Kakanj Thermal Power Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

Kakanj Thermal Power Plant is a 450-megawatt (MW) brown coal-fired power station in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Two additional 300 MW units have been proposed. The new additions are also referred to as Kakanj B.


The undated satellite photo below shows the power station near Kananj.

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The plant is owned and operated by Elektroprivreda BiH, a publicly owned power utility. The plant supplies electricity to the grid and heat to the city of Kakanj.[1]

On its website, Elektroprivreda BiH stated that 32 megawatt (units 1 and 2) were commissioned in 1956. A further two 32MW units were commissioned in 1960. These four units have now been decommissioned. The 110 MW Units 5 and 6 were commissioned in 1969 and 1977. Both these units were modernized in the mid 1990's following the Bosnian War. The 230 MW Unit 7 was commissioned in 1988 and then rebuilt.[1]

In March 2022, a proposal was made to extend the operation of Unit 5 until 2028. The Energy Community Secretariat said this was "a clear breach of the obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina under the Energy Community Treaty".[2] In October 2022, Energy Community initiated action against Bosnia and Herzegovina over the decision. They claimed that the country had breached pollution limits and failed to install necessary upgrades as mandated by the Large Combustion Plants Directive. BiH had two months to respond to the decision.[3]

Coal supply

Elektroprivreda BiH stated on its website that the Kakanj power station burned approximately 1.8 million tons of coal from "mines Kakanj, Breza and Zenica, and in smaller amount mines Gračanica, Bila and Livno."[1]

Proposed expansion

Unit 8

A possible 300 MW expansion was floated by Elektroprivreda BiH. China National Electric Engineering CO., Ltd (CNEEC) reportedly expressed interest in the project. In May 2011, Elektroprivreda BiH stated that CNEEC had gained Chinese government and bank support to finance the project. It was also reported that construction of the new unit was "planned in mid-2013".[4]

A long-range plan for Elektroprivrede released in 2014 showed Unit 8 as scheduled for construction in 2018 and entering service in 2022.[5]

On its website (2014), Elektroprivreda BiH stated that the power station received an environmental permit, and construction was scheduled to begin in 2015 and end in 2019.[6]

According to a March 2017 report by Bankwatch, the plant’s original environmental permit expired.[7] A new one appeared issued in July 2017.[8]

On May 21, 2019, it was reported that the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) had tasked the state-owned power utility EPBiH "to accelerate all activities related to the projects for the construction of new units at existing coal-fired thermal power plants Tuzla (unit 7) and Kakanj (unit 8), as well as the project for the construction of TPP Banovici near the coalmine of the same name."[9]

In late 2021, the ministry released the non-technical summary of the request for an environmental permit for public comment. Unit 8 was described as a proposed replacement for units 1, 2, 3 and 4, which are already closed, as well as for unit 5, which is expected to cease operations after the commissioning of unit 8. The investment in unit 8 was estimated at EUR 500 million, with an additional EUR 100 million for coal mines.[10]

Unit 9

An additional 300 MW expansion was announced for construction in 2028 and operation by 2032.[5]

Though plans for Unit 9 could progress in the future, the expansion project is presumed cancelled as of July 2022. There are no known updates since 2014.

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Elektroprivreda BiH
  • Parent company: Elektroprivreda BiH
  • Location: Kakanj, FBIH, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Coordinates: 44.089722, 18.114444 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Capacity: Unit 5: 110 MW, Unit 6: 110 MW, Unit 7: 230 MW
  • Type: subcritical
  • Start date: Unit 5: 1969, Unit 6: 1977, Unit 7: 1988
  • Projected retirement date: Unit 5 depends on Unit 8 development
  • Coal Type: Lignite
  • Coal Source: Kakanj, Breza, and Zenica mine
  • Financing:

Proposed Expansion Details

  • Sponsor: Elektroprivreda BiH
  • Parent company: Elektroprivreda BiH
  • Location: Kakanj, FBIH, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Coordinates: 44.089722, 18.114444 (exact)
  • Status: Unit 8: Pre-permit; Unit 9: Cancelled
  • Capacity: Unit 8: 300 MW; Unit 9: 300 MW
  • Type:
  • Start date: Unit 8: 2022; Unit 9: 2032
  • Coal Type: Lignite
  • Coal Source:
  • Financing: EUR 500 million[10]; loans from the Government of China and Chinese banks[4]

Resources and articles


Related GEM.wiki Resources

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