Iran-Pakistan-India Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) Gas Pipeline, also known as the Peace Pipeline, is a proposed pipeline which would begin in Iran and end in India.[1]


Gas would be delivered from the South Pars Gas Fields through Baluchistan (in western Pakistan) into India.

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Project Details

  • Owner:
  • Proposed capacity: 3884.61 million cubic feet per day
  • Length: 2,700 kilometers
  • Status: Shelved
  • Start Year:


The $7.5 billion, 1,700-mile Peace Pipeline (IPI) project would bring gas from the South Pars Gas Fields through Baluchistan (in western Pakistan) into India. The pipeline project, which was originally proposed in 1994, has stalled multiple times in the past two decades. In 2008, a deal was nearly struck between the three countries until India decided to move towards an alternative pipeline project (TAPI). Sanctions on Iran coupled with pressure from the United States most likely influenced India's decision to leave the deal and move towards an alternative that excluded Iran.[2]

Iran and Pakistan signed a deal in 2009 while India left the project.[3] While sanctions have since been lifted on Iran and the geopolitical conditions have changed, India has continued its plans to receive gas from Turkmenistan via the TAPI pipeline. The TAPI pipeline would deliver gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Pakistan, ending in India.[4]

Articles and resources


  1. India Should Revive Iran-Pakistan-India Gas Pipeline: Parliamentary Panel, News 18, March 19, 2017
  2. Maha Atal, IPI vs. TAPI, Forbes, July 11, 2008
  3. Damir Kaletovic, Iran May Cancel $7B Pipeline Project With Pakistan,, January 27,2017
  4. India should revive IPI Pipeline: Parliamentary Panel, Economic Times, March 19, 2017

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