Iran-Pakistan-India Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) Gas Pipeline, also known as the Peace Pipeline, was a proposed gas pipeline which was cancelled after India withdrew from the trilateral deal.[1][2] Iran and Pakistan later went ahead with the plan and the Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline is currently under construction[1].


Gas would be delivered from the South Pars Gas Fields through Baluchistan (in western Pakistan) into India.

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Project Details

  • Owner:
  • Proposed capacity: 3884.61 million cubic feet per day
  • Length: 2,700 kilometers
  • Status: Cancelled[1]
  • Start Year:


The $7.5 billion, 1,700-mile Peace Pipeline (IPI) project would bring gas from the South Pars Gas Fields through Baluchistan (in western Pakistan) into India. The pipeline project, which was originally proposed in 1994, has stalled multiple times in the past two decades. In 2008, a deal was nearly struck between the three countries until India decided to move towards an alternative pipeline project (TAPI). Sanctions on Iran coupled with pressure from the United States most likely influenced India's decision to leave the deal and move towards an alternative that excluded Iran.[3]

Iran and Pakistan signed a deal in 2009 while India left the project.[4] The pipeline's construction was planned to begin in 2012 and be completed by 2014. However, the project faced significant delays as as Pakistan failed to commit to the construction of its portion of the pipeline. U.S. sanctions on Iran in 2012 caused Pakistan to backtrack on the project. Additionally, in 2015, Pakistan agreed to import gas from Qatar, further weakening the possibility and economic necessity for Pakistan to complete the pipeline[5].

From 2017 to 2019 there were no development updates to the project. Iran has since completed construction of its part of the pipeline.[1] The construction of Pakistan's portion of the pipeline was inaugurated in March 2013, but was on halt ever since.[6]

In September 2019, the Inter State Gas Systems (ISGS) of Pakistan and the National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC) drafted a new agreement for the construction of the pipeline. Under the new agreement, the countries would "mutually chalk out a practical solution for the completion of the project" and Pakistan would be expected to construct its part of the project by 2024.[7]

India has continued its plans to receive gas from Turkmenistan via the TAPI pipeline. The TAPI pipeline would deliver gas from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Pakistan, ending in India.[2]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Iran-Pakistan Pipeline - Hydrocarbons Technology". Retrieved 2021-08-11.
  2. 2.0 2.1 India should revive IPI Pipeline: Parliamentary Panel, Economic Times, March 19, 2017
  3. Maha Atal, IPI vs. TAPI, Forbes, July 11, 2008
  4. Damir Kaletovic, Iran May Cancel $7B Pipeline Project With Pakistan,, January 27,2017
  5. (2017-07-31). "Iran Urges Decision on Delayed IP Gas Pipeline". Financial Tribune. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  6. Khalid Hasnain (2019-01-02). "IP gas project in limbo: Pakistan wants Iran to interpret sanctions". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  7. "ISGS, NIGC ink revised accord for IP gas pipeline project | The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2019-09-16. Retrieved 2021-08-25.

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