Baltic Pipeline System 1

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Baltic Pipeline System 1 (BPS) is a Russian oil transport system operated by the oil pipeline company Transneft.


The BPS transports oil from the Timan-Pechora region, West Siberia and Urals-Volga regions to Primorsk oil terminal at the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Transneft
  • Current capacity: 1,500,000 barrels per day
  • Proposed capacity:
  • Length: 2,157 kilometers / 1,340 miles
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1999


Construction of the pipeline system occurred in three phases. Phase one was a 1,300-km section that connected Yaroslavl – Kirishi – Primorsk in 1999. Phase two was a 147-km section that connected Haryaga to Usa in 2001. Phase three was an additional 710-km pipeline that increased capacity to Primorsk, completed in 2002.[1] In April 2006 the Baltic Pipeline System reached full design capacity.[2]

Technical features

Main elements of the BPS-1 are:

  • Yaroslavl-Kirishi pipeline
  • Kirishi pumping station
  • Kirishi-Primorsk pipeline
  • Oil terminal in Primorsk.[3]

The capacity of the BPS-1 is 76.5 million tons of oil per year.[2]


During planning and construction stages the project was criticized by environmentalists, mainly because of the Baltic Sea's status as a particularly sensitive sea area and Primorsk’s proximity to the Beryozovye Islands nature reserve, a major bird sanctuary protected by the Ramsar Convention.[4]


Main article: Baltic Pipeline System 2

The Baltic Pipeline System-2 (BPS-2) is a second trunk line of the system running from the Unecha junction of the Druzhba pipeline near the Russia-Belarus border to the Ust-Luga terminal on the Gulf of Finland with a 172-km long branch line to the Kirishi oil refinery. The construction of the BPS-2 started on 10 June 2009.[5] and it entered in function in late March 2012.[6]

Articles and resources


  1. Baltic Pipeline System (BPS), Environmental Centre IFPA, accessed September 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Baltic Pipeline System Set To Reduce Transit Dependency". St. Petersburg Times. 2006-04-11. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  3. "The Baltic Pipeline System – the key federal project in the Leningrad Region". Leningrad Oblast Administration. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  4. Sergei Grivenkov (December 2000). "What impact will a new port in the Baltic have on the environment?". Journal Evropa. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2007-12-29. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "Russia builds Baltic oil pipeline to bypass Belarus". EurActiv. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-30.

Related articles

Existing Pipelines in Russia

External resources

Wikipedia also has an article on the Baltic Pipeline System. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

External articles