MIDAL Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
MIDAL Gas Pipeline, also called the Emden-Karlsruhe Pipeline, is an operating natural gas pipeline in Germany.
The pipeline runs from Bunde through Rehden, Bad Salzuflen and Reckrod to Ludwigshafen, Germany. It connects with the Dutch gas system at Bunde; with the NEL Gas Pipeline, the Rehden-Hamburg Gas Pipeline, and the Nord–West Anbindungsleitung Gas Pipeline (NOWAL) at Rehden; with the WEDAL Gas Pipeline at Bad Salzuflen; with the STEGAL Gas Pipeline at Reckrod; and with the Werne-Schlüchtern-Rimpar Gas Pipeline at Schlüchtern. A 16-km spur line connects MIDAL with MEGAL Gas Pipeline at Gernsheim.
- Operator: Gascade Gastransport GmbH (formerly Wingas GmbH)
- Parent Company: BASF (50%) and Gazprom (50%)
- Capacity: 12.8 billion cubic meters per year
- Length: 436 miles / 702 kilometers
- Diameter: 16 inches, 39 inches
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1993
The MIDAL Gas Pipeline (Mitte-Deutschland-Anbindungsleitung, or "Central Germany Connection Pipeline") connects the North Sea with southern Germany. It runs from Bunde, Germany, where it is connected with Netherlands gas system, and Emdel receiving terminal, to Ludwigshafen. The pipeline has a capacity of 12.8 cubic meters of natural gas per year. It was constructed in 1992-1993, and it is owned and operated by Wingas GmbH & Co. KG.
The middle section with length of 175 km (109 mi) connects Rehden with Reckrod. This section has a diameter of 900 mm (35 in). In Bad Salzuflen, the WEDAL Gas Pipeline towards Belgium branches-off from MIDAL. In Reckrod, MIDAL is connected with the STEGAL Gas Pipeline.
The 210 km (130 mi) long southern section with a diameter of 800 mm (31 in) runs from Reckrod to Ludwigshafen, where it connects to BASF's Ludwigshafen Verbund site, the world's largest integrated chemical complex. In Ludwigshafen, the pipeline is connected with a 57 km (35 mi) long MIDAL-ERM branch-off pipeline to Jockgrim.
Articles and resources
- MIDAL, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
- Gasfernleitungsnetz mit Ein- und Ausspeisepunkten, Gascade, Dec. 2019.
- MEGAL-MIDAL Project in Gernsheim, GRTgaz newsletter, May 2012.
- "France and Belgium Pipelines map", Theodora, accessed January 30, 2020
- Arentsen, Maarten J.; Künneke, Rolf W. (2003). National reforms in European gas. Gulf Professional Publishing. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-08-043687-6.
- Energy Policies of IEA Countries - Germany (PDF). International Energy Agency. 2007. pp. 105, 108. ISBN 978-92-64-02223-2.
- Victor, David G.; Jaffe, Amy; Hayes, Mark H. (2006). Natural gas and geopolitics: from 1970 to 2040. Cambridge University Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-521-86503-6.
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on MIDAL (MIDAL). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].