,[8] investors other than Arbed disposed of their shares; Cockerill sold its 21.9% share to Arbed in 1975 due to its own financial problems, giving Arbed, which had previously increased its holding to 62.2% by 1973 a large majority shareholding of over 80%.[8]

By the beginning of the 1980s some re-investment and expansion started again; a continuous rolling mill in 1981, as well as acquiring stakes in ALZ, and Klöckner Stahl. In 1989 Sidmar's steel capacity represented 30% of total Belgian steel production.[9] In 1994 Sidmar acquired majority share ownership of Stahlwerke Bremen (formerly Klöckner Stahl, currently ArcelorMittal Bremen) from Klöckner.[10]

Further investment in the 1990s and 2000s gave the plant galvanising facilities (through a joint venture Galtec with Dutch steelmaker Hoogovens opened 1998,[11] and renamed Sidgal in 2002, followed by two more lines Sidgal 2 and Sidgal 3 in 2000.[12][13] and later the ability to continuous cast slab steel, as well as blast furnace expansion.[5]

In 2002, as part of Arbed the company became part of Arcelor, and was renamed Arcelor Ghent in 2006.[4] Under ArcelorMittal ownership production continued, as ArcelorMittal Ghent.[4]

Plant Details

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 ArcelorMittal Gent Production Departments, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 This is how ArcelorMittal Gent produces steel, ArcelorMittal, Archived: Jul. 19, 2011, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020
  3. Pasleau, Suzanne (2002–2003). "Caractéristiques des bassins industriels dans l'Eurégio Meuse-Rhin". Fédéralisme Régionalisme. 3.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "ArcelorMittal Gent : The history of ArcelorMittal Gent in a nutshell". www.arcelormittal.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Cohen, M.L. (2006). "Arcelor Gent". International Directory of Company Histories. Gale.
  6. Mommen, André (1994), The Belgian economy in the twentieth century, Routledge
  7. Leboutte, René (2008), Histoire économique et sociale de la construction européenne (in French), Peter Lang
  8. 8.0 8.1 Capron, Michel (1987), "The State, the Regions and Industrial Redevelopment: The Challenge of the Belgian Steel Crisis", in Mény, Yves; Wright, Vincent (eds.), The Politics of steel: Western Europe and the steel industry in the crisis years (1974-1984), Walter de Gruyter, pp. 692–790
  9. de Jong, H. W. (1993). The Structure of European industry. Springer. p. 73.
  10. The Mineral Industry of Belgium and Luxembourg, U.S. Geological Survey, 1994, pages 86-7
  11. Newman, Harold R., The Mineral Industry of the Netherlands (1998), U.S. Geological Survey, 1998
  12. Barrett, Richard, Sidmar strives to satisfy galvanizing demand, Dec. 4, 2000
  13. Steel in Progress : Sidmar Annual Report 2002, Sidmar, 2002
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Contact, ArcelorMittal, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 European Plant Tour Investors, M. Jhenl, 2017, Retrieved on: Feb. 28, 2020
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Fact Book 2018, ArcelorMittal, 2019
  17. Investor Days, ArcelorMittal Belgium, Sep. 20, 2018, Retrieved on: Mar. 10, 2020

External resources

External articles

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