Pelabuhan Ratu power station

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Pelabuhan Ratu power station is an operating power station of at least 1050-megawatts (MW) in Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia. It is also known as 公主港电站.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Pelabuhan Ratu power station Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia -7.0242, 106.5464 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3: -7.0242, 106.5464

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - unknown 350 subcritical 2013 2037
Unit 2 operating coal - unknown 350 subcritical 2013 2037
Unit 3 operating coal - unknown 350 subcritical 2013 2037

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 PT Indonesia Power [100.0%]
Unit 2 PT Indonesia Power [100.0%]
Unit 3 PT Indonesia Power [100.0%]


  • Source of financing: US$481 million in debt from the Export-Import Bank of China; US$175.59 million in debt from Bank Mega[1][2]


The three-unit, 1050-MW coal-fired Pelabuhan Ratu power station was completed in late 2012 and began commercial operations at the beginning of 2013. The plant is owned by PLN.[3][4]

Planned retirement

In October 2022, PLN gave their support to the government's early retirement program, which was a scheme designed to increase renewable energy's share of the Indonesian grid. Through the program, Pelabuhan Ratu power station's operational lifespan would be shortened to 15 years, giving it a presumed retirement year of 2037.[5] Before retirement, the power station would be transferred from PLN to PT Bukit Asam Tbk (PTBA).[6]

As of July 2023, ownership had not yet been transferred.[7] In November 2023, PTBA was reportedly "still waiting for government direction regarding the follow-up to the acquisition of the Pelabuhan Ratu PLTU" (Google translate).[8]

In January 2024, a Center of Economic and Law Studies analysis found that the retirement of Cirebon power station and Pelabuhan Ratu power station would eliminate up to 14,022 jobs, but their replacement by renewable energy alternatives would create up to 639,269 jobs.[9]

As of March 2024, PTBA still did not have the Energy Transition Mechanism funding needed to execute the early retirement scheme.[10] In May 2024, the transfer reportedly remained in a "study phase" (Google translate).[11]


The Export-Import Bank of China loaned PLN US$481 million for the power station.[1] Bank Mega provided a loan of US$175.59 million to the project. HSBC acted as financial adviser to PLN.[2]

Environmental Impact

In 2019, a coal barge transporting coal to the Pelabuhan Ratu power station capsized and sank, spilling large amounts of coal into the Palabuhanratu bay.[12] Local fisherman have also claimed that the coal barges have disrupted their fishing and damaged their fishing nets. They also claim that a fisherman was struck and killed by one of the coal barges in 2019.[13]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Aditya Suharmoko, "PLN secures Chinese loans for power plants program after Merpati spat solved," The Jakarta Post, May 05 2009
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Preview of Pelapuhan Ratu Power Plant | Transaction | IJGlobal". Retrieved 2020-11-23.
  3. "PLN have announced that construction of a 1,050 MW coal-fired power plant in West Java, PLTU Pelabuhan Ratu, has now been finalised," Salva Report, December 21, 2012
  4. "PLN secures Chinese loans for power plants program after Merpati spat solved" Jakarta Post, May 5, 2009.
  5. "PLN dan PTBA Kerja Sama Pensiun Dini PLTU Pelabuhan Ratu" PT Bukit Asam Tbk, October 19, 2022.
  6. "Simak, Kabar Terbaru Nasib PLTU PLN yang Dialihkan ke PTBA" CNBC Indonesia, February 16, 2023.
  7. "Update Peralihan PLTU Pelabuhan Ratu ke PTBA, Ini Kata PLN.." CNBC Indonesia, July 6, 2023.
  8. "PLTU Pelabuhan Ratu Masuk Daftar Pensiun Dini, Akuisisi PTBA Tunggu Arahan Pemerintah", November 27, 2023.
  9. "Prabowo-Gibran pledge to continue energy transition," Indonesia Business Post, January 31, 2024
  10. "PTBA Ungkap Alasan Akuisisi PLTU Pelabuhan Ratu Tak Kunjung Rampung," Kumparan Bisnis, March 8, 2024
  11. "Apa Kabar Rencana Pensiun Dini PLTU Pelabuhan Ratu? Ini Kata PTBA," CNBC Indonesia, May 8, 2024
  12. Syahdan Alamsyah, Pengelola PLTU Janji Bersihkan Batu Bara di Pantai Cipatuguran , Detik News, May 11, 2019
  13. Nelayan Binuangeun Kecewa Terhadap Pemprov Banten, Biem, June 16, 2021

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.