Curaray-Andoas Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Curaray-Andoas Oil Pipeline is a proposed oil pipeline in the Amazon basin of Peru.
- Operator: Perenco
- Capacity: 60,000 barrels per day
- Length: 207 kilometers
- Diameter: 20 inches
- Status: Proposed
- Start Year:
The purpose of the US$359 million pipeline project is to ship block 67 oil production from the Curaray crude oil processing plant to Petroperu's Andoas station, from where it can be transported to the Bayóvar terminal on the Pacific Ocean via the Oleoducto Nor Peruano pipeline. Block 67 is an area in the Marañón basin that includes the oil fields of Paiche, Dorado and Piraña.
In April 2012, Petroperú announced that it would transport oil by boat from Perenco's fields to the Andoas station of the Norperuano pipeline during Block 67's first phase of operation between 2013 and 2017, with the expectation that Perenco would initiate construction of the Curaray-Andoas pipeline in 2017.
In December 2013, heavy oil production commenced at Block 67 at an initial rate of 1,000 barrels of oil per day (BPD), with the expectation it would increase to 6,000 BPD in 2014, 12,000 BPD in 2015, 35,000 BPD in 2017, and thereafter reaching a peak of 60,000 BPD.
While Perenco continues to mention the Curaray-Andoas pipeline on its website, the pipeline's current stage of development is unclear. As of January 2021, production at Block 67 remained suspended due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Numerous protests, some of which have resulted in violence, regarding oil and gas exploration, production, and transportation have been held in Peru in recent years.
Block 67 is located in an area of Peru in which there are several uncontacted Indigenous tribes in "voluntary isolation." According to a report by CooperAcción, the creation of Block 67 was in violation of international law protecting indigenous peoples' rights. The report estimates that the pipeline will affect approximately 20,000 people, cross territory belonging to the Achuar, Arabela, Kichwa and Quechua, and that some of the indigenous groups have not been informed or consulted about it.
Block 67 is also located in one of the most inaccessible and most biodiverse regions of the Peruvian rainforest. A portion of the pipeline transverses the "protected" Pucacuro National Reserve.
Oil development in Block 67 was opposed in protests in May and December 2009, one of which was violently broken up by the Peruvian Navy.
On 7 April 2013, a helicopter flying to Block 67 crashed, killing all 13 people on board and temporarily delaying startup of oil production.
During the 20-year period from 2000 through 2019, four spills were reported in Block 67.
Articles and resources
- Curaray-Andoas oil pipeline project - Peru, A Barrel Full, accessed September 2017
- "EVOLUCIÓN DE LA EMPRESA ESTATAL: PROYECTO TRANSPORTE CRUDO PESADO LOTE 67 – PERENCO (p. 7)" (PDF). Petroperú S.A. March 2014.
- Block 67 starts heavy oil production in Maranon Basin, Perupetro, 4 Dec. 2013
- Luis Manuel Claps (March 2013). "Expansión Petrolera y Pueblos Indígenas en la Amazonía: El Caso Perenco (p 32)" (PDF). Cooperacción.
- "MEM APRUEBA EIA PARA CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL OLEODUCTO Y LÍNEA DE DILUYENTE CPF-ANDOAS EN LOTE 67". MINEM (Ministerio de Energía y Minas). July 22, 2011.
- "Perenco obtiene permiso para proyecto de ducto de US$ 359mn". BNamericas. July 22, 2011.
- "ESTUDIO DE IMPACTO AMBIENTAL DEL PROYECTO DE CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL OLEODUCTO Y LÍNEA DE DILUYENTE CPF – ANDOAS, PARA USO PROPIO" (PDF). Daimi Peru / Perenco. February 2010.
- "Estudio de Impacto Ambiental para la fase de desarrollo del Lote 67A y 67B" (PDF). Asamre / Perenco. February 2011.
- "Petroperú transportará crudo del lote 67 operado por Perenco en Loreto". Andina, Agencia Peruana de Noticias. April 17, 2012.
- "Perenco Oil and Gas company in Peru". Perenco. Retrieved 2021-04-15.
- "PetroTal to test Peru-Brazil river route for crude". January 12, 2021.
- A mixed aftermath for Peru protests, Cultural Survival, June 2009
- Exploitation of Peru's 'miracle' oil deposits in the Amazon is delayed, The Guardian, 30 Jul. 2013
- Aymara León & Mario Zúñiga (February 2020). "La sombra del petróleo: Informe de los derrames petroleros en la Amazonía peruana entre el 2000 y el 2019 (p 44)" (PDF). Coordinadora Nacional de Derechos Humanos / Oxfam.