Bukhara-Tashkent-Bishkek-Almaty Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
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Bukhara-Tashkent-Bishkek-Almaty Gas Pipeline (Russian: БГР-ТБА (Бухарский газоносный район Ташкент-Бишкек-Алматы) is an operating natural gas pipeline running from Uzbekistan to Kazakhstan, passing through Kyrgyzstan.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs from Bukhara, Uzbekistan through Tashkent, Shymkent, Taraz, and Bishkek to Almaty, Kazakhstan.[2]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Uztransgas,[3] Intergas Central Asia,[1] Gazprom Kyrgyzstan[4]
  • Owner: Uztransgas,[3] QazaqGaz,[5] Gazprom
  • Parent Company: Government of Uzbekistan,[3] Samruk-Kazyna SWF JSC,[6] Government of Russia
  • Capacity: 12 bcm/year[2][4]
  • Length: 1585 km[2][4]
  • Diameter: 700, 720, 820, 1000, 1020 mm[7]
  • Status: Operating[1]
  • Start Year: 1971[1]
  • Cost:
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure:

BGR-TBA 1-st segment

  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent Company:
  • Capacity:
  • Length:
  • Diameter: 700, 720, 820, 1020 mm[7]
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1961-1989[7]
  • Cost:
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure:

BGR-TBA 2-nd segment

  • Operator:
  • Owner:
  • Parent Company:
  • Capacity:
  • Length:
  • Diameter: 820, 1000, 1020 mm[7]
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1975-1999[7]
  • Cost:
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure:

Background

The 'Bukhara–Tashkent–Bishkek–Almaty pipeline is Uzbekistan's main natural gas export pipeline. Construction of the pipeline started in 1967. In 1968, the pipeline reached to Tashkent, in 1970 to Bishkek (then Frunze) and in 1971 to Almaty.[8]

The pipeline was first built in 1971 and has been worn out since. KazTransGas JSC (QazaqGaz since 2021) and Gazprom Kyrgyzstan conducted constructions of a new branch of the pipeline in Kyrgyzstan to increase the capacity,[4][9] from the Kazakh-Kyrgyz border to the compressor station "Sokuluk," completed in 2017.[10] Epsilon Development Company (USA) conducted a major overhaul of the pipeline in Uzbekistan in 2020.[11]

As of 2012, a gas swap agreement was in effect between Russian Gazprom and Kazakh Kazmunaygas. Gazprom would purchase gas in Uzbekistan and deliver it to South Kazakhstan. In return, Kazmunaygas delivers gas from Karachaganak field at the same volume and at the same price.[12]

Environment and social impacts

There was a gas leak due to corrosion of the pipeline at the four hundred first kilometer in 2012.[13] The gas supply continued despite the leak.

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Годовой отчет АО Интергаз Центральная Азия за 2020 год". Intergas Central Asia. 2021. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Магистральный газопровод «Ташкент – Бишкек – Алматы» запустят летом 2017 года". Vesti.kg. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "АО "УЗТРАНСГАЗ"". utg.uz. Retrieved 2022-07-25.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Магистральный газопровод «Ташкент — Бишкек — Алматы» запустят летом 2017 года". Gasprom Kyrgyzstan. 2017-04-04. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  5. "About the company". Intergas Central Asia. Retrieved 2022-07-20.
  6. "National company QazaqGaz JSC (KZTG) - Kazakhstan Stock Exchange (KASE)". kase.kz (in русский). Retrieved 2022-07-21.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "Годовой отчет АО Интергаз Центральная Азия за 2020 год". Intergas Central Asia. 2021. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  8. Brill Olcott, Martha (2006). "The Transport of Turkmen Gas: Existing Alternatives". In Victor, David G.; Jaffe, Amy; Hayes, Mark H. (eds.). Natural gas and geopolitics: from 1970 to 2040. Cambridge University Press. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-521-86503-6. Retrieved 2009-07-19.
  9. "КазТрансГаз и Газпром расширят газопровод в Кыргызстане". LSnews. 2015-03-03. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  10. "Газопровод Ташкент — Бишкек — Алматы: завершается второй этап строительства". Sputnik.kg. 2017-04-03. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  11. "EPSILON (EDC): Продолжается развитие газотранспортной инфраструктуры Узбекистана". Uzreport. 2020-09-09. Retrieved 2022-07-19.
  12. "АО «КазТрансГаз» сообщает о поставках природного газа в южные регионы Казахстана". Retrieved 2022-07-19.
  13. "КазТрансГаз продолжил поставки газа в южные регионы, несмотря на аварию на БГР-ТБА". neftegaz.ru. Retrieved 2022-07-19.