Baltic Pipeline System 1

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Baltic Pipeline System 1 (BPS) (Russian: Балтийская трубопроводная система (БТС-1)) is an oil pipeline system in Russia.


The pipeline runs from Yaroslavl to Primorsk, Russia.[1][2]

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Project details

Kirishi-Primorsk oil pipeline

The pipeline runs from Kirishi to Primorsk, Russia.[3]

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Yaroslavl-Kirishi oil pipeline

The pipeline runs from Yaroslavl to Kirishi, Russia.[7]

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  • Operator: Transneft-Baltika[4]
  • Owner: Transneft[4]
  • Parent company: Transneft
  • Capacity: 28 mtpa[7]
  • Length: 1,079.8 km[4]
    • Yaroslavl-Kirishi 1 pipeline: 539.9 km
    • Yaroslavl-Kirishi 2 pipeline: 539.9 km
  • Diameter: 720 mm[4]
  • Status:
    • Yaroslavl-Kirishi 1 pipeline: Operating[5][7]
    • Yaroslavl-Kirishi 2 pipeline: Retired[8][9]
  • Start Year: 2001[6]
  • Cost:
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure: Kharyaga-Usa Oil Pipeline, Usa-Ukhta Oil Pipeline, Kharyaga Oil Field

Palkino-Primorsk oil pipeline

The pipeline runs from Palkino pumping station near Provodnevo, Yaroslavl Oblast, to Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast, Russia—parallel to Yaroslavl-Kirishi and Kirishi-Primorsk pipelines.[10]

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Russian government made the decision to build the Baltic Pipeline System (BPS) on October 16, 1997. The main purpose of the BPS is to export oil to the countries of Northern Europe from the fields of the Timan-Pechora oil and gas province, as well as the regions of Western Siberia and the Ural-Volga region through a new terminal in the Gulf of Finland. In 1997, Transneft prepared a Rationale for Investments in BPS, which was considered by the Expert Council under the Government of the Russian Federation. At the beginning of 1999, Transneft started developing design and estimate documentation.[11]

The BPS transports oil from Kharyaga oil field to Primorsk, reconstructing some existing pipelines on the route and building new ones: Kharyaga-Usa, Usa-Ukhta, Ukhta-Yaroslavl, Yaroslavl-Kirishi, and Kirishi-Primorsk pipelines.[11][12]

Some sources include the whole route from Kharyaga to Primork as BPS, while others refer to the portion from Yaroslavl to Primorsk as BPS. This page considers BPS as an oil pipeline starting from Yaroslavl. Hence, the main elements of the BPS-1 are:

  • Yaroslavl-Kirishi pipeline
  • Kirishi pumping station
  • Kirishi-Primorsk pipeline
  • Palkino-Primorsk pipeline
  • Oil terminal in Primorsk.[13]

Yaroslavl-Kirishi 2 oil pipeline converted to a diesel pipeline in 2015.[8][9]


During planning and construction stages the project was criticized by environmentalists, mainly because of the Baltic Sea's status as a particularly sensitive sea area and Primorsk’s proximity to the Beryozovye Islands nature reserve, a major bird sanctuary protected by the Ramsar Convention.[14]


Main article: Baltic Pipeline System 2

The Baltic Pipeline System-2 (BPS-2) is a second trunk line of the system running from the Unecha junction of the Druzhba pipeline near the Russia-Belarus border to the Ust-Luga terminal on the Gulf of Finland with a 172-km long branch line to the Kirishi oil refinery. The construction of the BPS-2 started on 10 June 2009.[15] and it entered in function in late March 2012.[16]

Articles and resources


  1. "Cхема Балтийской Трубопроводной Системы". Retrieved 2023-01-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. "Baltic Pipeline System". Retrieved 2023-01-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Нефтепровод Кириши - Приморск I (Балтийская трубопроводная система БТС)". Retrieved 2023-03-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 "От скважины к рынку: Тарифы за прокачку нефти и тарифные методики в отдельных странах-членах Энергетической Хартии" (PDF). 2007-01. Retrieved 2023-01-23. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |date= (help); line feed character in |title= at position 21 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Тарифы "Транснефти" по прокачке нефти в 2023 году вырастут на 5,99%". (in русский). 2022-12-08. Retrieved 2023-01-23.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Балтийская трубопроводная система". Retrieved 2023-01-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Нефтепровод Ярославль - Кириши I (Балтийская трубопроводная система БТС)". Retrieved 2023-03-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Проект "Север" перепрофилируют под транспортировку светлых нефтепродуктов - Российская газета". Российская газета. 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2023-03-01.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Транснефть завершила 1-й этап вытеснения нефти из нефтепровода Ярославль-Кириши-2 по проекту «Север»" (in русский). Retrieved 2023-03-01.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "'Транснефть' увеличила мощность Балтийской трубопроводной системы до 30 миллионов тонн нефти в год". 2003-11-04. Retrieved 2023-03-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Baltic Pipeline System (BPS). Экоцентр". Retrieved 2023-01-23.
  12. "ГЕОПОЛИТИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ МОРСКИХ СТРАТЕГИЙ НЕФТЯНОГО ЭКСПОРТА РОССИИ". 2020. Retrieved 2023-01-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. "The Baltic Pipeline System – the key federal project in the Leningrad Region". Leningrad Oblast Administration. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  14. Sergei Grivenkov (December 2000). "What impact will a new port in the Baltic have on the environment?". Journal Evropa. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2007-12-29. {{cite news}}: Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  15. "Russia builds Baltic oil pipeline to bypass Belarus". EurActiv. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-30.

External resources

Wikipedia also has an article on the Baltic Pipeline System. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.