Baltic Pipeline System 1

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Baltic Pipeline System 1 (BPS) is a Russian oil transport system operated by the oil pipeline company Transneft.


The BPS transports oil from the Timan-Pechora region, West Siberia and Urals-Volga regions to Primorsk oil terminal at the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland.[1]

Loading map...

Project Details

  • Operator: Transneft
  • Current capacity: 1,500,000 barrels per day
  • Proposed capacity:
  • Length: 2,157 kilometers / 1,340 miles
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1999


Construction of the pipeline system occurred in three phases. Phase one was a 1,300-km section that connected Yaroslavl – Kirishi – Primorsk in 1999. Phase two was a 147-km section that connected Haryaga to Usa in 2001. Phase three was an additional 710-km pipeline that increased capacity to Primorsk, completed in 2002.[2] In April 2006 the Baltic Pipeline System reached full design capacity.[3]

Technical features

Main elements of the BPS-1 are:

  • Yaroslavl-Kirishi pipeline
  • Kirishi pumping station
  • Kirishi-Primorsk pipeline
  • Oil terminal in Primorsk.[4]

The capacity of the BPS-1 is 76.5 million tons of oil per year.[3]


During planning and construction stages the project was criticized by environmentalists, mainly because of the Baltic Sea's status as a particularly sensitive sea area and Primorsk’s proximity to the Beryozovye Islands nature reserve, a major bird sanctuary protected by the Ramsar Convention.[5]


Main article: Baltic Pipeline System 2

The Baltic Pipeline System-2 (BPS-2) is a second trunk line of the system running from the Unecha junction of the Druzhba pipeline near the Russia-Belarus border to the Ust-Luga terminal on the Gulf of Finland with a 172-km long branch line to the Kirishi oil refinery. The construction of the BPS-2 started on 10 June 2009.[6] and it entered in function in late March 2012.[7]

Articles and resources


  1. "Baltic Pipeline System". Vis-Mos. Retrieved Aug 27, 2021.
  2. Baltic Pipeline System (BPS), Environmental Centre IFPA, accessed September 2019
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Baltic Pipeline System Set To Reduce Transit Dependency". St. Petersburg Times. 2006-04-11. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  4. "The Baltic Pipeline System – the key federal project in the Leningrad Region". Leningrad Oblast Administration. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  5. Sergei Grivenkov (December 2000). "What impact will a new port in the Baltic have on the environment?". Journal Evropa. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2007-12-29. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. "Russia builds Baltic oil pipeline to bypass Belarus". EurActiv. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-30.

External resources

Wikipedia also has an article on the Baltic Pipeline System. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.