Gusinoozyorskaya power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Gusinoozyorskaya power station (Гусиноозерская ГРЭС) is a 1224-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in the Republic of Buryatia, in Russia.


The undated satellite photo below shows the plant, which is near Gusinoozyorskaya city, Selenginsky district, Republic of Buryatia.

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Background on Plant

The power plant is owned by Inter Rao- Electric Power Generation, a subsidiary of Inter RAO. It used to be part of OGK-3 until 2012 when it was liquidated upon consolidation within Inter RAO.[1]

The combined heat-and-power station provides electricity to consumers in Buryatia and neighbouring regions, as well as thermal energy to the city of Gusinoozyorsk.[1][2]

One of the more modern former-Soviet plants, Gusinoozyorskaya was approved by the Soviet Council of Ministers in 1968, as a project of six 200-MW coal-fired units. The first four units were brought online in 1976-79; the last two were brought online in 1988-92. Unit 2 was refurbished in 1993-96, and Unit 4 in 1998.

In June 2022, there was a fire at the power plant due to transformer failure. It appears that there were no casualties, power supply was restored in few days' time and damages were liquidated.[3]

The plant generated 3,668 million Kwh of electricity in 2021 and 3,859 million Kwh in 2020.[4]

The power plant uses coal from Okino-Klyuchevsky coal mine (also owned by Inter RAO), Zagustaisky coal mine mine and Gusinoozersky coal mine.[5]


Unit 1 was modernized in 2017, its capacity increasing by 30MW to 200 MW.[6] Previously the Unit's design capacity was lowered due to the changes in the fuel balance.[6]

In June 2020, it was announced that the company is planning a large-scale modernization of Units 1, 2, and 3. This would include complete replacement of 3 coal boilers with a capacity of 640 tons of steam/hour each, including auxiliary equipment and live steam pipelines, in the period from September 2020 to January 2024. The delivery of boiler equipment began in August 2020.[7]

In December 2020 it was reported that the capacity of Unit 2 and Unit 3 will be increased by 54 MW jointly in the period 2021-2023.[8]

In September 2022, it is reported that works on Units 1 and Unit 3 are already complete, while works on Unit 2 are in progress.[9] The capacity of Unit 2 will be increased by 20 MW to 210MW.[9][10] Unit 3's capacity is increased by 34MW to 204MW.[10]

Project Details

  • Owner: Inter Rao-Electric Power Generation
  • Parent company: Inter RAO
  • Location: Gusinoozyorsk city, Selenginsky district, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
  • Coordinates: 51.29841, 106.48411 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Gross Capacity: 1224 MW[11]
    • Unit 1: 200 MW[5]
    • Unit 2: 190 MW[5] to be increased to 210MW[9]
    • Unit 3: 204 MW (increased from 170MW in 2022)[9][10]
    • Unit 4: 210 MW[5]
    • Unit 5: 210 MW[5]
    • Unit 6: 210 MW[5]
  • Type: Subcritical
  • In service: Unit 1-4: since 1976-79, Units 5: since 1988, Unit 6: since 1992
  • Coal Type: Lignite
  • Coal Source: Okino-Klyuchevsky coal mine, Zagustaisky coal mine mine and Gusinoozersky coal mine.[5]
  • Source of financing:

Description of Expansion

The RAO UES 2006-10 five-year plan (from before the restructuring of RAO UES), which RAO management approved in January 2007, lists as a long-term project the addition of a 330-MW coal-fired unit at Gusinoozyorsk, with a completion date of 2011.[12] A January 2014 Inter RAO investment plan presentation does not mention this plan, and there is no indication that the new management at Inter RAO intends on pursuing this expansion.[13]

Public Opposition

In July 2018 residents met publicly for a half-a-day with a representative of the All-Russia People's Front (or ONF, as it is known in Russian) to voice complaints about the impact of the Buryatskaya open-pit coal mine, the Gusinoozyorskaya power station, and the transportation of coal between them, with more than 300 trips by 30-ton trucks daily. Problems described include the shaking of house from vibrations, coal dust getting on laundry, and constant noise.[14]

Environmental Impact

In February 2020 it was revealed that the plant was polluting the Tel River in violation of the Water Code of Russia after environmental activists requested an audit of the plant by the Trans-Baikal Interregional Administration of Rosprironadzor.[15]

Project Details for Expansion

  • Owner: OGK-3
  • Parent company: Inter RAO
  • Location: Gusinoozyorsk city, Selenginsky district, Republic of Buryatia, Russia
  • Coordinates: 51.29841, 106.48411 (exact)
  • Status: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity: 330 MW
  • Type:
  • Projected in service:
  • Coal Type: Lignite
  • Coal Source: Okino-Klyuchevskaya mine
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Гусиноозёрская ГРЭС". Wikipedia. Retrieved Dec 23, 2021.
  2. Gusinoozerskaya Coal Power Plant Russia, Global Energy Observatory, accessed Mar. 2014.
  3. "Аварию на Гусиноозерской ГРЭС в Бурятии ликвидировали". June 23, 2022.
  4. "АО «Интер РАО – Электрогенерация» в 2021 году нарастило выработку электроэнергии и отпуск тепла". February 10, 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "Мощность Гусиноозёрской ГРЭС увеличилась на 30 МВт". Inter RAO. Retrieved Dec 23, 2021.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "АО «Интер РАО – Электрогенерация» подвело итоги производственной деятельности за 2017 год". Inter RAO. Retrieved Dec 23, 2021.
  7. "Модернизация Гусиноозерской ГРЭС, на старт!". Kvartz Group. Retrieved Dec 23, 2021.
  8. "Россети" внедрят к 2025 году в Бурятии более 53 тыс. "умных" счетчиков, Tass, Dec. 15, 2020
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 "На Гусиноозёрскую ГРЭС доставлен барабан котлоагрегата №2 весом почти 100 тонн". September 15, 2022.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Ministry of Energy (May 23, 2022). "Приказ Министерства энергетики РФ от 28 февраля 2022 г. № 146 "Об утверждении схемы и программы развития Единой энергетической системы России на 2022 - 2028 годы"".
  11. Inter Rao. "Гусиноозёрская ГРЭС". Retrieved November 2022. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  12. Investment Program of RAO UES of Russia Thermal Generation Companies for 2006-2010 and Key Power-Generating Equipment Required by OGK/TGK for its Implementation, RAO UES document, Jan. 29, 2007.
  13. Inter RAO UES presentation, January 2014, accessed Mar. 2014.
  14. «Зачем нам уголь?»: на «токсичных» улицах Гусиноозерска прошло стихийное собрание жителей,, Jul. 11, 2018
  15. В Бурятии Гусиноозерская ГРЭС загрязняла реку сточными водами, Feb. 21, 2020

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External resources