Enbridge Line 61 Oil Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
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Enbridge Line 61 Oil Pipeline is a crude oil pipeline in the United States. It is part of the Enbridge Mainline System.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs from Enbridge’s Superior Terminal in Superior, Wisconsin, to Enbridge’s Flanagan Terminal near Pontiac, Illinois.[2]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Enbridge[2]
  • Capacity: 1.2 million barrels per day (mbpd)[3]
  • Length: 744 kilometers (462 miles)[2]
  • Diameter: 42-inches[2]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Start Year: 2009

Background

Line 61 is a 42-inch, oil sands pipeline that runs from Enbridge’s terminal in Superior, Wisconsin, to its Flanagan Terminal near Pontiac, Illinois.[2] The pipeline began operating in 2009.[3]

According to Enbridge’s Energy Infrastructure Assets report in June 2020, the pipeline had an average annual capacity of 996,000 barrels per day.[2]

Expansion Projects

2014 Expansion Project

In 2014 the pipeline's capacity was increased from 400,000 to 560,000 barrels per day (bpd).[4]

2012 Expansion Project

In December 2012, Enbridge announced a further expansion, subject to regulatory review and approvals, to increase the capacity to 1.2 million barrels per day. The increased capacity will come from additional pumps along Line 61, not new pipeline construction. Construction for Phase 2 began in spring 2014 and was anticipated to be complete by the end of 2016.[5] The expansion was reported as completed by 2017. Enbridge had previously suggested that it might further expand the pipeline or building a twin pipeline ("Line 61 Twin").[3]

As of April 2017, Line 61 was running at 75% full capacity (900,000 barrels per day of the 1,200,000 barrels per day capacity) and Enbridge said it is not currently planning an expansion.[3]

Southern Access Upgrade Project 3

The upgrade resulted in a capacity increase from 800,000 barrels per day to 950,000 barrels per day. There are plans to expand further to 1,200,000 barrels per day.[6]

Southern Access Upgrade Project 3 Details

  • Owner: Enbridge[6]
  • Capacity: 150,000 barrels per day[6]
  • Length: 0 new miles of pipeline[6]
  • Status: Operating[6]
  • Start Year: 2015[6]

Southern Access Upgrade Project 2

The upgrade will result in a capacity increase from 950,000 bpd to 1,200,000 bpd by expanding the pipeline's pump stations. The project does not involve laying any new miles of pipeline. Enbridge plans for the full expansion to be completed in the second half of 2020, following the completion of the Enbridge Line 3 Oil Pipeline.[6]

Southern Access Upgrade Project 2 Details

  • Owner: Enbridge[6]
  • Capacity: 250,000 barrels per day[6]
  • Length: 0 new miles of pipeline[6]
  • Status: Construction[6]
  • Start Year: 2020[6]

Southern Access Upgrade Project 1

Capacity increased from 560,000 barrels per day to 800,000 barrels per day. The project didn't involve adding any new miles of pipeline.[6]

Southern Access Upgrade Project 1 Details

  • Owner: Enbridge[6]
  • Capacity: 240,000 barrels per day[6]
  • Length: 0 new miles of pipeline[6]
  • Diameter: 42-inches[6]
  • Status: Operating[6]
  • Start Year: 2015[6]

Southern Access Pipeline Extension

The extension goes from Flanagan, Illinois to a petroleum terminal hub near Patoka, Illinois.[6]

Southern Access Pipeline Extension Location

The expansion runs through Illinois.[7]

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Southern Access Pipeline Extension

  • Owner: Enbridge[6]
  • Capacity: 300,000 barrels per day[6]
  • Length: 167 miles / 268.8 kilometers[6]
  • Diameter: 24-inches[6]
  • Status: Operating[6]
  • Start Year: 2015[6]

2014 Southern Access Expansion

By increasing the pumps' horsepower, the expansion resulted in a capacity increase of 160,000 barrels per day, from 400,000 barrels per day to 560,000 barrels per day.[6]

2014 Southern Access Expansion Project Details

  • Owner: Enbridge[6]
  • Capacity: 160,000 barrels per day[6]
  • Length: 0.0 new miles of pipeline[6]
  • Diameter: 42-inches[6]
  • Status: Operating[6]
  • Start Year: 2014[6]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Enbridge Pipeline System, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Enbridge’s Energy Infrastructure Assets Enbrdige, July 22, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Neil Johnson, "Enbridge says it has no plans for a new Wisconsin pipeline," Gazette Xtra, April 28, 2017
  4. Lisa Song, "Map: Another Major Tar Sands Pipeline Seeking U.S. Permit," Inside Climate News, June 3, 2013
  5. "Line 61 Upgrade Project (Phase 2)," Enbridge website, accessed September 2017
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.32 Petroleum & Other Liquids, Movements, Energy Information Administration, June 4, 2020
  7. The Growing Web of Oil and Gas Pipelines FracTracker, February 28, 2019

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

External articles