Cirebon power station

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Indonesia and coal
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Cirebon power station is a 660-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in West Java Province, Indonesia. It is also the site of the proposed 924-MW Cirebon Unit 2 (also known as Jawa-1) and the proposed 1,000-MW Cirebon Unit 3.


The undated satellite photo below shows the plant, which is located in Kanci Kulon Village, Astanajapura District, Cirebon Regency, West Java Province.

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Background on Plant

The Cirebon power station is a single-unit, 660-MW coal-fired power plant developed by Cirebon Electric Power (CEP) in the Kanci area to the southeast of Cirebon, Indonesia.[1] CEP is a joint venture between four companies: Japan-owned Marubeni Corporation (32.5%), Korea Midland Power Co (27.5%), South Korean company Samtan Co Ltd (20%) and Indonesian company PT Indika Energy (a subsidiary of the Indika Group) (20%).

Like other IPPs in Indonesia, the plant will sell the electricity produced to the PLN at an agreed feed-in tariff price. The initial agreed rate was reported to be US 4.43 cents per kWh (USD 0.0443/kWh) although, because of high coal prices, it was reported that the PLN would adjust the purchase price upwards to US 5.2 cents per kWh (USD 0.052/kWh).

The first unit of the plant was launched in mid October 2012. The reported cost of the plant was nearly $850 million. Construction began in 2008 and was completed in mid-2012. Sales from the plant to the Indonesian state-owned electricity company PLN began in July 2012.[1]

Description of Expansion

There are plans to extend the Cirebon plant with the installation of an additional 2 x 1,000-MW units, units 2 and 3, costing around US$2 billion.[1] In November 2013, CEP announced that it was set to start the construction of the plant's second unit, which will provide an additional power supply of 1,000 megawatts (MW) in 2014, with completion targeted for 2018.[2] This plant is also shown in PLN's 2013-2022 long-range plan with a 2018 completion. [3] Funding for the project would come from loans from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation and the Export-Import Bank of Korea.[4] The PT PLN 2018-2027 long range plan lists Unit 2 as 924 MW with a completion date of 2020.[5]

In December 2014, government officials allocated land for the project. At that time, construction was planned to begin in 2015, with completion in 2020.[6]

In April 2015 project co-sponsor Indika withdrew from the power station, citing financial difficulties.[7]

In May 2015 PT Cirebon Energi Prasarana (CEPR), the developer of Cirebon II power plant, said construction of Cirebon II would begin near the end of 2015,[8] later pushed to January 2016.[9]

In March 2016 Director of Corporate Planning of PLN Nicke Widyawati said PLN expects to begin construction of the plant within the month.[10]

In May 2016 it was reported that initial construction prep on unit 2 was underway, and a 1,000 MW ultra-supercritical unit 3 was planned.[11]

In December 2016 a legal challenge to the project was filed by The People for Environmental Protection (RAPEL), with legal representation by the Advocacy Team for Climate Justice. At the heart of the legal challenge was RAPEL’s claim that local planning law only permitted power plant development in the district of Astanajapura, and that the Cirebon 2 expansion also extended into Mundu district, which was zoned for local livelihoods. On April 19, 2017, the regional court in Bandung ruled the environmental permit for the plant was issued illegally.[12]

A coalition of Japanese groups are calling on JBIC to immediately review and repeal its decision to provide financing for Cirebon 2, saying the project is illegal according to local law and in violation of the “JBIC Guidelines for Confirmation of Environmental and Social Considerations,” which require “the compliance with environmental laws of the host nation and local governments concerned” and “the submission of environmental permit certificates issued by the host governments.”[13]

In October 2017 the Head of Communications at Cirebon Electric Power, Yuda Panjaitan, said problems around Spatial Planning (RTRW) and licensing in the State Administrative Court (PTUN) had been resolved, and Unit 2 had now obtained an environmental permit from the West Java Provincial Government under the legal umbrella of Government Regulation No. 13 of 2017. The plant was reported as under construction,[14] but Google Earth (dated November 1, 2017) shows only leveling of the site has begun, but no visible construction of the power station.

In September 2018 it was reported that construction of Cirebon 2 was 24% complete.[15]

In October 2018, the KOMIPO CEO told a Korean National Assembly hearing that “construction on Cirebon 3 has been suspended” and “we plan to do renewables.” The statements came while the CEO was being questioned by Assemblywoman Bae-sook Cho of the Trade, Industry and Energy Committee, who criticized the lack of emission controls attached to Cirebon 1 compared to Korean coal plants, and said coal will be an unreasonable choice in six to seven years when Cirebon 2 is completed, given the LCOE trends. According to an anonymous source within KOMIPO: “As of now we are not in the condition to proceed with the construction of Unit 3. This is because the Indonesian Government did not reflect the plant (Cirebon 3) in its power supply and demand plan.”[16]

In February 2019 the government's long-range plan for 2019-2028 listed the project with a completion date of 2022.[17] Construction was 28% complete as of February 2019.[18] Construction was 61% complete as of September 2019.[19]

In March 2020 the project's sponsor declared force majeure and stated that development would be delayed as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.[20] As of June 30, 2020 construction was reported to be 81.15% complete by the Directorate General of Electricity.[21] In February 2021 PLN's Regional Business Director for Java, Madura and Bali said that Unit 2 would be commissioned in 2022.[22]

Cancellation of Unit 3

As of June 2020 there had been no progress on Unit 3 since a May 2016 by Marubeni and other potential sponsors, and the unit appears to be cancelled.


In May 2016 a press article listed a consortium of five banks (ING, Crédit Agricole, Mizuho, SMBC, MUFG) set to provide a US$640 million loan to the project, aiming to reach financial close by the beginning of the third-quarter of 2016. The export credit agencies Exim Bank of Korea, JBIC, and Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI) are also considering financing for the project.[23]

In April 2017, a loan agreement was finalised to provide US$1.74 billion for Cirebon 2. The export credit agencies Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) and the Export–Import Bank of Korea (Kexim) will provide 66% of project debt (US$1.148 billion). The private banks ING, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Mizuho Bank and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation are providing the remaining 34% of project debt (US$592m). The commercial bank loans are being insured by Kexim and the Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI). The project sponsors are providing US$435 million in equity to cover the remainder of the US$2.175 billion project costs.[24] The lead arranger of finance for the project is the global Dutch bank ING, which rejected pressure to withdraw from its role despite adopting a policy in November 2015 that it would reduce its exposure to coal projects.[12]

Bribery Scandal

In May 2019 Hyundai Engineering & Construction admitted that it had given bribes of between Rp 6.5 billion and Rp 9.5 billion to Cirebon Regent Sunjaya Purwadisastra to appease residents who were opposed to construction of Cirebon 2.[25] In October Indonesia's Corruption Eradication Commission (KDK) banned three additional suspects in the case from leaving the country for three years.[26] Investigation of the bribery allegations was delayed in February 2021 when PT Cirebon Power's Corporate Affairs Director Teguh Haryono failed to appear in response to a summons of the Corruption Eradication Commission.[27]

Opposition to Plant

Protests from the community in relation to its land acquisition status delayed initial operation of the plant.[1]

In December 2016 a legal challenge to the project was filed by The People for Environmental Protection (RAPEL), with legal representation by the Advocacy Team for Climate Justice. At the heart of the legal challenge was RAPEL’s claim that local planning law only permitted power plant development in the district of Astanajapura, and that the Cirebon 2 expansion also extended into Mundu district, which was zoned for local livelihoods. On April 19, 2017, the regional court in Bandung ruled the environmental permit for the plant was issued illegally.[12]

Environmental Impact

Three villages located close to the Cirebon power station are experiencing severe health impacts due to coal ash from the power station being blown into residential areas. Five public health centers near the power station documented a drastic uptick in severe respiratory illness among the villagers, from 613 people in 2018 to 1,525 people in 2019.[28]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: PT Cirebon Electric Power (CEP)
  • Parent company: Marubeni Corporation 35%; Indika Group 25%; Samtan Co Ltd 20%; Korea Midland Power Co 10%; Jera Power 10% (a JV between TEPCO and Chubu Electric Power)
  • Location: Kanci Kulon Village, Astanajapura District, Cirebon Regency, West Java Province, Indonesia
  • Coordinates: -6.7702857,108.6148578 (exact)
  • Status: Unit 1: Operating (2012); Unit 2: Construction; Unit 3: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity: Unit 1: 660 MW, Unit 2: 924 MW; Unit 3: 1,000 MW
  • Type: Supercritical (Unit 1); Ultra-Supercritical (Units 2-3)
  • Start date: Unit 1: 2012; Unit 2: 2022
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source:
  • Source of financing: Cirebon 2: US$1.74 billion in debt from Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), the Export-Import Bank of Korea (Kexim), ING, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Mizuho and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation; US$435 million in equity from the project sponsors.

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Cirebon power plant on stream for Java and Bali, Amahl S. Azwar, The Jakarta Post, 19 October 2012.
  2. "New 1,000 MW-power plant to be built in Cirebon" Anggi M. Lubis, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta, November 13, 2013.
  3. “PLN Long Term Electricity Plan (2013-2023),” presentation by Moch. Sofyan, Head of New & Renewable Division of PT PLN (Persero), 06 March 2014
  4. Pembangunan PLTU Cirebon Unit 2 Ditargetkan Pertengahan 2014, Berita Satu, 5 Dec. 2013.
  5. Rencana Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik (RUPTL) 2018-2027, PT PLN Persero, V-4
  6. Utilisasi Kerja Sama Pemanfaatan BMN KPKNL Jakarta II: Kerjasama Pemanfaatan untuk Proyek PLTU Cirebon Jawa Barat, Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Negara website, 11 Dec. 2014.
  7. Anggi M. Lubis, "Indika cancels Cirebon power plant project," The Jakarta Post, April 30 2015
  8. "Cirebon II Steam Power Plant Construction to Start by Year-end," Tempo, May 12, 2015
  9. "Pembangunan PLTU Cirebon II Harus Negosiasi Ulang dengan Pendana," Tribun Jabar, 2 July 2015
  10. "PLN expects to soon start construction of PLTU Jawa 7, PLTU Cilacap, PLTU Cirebon," RambuEnergy, March 1, 2016
  11. "Marubeni, Partners To Build New Power Plant In Indonesia," Asia Power, 24 May 2016
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Bob Burton, "Embarrassment for Japanese Government bank as court rules coal plant’s permit illegal," EndCoal, Apr 19, 2017
  13. "Cirebon Coal-fired Power Plant Projects, West Java, Indonesia," FOE Japan, Apr 17, 2017
  14. PLTU Cirebon Unit 2 Ditargetkan Beroperasi pada 2021, Liputan 6, Oct. 2, 2017
  15. Cirebon PLTU 2 Project Reaches 24%, Detik Finance, Sep. 27, 2018
  16. "중부발전, 찌레본 석탄화력 신규 발전사업 중단하나," ElecTimes, 2018년 10월 22일
  17. Rencana Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik (RUPTL) 2019-2028, PT PLN Persero, V-43
  18. PLTU Cirebon Unit II Dipastikan Beroperasi Tahun 2022, Katadata, Feb. 7, 2019
  19. Terhubung Dengan Kasus Suap, Pembangunan PLTU Cirebon II Jalan Terus, Katadata, Sep. 16, 2019
  20. Jadwal operasional pembangkit terganggu wabah corona, ini tanggapan PLN, Kontan, Mar. 8, 2020
  21. Simak! Berikut pembangkit dan proyek kelistrikan 35.000 MW yang terdampak Covid-19, Kontan, Aug. 2, 2020
  22. Termasuk PLTU Batang, 2022 Akan Nambah 5.000 MW Pembangkit, CNBC Indonesia, Feb. 23, 2021
  23. "Cirebon 2 coal fired power plant," BankTrack, accessed Dec 2016
  24. "Cirebon 2 Coal-Fired Power Plant (1000MW) IPP," IJGlobal, accessed Sep. 2020
  25. Hyundai Akui Suap Bupati Cirebon dalam Proyek PLTU, Katadata, May 3, 2019
  26. Kasus Bupati Cirebon Sunjaya, KPK Perpanjangan Larangan ke Luar Negeri Bagi 3 Tersangka, Katadata, Oct. 30, 2019
  27. [1], Liputan6, Feb. 17, 2021
  28. Riky Ferdianto, Voices Against the Waste, Tempo, June 11, 2021

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