Curaray-Andoas Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Curaray-Andoas Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline in the Amazon basin of Peru.
- Operator: Perenco
- Capacity: 60,000 barrels per day
- Length: 207 kilometers
- Diameter: 20 inches
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2013
The purpose of the US$359 million pipeline project is to ship block 67 oil production from the Curaray crude oil processing plant to Petroperu's Andoas station, from where it can be transported to the Bayóvar terminal on the Pacific Ocean via the Oleoducto Nor Peruano pipeline. Block 67 is an area in the Marañón basin that includes the oil fields of Paiche, Dorado and Piraña. The pipeline consists of a 20-inch-diameter main pipeline and a 10-inch-diameter parallel line, which transports light hydrocarbons from Andoas to the Curaray crude oil processing plant.
In March 2010, Perenco filed an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to Peru's energy and mines ministry for the pipeline project.
In December 2013, heavy oil production commenced at Block 67 at an initial rate of 1,000 barrels of oil per day (BPD), with the expectation it would increase to 6,000 BPD in 2014, 12,000 BPD in 2015, 35,000 BPD in 2017, and thereafter reaching a peak of 60,000 BPD.
Numerous protests, some of which have resulted in violence, regarding oil and gas exploration, production, and transportation have been held in Peru in recent years.
Block 67 is located in an area of Peru in which there are several uncontacted Indigenous tribes in "voluntary isolation." According to a report by CooperAcción, the creation of Block 67 was in violation of international law protecting indigenous peoples' rights. The report estimates that the pipeline will affect approximately 20,000 people, cross territory belonging to the Achuar, Arabela, Kichwa and Quechua, and that some of the indigenous groups have not been informed or consulted about it.
Oil development in Block 67 was opposed in protests in May and December 2009, one of which was violently broken up by the Peruvian Navy.
On 7 April 2013, a helicopter flying to Lot 67 crashed, killing all 13 people on board.
Articles and resources
- Curaray-Andoas oil pipeline project - Peru, A Barrel Full, accessed September 2017
- "EVOLUCIÓN DE LA EMPRESA ESTATAL: PROYECTO TRANSPORTE CRUDO PESADO LOTE 67 – PERENCO (p. 7)" (PDF). Petroperú S.A. March 2014.
- Block 67 starts heavy oil production in Maranon Basin, Perupetro, 4 Dec. 2013
- Perenco budgets US$359mn for pipeline project, BNamericas, 8 Mar. 2010
- A mixed aftermath for Peru protests, Cultural Survival, June 2009
- Exploitation of Peru's 'miracle' oil deposits in the Amazon is delayed, The Guardian, 30 Jul. 2013