GasNosu North–South Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

GasNosu Gas Pipeline, also known as the North–South Gas Pipeline, is a proposed natural gas pipeline, running from Palma, Mozambique, to Richards Bay, South Africa.


The pipeline would run from Palma, Cabo Delgado province, in the far northeast of Mozambique, to the capital city of Maputo, continuing across the border to Richards Bay, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa.

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The GasNosu gas pipeline was first proposed in 2012. A $6-billion, 2,600-km pipeline, it would link the gas fields in the Rovuma onshore & offshore basin, in the far north of Mozambique, with Mozambique's major cities of Pemba, Nacala, Quelimane, Beira, and Maputo, as well as with the Pande and Temane gas fields in central Mozambique, and would finally culminate at Richards Bay. The project was originally proposed by the South African company Gigajoule Group, as a joint venture with Mozambique's state oil company ENH (Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos). The two companies began a feasibility study in Sept. 2013.[1] The Mozambican section of the pipeline, from Palma to Maputo, would span 2,100 kilometers[2], with the remaining 500 km continuing into South Africa.

In March 2016, it was reported that South African energy firm Eskom was in talks with Mozambican state-owned Electricidade de Moçambique to build 2,500 MW of gas-fired power plants in eastern South Africa, along the route of the GasNosu pipeline.[3] In October 2017, South African President Jacob Zuma expressed his support for the project.[4] Market analysts, however, argued that the project did not make financial sense.[5]

Doubts persist about the feasibility of the GasNosu project and its competitor, the African Renaissance Gas Pipeline project. Insufficient gas supply forced GasNosu to reduce the size of its ultimately unsuccessful bid in Mozambique's domestic gas tender in early 2017.[6] in July 2019, the Fitch Solutions consulting group again cast doubt on the financial viability of a pipeline spanning the full length of Mozambique and crossing into South Africa, citing a lack of investors and insufficient demand for natural gas in both countries.[7]

In November 2019, in the Final EIA for South Africa's Phased Gas Pipeline Network (PGPN), the backers of PGPN included the South African portion of the GasNosu pipeline as Phase 4 of the PGPN.[8][9]

Project Details

  • Operator: Gigajoule Group, ENH (Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos)[2][6]
  • Parent Company:
  • Planned capacity:
  • Length: 2,600 kilometers
  • Status: Proposed
  • Start Date:

Articles and resources


  1. Samantha Herbst, Feasibility study under way for $5bn Mozambique gas pipeline, Creamer Media's Engineering News, 20 Sept. 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "DO CONSÓRCIO QUE PRETENDE CONCESSÃO DO GASODUTO PALMA – GAUTENG" (PDF). Centro de Integridade Pública Moçambique. March 2016.
  3. Eskom and EDM in talks to use Gigajoules Rovuma pipeline, Zitamar News, 8 Mar. 2016.
  4. Tom Bowker, South Africa eyes Rovuma gas, Petroleum Economist, 19 Oct. 2017.
  5. Tom Bowker, Mozambique: Conflict in the pipeline, Financial Mail, 17 Mar. 2016.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Gasnosu pipeline still 'key for Mozambique' despite domestic gas tender setback". Zitamar News. February 1, 2017.
  7. "Construção de gasoduto entre Moçambique e África do Sul é improvável, defende consultora | DW | 28.07.2019". Deutsche Welle. July 28, 2019.
  8. Paul Lochner et al, Final SEA Report: Strategic Environmental Assessment for the Development of a Phased Gas Pipeline Network in South Africa, DEFF/DMRE/iGas/Transnet/Eskom/Sasol, Nov. 2019, Part 2.
  9. Greater Saldanha Regional Spatial Implementation Framework, Western Cape Government, Dec. 2017, p. 20.

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