Baltic Pipeline System 2

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Baltic Pipeline System 2 (BPS-2), also known as Unecha - Ust-Luga oil pipeline (Russian: Балтийская трубопроводная система-II БТС-2, Нефтепровод Унеча - Усть-Луга) is a second trunk line of the Baltic Pipeline System. The pipeline was constructed and is operated by Russian oil pipeline company Transneft.[1][2] The BPS-2 was completed in 2011 and commissioned in late March 2012.[3]


The pipeline originates in Unecha and terminates in Ust-Luga.

Loading map...

Project details

  • Operator: Transneft[1][2]
  • Owner: Transneft[4]
  • Parent company: Transneft
  • Capacity: 36 mtpa[5]
  • Length: 1000 km[6][7][4]
  • Diameter: 1067-1020 mm[4]
  • Status: Operating[6][8]
  • Start Year: 2012[3][6]
  • Cost: RUB 2 billion[9]
  • Financing: Transneft[9]
  • Associated infrastructure:


The project was proposed after an Russia-Belarus oil transit dispute between Russia and Belarus at the beginning of January 2007, and was approved by the Russian government on 21 May 2007.[1][10][11]

Although in April 2008 Russia's Ministry of Industry and Energy submitted a negative profitability report regarding the pipeline, Russia opted to develop its own infrastructure for exporting hydrocarbons, bypassing former Soviet transit countries. The main goal of the pipeline is to protect Russia and its partners from the transit countries' possible decisions to raise tariffs or siphon off hydrocarbons.[12] On 1 December 2008 then Prime Minister Vladimir Putin signed a resolution ordering construction.[13]

The construction started on 10 June 2009.[14] Construction was completed in October 2011. The opening of export terminal at Ust-Luga was postponed until 2012 due to damage by landslips.[15]


The pipeline system runs from the Unecha junction of the Druzhba pipeline near the Russia-Belarus border to the Ust-Luga terminal on the Gulf of Finland. The length of the pipeline from Unecha to Ust-Luga is 998 km and the length of the branch line to Kirishi oil refinery is 172 km. The pipeline passes Bryansk, Smolensk, Tver, Novgorod, and Leningrad regions.[10][16]

Technical description

The initial capacity of the pipeline at the first stage was 10 million tons of oil per year, which was planned to be upgraded to 50 million tons during the second stage.[17][18][19] Of this, 12 million tons will be transported to Ust-Luga and 12 million tons to Kinef|Kirishi refinery. Diameter of the pipeline will vary between 1,020 and 1,067 mm.[17]

The construction cost is estimated at US$4 billion.[14] The second stage is expected to be completed by December 2013.[13][19]

The pipeline will have eight pumping stations. During the first stage, two new pumping stations were built, and two pumping stations (in Unecha and Andreapol) were renovated. During the second stage, four new pumping stations will be added, and the pumping station №7 will be equipped with a tank farm with a capacity of 80,000 m3. In addition, the oil terminal in Ust-Luga was built.[17]

Contaminated oil

In May 2019 it was reported that parts of the pipeline had been shut down after contaminated oil was sent through the Druzhba section to several EU countries.[20] The contaminated oil contained 330 parts per million (ppm) of chloride versus a usual level of 10 ppm.[20]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Oil route to bypass Belarus might be ready in less than 18 months". RT (TV network). 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2009-11-09. {{cite news}}: Text "RT" ignored (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Transneft Launches Construction of 2nd Stage of Baltic Pipeline". Turkish Weekly. RIA Novosti. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2009-11-09.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Groszkowski, Jakub (2012-04-18). "Czech concerns over the future of the Druzhba oil pipeline". CE Weekly. Centre for Eastern Studies. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Развитие системы магистральных трубопроводов ОАО «АК «Транснефть»" (PDF). 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2023-01-23. {{cite web}}: line feed character in |title= at position 31 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Нефтепровод Унеча-Усть-Луга вышел на рабочий режим - Северо-Запад || Интерфакс Россия" (in русский). Retrieved 2023-01-23.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Нефтепровод Унеча - Усть-Луга (Балтийская трубопроводная система-II БТС-2)". Retrieved 2023-01-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. "ГЕОПОЛИТИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ МОРСКИХ СТРАТЕГИЙ НЕФТЯНОГО ЭКСПОРТА РОССИИ". 2020. Retrieved 2023-01-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. "Тарифы "Транснефти" по прокачке нефти в 2023 году вырастут на 5,99%". (in русский). 2022-12-08. Retrieved 2023-01-23.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Мощность нефтепровода Унеча – Усть-Луга снизилась на 40% из-за урагана" (in русский). Retrieved 2023-01-23.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "PM Fradkov orders second leg of Baltic Pipeline System". RIA Novosti. 2007-05-21. Retrieved 2007-12-29.
  11. Geropoulos, Kostis (2007-05-26). "BPS-2 to redirect oil volumes from Druzhba pipeline". New Europe. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-12-29. {{cite news}}: Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  12. "Russia Pipeline Extends Reach" (PDF). Iran Daily. 2008-05-24. Retrieved 2008-06-08.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Putin Clears New Baltic Pipeline to Cut Oil Transit". Downstream Today. AFX News Limited. 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Russia builds Baltic oil pipeline to bypass Belarus". EurActiv. 2009-06-11. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-30. {{cite news}}: Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  15. Stolyarov, Gleb; Zhdannikov, Dmitry; Pinchuk, Denis (2011-11-25). "Exclusive - Russia delays damaged Ust-Luga oil port launch". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  16. "Map of pipeline on builder cite" (in Russian). Transneft. Retrieved 2009-09-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "Official page of project" (in Russian). Transneft. Retrieved 2009-09-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  18. Astakhova, Olesya (2011-10-20). "Russia cuts Baltic Belarus by-pass oil flow plan". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Konończuk, Wojciech (2009-06-17). "The construction of the BPS-2 oil pipeline starts" (PDF). EastWeek. Centre for Eastern Studies (172). Retrieved 2009-06-30.
  20. 20.0 20.1 [1], 112 UA, May 8, 2019

Related articles

Existing Pipelines in Russia

External resources

Wikipedia also has an article on the Baltic Pipeline System and Baltic Pipeline System-II. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

External articles