Collum Coal Mine

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Collum Coal Mine, also known as Nkandabwe coal mine, is a coal mine in the southern town of Sinazongwe in Zambia which has been reported as producing 150,000 tonnes of coal a year. The mine is owned by Collum Coal Mining Industries, which is reportedly "a private firm run by Chinese investors from Jiangxi province" in China.[1] [2]


The map below shows the exact location of the mine.

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Collum Coal Mining Industries operates the mine. The mine was closed in 2012 after losing its license due to numerous safety violations, it reopened in 2015. [3]

Collapsed Tunnels

In 2016 tunnels from the mine collapsed causing damage to house in Sinazongwe, a nearby village. An estimated 50 people were left homeless by the incident. [4]

Managers fire at workers

Twelve workers were injured on October 15, 2010, when mainly Chinese managers fired randomly at workers protesting poor working conditions. On October 17, Zambian police said the managers who shot at the workers will be charged with attempted murder. Zambian Inspector General of police Francis Kabonde told journalists: "A warn and caution statement has already been recorded and what should be realised is that there is no one above the law, as it had been portrayed by some people." The incident has raised a political storm, with opposition leader Michael Sata of the Patriotic Front accusing the Chinese in the country of being untouchable because they are funding the ruling party ahead of next year's elections: "What do you expect the government to do with the Chinese? They are their friends and they constantly fund them." Investment from China has been on the rise Zambia, with several copper and coal mines bought by Chinese firms.[5]

Scuffle kills Chinese manager

In August 2012 Zambian miners killed a Chinese manager during a protest. The miners were protesting a delay in wage increases. Another Chinese was also injured during the scuffle.[6] On August 7, 2012 police charged a Zambia coal miner with murder in connection with the killing of a Chinese supervisor during a protest.[7]

Mine Details

  • Operator: Collum Coal Mining Industries Limited [2]
  • Owner:
  • Location: Sinazongwe, Southern Province, Zambia [2]
  • Coordinates: -17.15515332, 27.36820936 (Exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Capacity: 0.15 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa)[2]
  • Total Reserves:
  • Mineable Reserves:
  • Coal Type:
  • Mine Type: Underground
  • Start Year:
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and Resources


  1. " One dead in Chinese coal mine disputes in Zambia", China, August 7, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 British Broadcasting Company, "China in Zambia: Jobs or exploitation?", BBC website, Accessed April 2021
  3. Wall Street Journal, "Zambia Reopens Chinese-owned Collum Coal Mine", WSJ website, Accessed April 2021
  4. Business and Human Rights Resource Centre, "Zambia: Homes crumbling due to collapsing Nkandabwe Coal Mines", BHRRC website, Accessed April 2021
  5. "Zambia to charge Chinese mine bosses over shooting" AFP, October 17, 2010.
  6. "Zambian miners kill Chinese manager during pay protest" BBC, August 5, 2012.
  7. "Zambia police charge miner over killing of Chinese supervisor" Reuters, August 7, 2012.

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