Bhadreshwar Thermal Power Project (Adani)

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Bhadreshwar Thermal Power Project (Adani) is a cancelled power station in Bhadreshwar, Mundra, Kutch, Gujarat, India. It is also known as Kutch Bhadreshwar.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Bhadreshwar Thermal Power Project (Adani) Bhadreshwar, Mundra, Kutch, Gujarat, India 22.909409, 69.899944 (approximate)

The map below shows the approximate location of the power station.

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Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 2 cancelled coal - unknown 660 supercritical
Unit 1 cancelled coal - unknown 660 supercritical
Unit 3 cancelled coal - unknown 660 supercritical
Unit 5 cancelled coal - unknown 660 supercritical
Unit 4 cancelled coal - unknown 660 supercritical

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 2 Kutchh Power Generation Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 1 Kutchh Power Generation Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 3 Kutchh Power Generation Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 5 Kutchh Power Generation Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 4 Kutchh Power Generation Ltd [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Permit(s): May 20, 2010 – Environmental Clearance; Terms of Reference: 2009-11-04


Source of financing:


The plant would be constructed near the Mundra Port, in district Kutchh in Gujarat, India.[1]

December 2011: Project placed on hold due to coal supply problems

In December 2011, Adani Power said that it was putting 6,500 MW of capacity expansion projects on hold due to coal supply uncertainties. The plants on hold include Pench Thermal Power Project in Madhya Pradesh, Bhadreshwar Thermal Power Project (Adani) in Gujarat, and Dahej Thermal Power Project in Gujarat.[2]

Project revived

In May 2014 Adani said it planned on setting up a power station of nearly 10,000 MW (three phases of 3,300 MW) to export power to Pakistan, since Gujarat was already a power-surplus state. The project would use land that Adani's Kutchh Power Generation Limited had already acquired in Bhadreshwar. According to an unidentified source, Adani Power has discussed the proposal of the Kutch project with the UPA-II government, "but there was not much progress."[3]

December 2016: Project appears to be abandoned

As of May 2016 the project has not advanced since the May 2014 revival announcement, and plans appear to be shelved or abandoned. As of December 2016, the project is not mentioned on Adani's list of upcoming projects.[4]

Citizen opposition

Fisherfolk and salt pan workers in Kutch district have organized in opposition to the project. Activists have objected to the open cycle once-through cooling system due to the impacts of thermal pollution on marine ecology.[5]

According to the Bhadreshwar fishing community trade union, local communities in the vicinity of other coal plants on the Kutch coast have suffered from coal dust and fly ash especially during summer months due to arid conditions and the direction of wind towards land. Concerns include the effect of air pollution on fish drying and salt production, as well as on the famous Jain Vasai teerth, a pilgrimage destination for members of the Jain religion. Residents note that over 1,000 families are dependant on traditional fishing, and that the cumulative effects of multiple power plants have not been adequately considered. The trade union notes that the Adani Foundation has offered a compensation package to the fishing community but that the amount of the package (Rs.4 Crores) is a "lollipop," especially compared to the Rs.20 Crores of annula revenue from fishing on the Bhadreshwar coast.[6]

In September 2010 local residents submitted the following letter and an accompanying petition to the Ministry of Environment and Forests:[7][8]

The main purpose of this letter is to bring to your attention our concern that the manner, in which the Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) has planned the public hearing for the KPGL power plant, will render the public hearing as an empty formality. We have seen the draft EIA reports which have been submitted by KPGL. The project uses ONCE THROUGH COOLING SYSTEM which is likely to cause extensive damage to marine ecology. However, key information such as marine EIA, which is important for local communities to get a complete idea of the project impacts, is missing in the documents submitted. It is meaningless to conduct the public hearing without giving required information about the project impacts and without giving sufficient opportunity for the affected persons to express their views about the project. The issues related to the KPGL public hearing are explained in more detail in
In view of the above issues with the public hearing of the KPGL power plant, we demand that:
1. The KPGL public hearing on 5th October must be cancelled and held on a separate date in Bhadreshwar village itself or close to the project location, if the project location is changed.
2. Alternate sites such as Tunda in West Mundra must be considered for the KPGL project as Bhadreshwar in East Mundra is one of the last few remaining fishing settlements for traditional fisherfolk.
3. Comprehensive EIA with full year data or at-least EIA of summer season is required as the KPGL power plant is a large project and conditions in Kutch coast are such that worst pollution is experienced in summer months. The entire EIA must be done again in a rigorous and systematic manner.
4. The Marine EIA report needs to be published along with other documents submitted for the public hearing.’
5. Cumulative impact of proposed projects such as OPG power project, KPGL power project coming up in Bhadreshwar village and other projects on Mundra coast needs to be studied before considering the Environment Clearance for the KPGL project.
6. The Fishing community objects to the CSR report which mentions that the community is demanding for alternate employment. This report needs to be withdrawn. A moratorium needs to be announced on schemes and grants to community on the eve of the public hearing and any CSR programme has to be developed in consultation with the local communities likely to be affected by the project.
October 6, 2010 public hearing in Luni village, Gujarat

In 2010, before the public hearings on October 5th to discuss the Bhadreshwar power plant, fishermen in Kutch expressed concern over the “extensive damage to the marine ecology.” They argued that the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) does not include a study on marine impact. The public hearing was still set to proceed, despite local concerns.[9]

In January 2013, the fishermen of the Mundra region protested against the building of the Bhadreshwar plant. The protest included over 3,000 villagers, including fishermen, salt pan workers, and farmers, in a 50 km rally from Bhadreshwar in Kutch to the district headquarter in Bhuj. Men, women, and children held placards and shouted slogans to draw attention to the large impact the power plant would have on their livelihoods, specifically the marine life.[10]

Activist groups

Articles and Resources


  1. "Power Generation" Adani Power, accessed July 2011
  2. "Adani Power holds 6,500-Mw expansion," Business Standard, December 28, 2011
  3. "Adani mulls exporting electricity to Pakistan," Indian Express, May 21, 2014
  4. "Upcoming Projects," Adani Power, accessed December 2016
  5. "Fishermen’s voice in Kutch still unheard, public hearings for Adani projects to go ahead," Machimar Adhikar Sangharsh Sangathan (MASS), Kutch, Gujarat, September 29, 2010
  6. "NO Thanks: Fisherfolk reject CSR package and say NO to Adani's KPGL power project in Bhadreshwar," Machimar Adhikar Sangharsh Sangathan (MASS), Kutch, Gujarat, October 17, 2010
  7. "Support for the Bhadreshwar fishworkers' Demand,", September 16, 2010
  8. "Bhadreshwar Thermal Power Plant, Gujarat, India" Environmental Justice Atlas, accessed April 4, 2014.
  9. “Fishermen’s voice in Kutch still unheard, public hearings for Adani projects to go ahead”, The Indian Express, September 29, 2010.
  10. “Villagers protest against Tata, Adani’s power projects”, Business Standard, January 20, 2013.

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.