Breza Coal Mine

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Breza Coal Mine is an operating coal mine in Breza, Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Mine Name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Breza Coal Mine Breza, Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.0021733831571, 18.2555356927778 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the coal mine:

Loading map...

Project Details

Table 2: Project status

Status Status Detail Opening Year Closing Year
Operating 1907

Table 3: Operation details

Note: The asterisk (*) signifies that the value is a GEM estimated figure.
Capacity (Mtpa) Production (Mtpa) Year of Production Mine Type Mining Method Mine Size (km2) Mine Depth (m) Workforce Size
0.4[1] 2021[1] Underground & Surface Mixed 60* 900[2]

Table 4: Coal resources and destination

Total Reserves (Mt) Year of Total Reserves Recorded Total Resources (Mt) Coalfield Coal Type Coal Grade Primary Consumer/ Destination
28 49 Subbituminous Thermal Kakanj Thermal Power Plant

Table 5: Ownership and parent company

Owner Parent Company Headquarters
RMU Breza doo Elektroprivreda BiH dd [90.4%]; others [9.6%] Bosnia and Herzegovina

Note: The above section was automatically generated and is based on data from the GEM April 2024 Global Coal Mine Tracker dataset.


Breza coal mine is an underground and surface mine in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

There are two underground mine sections Sretno and Kamenice and a surface section Koritnik.[3] The Breza coal mine is located 20 km northwest of the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It started operating in 1907 when the first mine was opened at this location.

RMU Breza has 2 underground mines, Kamenice and Sretno. Kamenice is located southeast of the Sretno mine, and the two mines are interconnected by a common ventilation system and a common conveyor for the transport of coal from the mine.[3] The company's website mentions also a surface section Koritnik.[3][4]

Coal from the mine is used to supply the Kakanj Thermal Power Plant.[5][6]


The Breza brown coal mine has been the the engine of local development, but has been grumbling for years in problems caused by reckless management, excessive employment and the accumulation of debts. Due to the poor management of the mine, the municipality itself has stagnated and there has been no investment in the last ten years. Personnel are voluntarily leaving the company. The most important problem for RMU Breza workers, in addition to safety at work, is unpaid contributions for health and pension insurance. Only if you become seriously ill will the company pay the arrears. When they meet the legal norm for pension, mine employees can wait even longer than a year for the first pension payment, until the employer settles the pension insurance obligations.[5]

As of July 2022, there were 993 workers working in this mine, which is about 300 less than in the previous year when EPBiH started restructuring the mines. As many as 317 employees are disabled.[5] Since 2013, 18 miners died at the mine.[5] As of June 2023, it was 900 workers.[7]

Restructuring and Potential Closure

The parent company Elektroprivreda BiH is undertaking restructuring and recapitalization of its seven coal mines over 2021-2023. The company also planned to adjust its coal mines with the national plan to reduce emissions, which will affect the drop in overall production (5 million tons of coal in 2021 is expected to drop to 4.6 by 2022 and 4.3 in 2023).[8]

Experts anticipate that none of Bosnia’s remaining 11 coal mines will remain operational in the coming decades as eco pressure grows and the country seeks to clean up as it courts EU membership.[9][10]

The mine workers anticipate the closure of the mine as well in a few years' time, according to an interview from July 2022.[5]

An article from June 2023 referred to the mine soon receiving a concession for the exploration and exploitation of coal, which should alleviate its problems as well as provide additional income to the municipality.[7] The nature and the scope of the concession were not clear.

  • Owner: RMU Breza doo[3]
  • Parent: Elektroprivreda BiH[4]
  • Location: Breza, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Coordinates: 44.003972034868866, 18.255722489970097 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Production: 0.68 million tonnes (2017-2018)[11], 0.524Mt (2020)[12], 0.4 Mt (2021 estimate based on 10m 2021)[12]
  • Total Resource: 49 million tonnes (2008)[13]
  • Total Reserves: 28 million tonnes (2008)[13]
  • Coal Type: Subbituminous (Thermal)[13]
  • Mine Type: Underground
  • Start Year: 1907
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and Resources

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of world coal mines, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Mine Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.


  1. 1.0 1.1 (PDF) {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. Archived from the original on 21 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "About us". Retrieved January 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help); External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Brown coal mine "Breza"". Retrieved January 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help); External link in |website= (help); line feed character in |title= at position 16 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 "Ima li Breze bez rudnika?". July 2022. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "CURRENT STATE OF COAL MINES OF THE EP BIH CONCERN AND LONG TERM PLAN OF COAL SUPPLY FOR THERMAL POWER PLANTS "TUZLA" AND "KAKANJ"" (PDF). 2016. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help); line feed character in |title= at position 50 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Uskoro koncesija Rudniku uglja Breza, općini novi prihodi za poboljšanje standarda građana". / June 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. "Coal mining sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). 2021. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. "Down in a hole: Bosnia miners fear green revolution". November 2021. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. "Seismic Shift Under Way In Bosnia After Pledge To End Coal Industry". November 23, 2021. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. "The Mineral Industry of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2017-2018" (PDF). 2020. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Informacija o stanju u rudnicima FBiH" (PDF). November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "CURRENT STATE OF COAL MINES OF THE EP BIH CONCERN AND LONG TERM PLAN OF COAL SUPPLY FOR THERMAL POWER PLANTS "TUZLA" AND "KAKANJ"" (PDF). 2016. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help); line feed character in |title= at position 50 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)